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Research Ethics. -Inquiry 2 proposals are due in lab this week -This week’s reflection should be about your inquiry 1. Do not tell me your results, but your experience carrying out your inquiry. http://www.phdofu.com/. Main shortcomings of inquiry 1: Inappropriate use of statistics.

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slide2

-Inquiry 2 proposals are due in lab this week-This week’s reflection should be about your inquiry 1. Do not tell me your results, but your experience carrying out your inquiry.

http://www.phdofu.com/

slide3

Main shortcomings of inquiry 1:

  • Inappropriate use of statistics
slide4

Main shortcomings of inquiry 1:

  • Inappropriate use of statistics
  • Age and favorite band:14= Hannah Montana15= Miley Cyrus19= the Pussycat Dolls19= Slipknot22= Kid Rock27= Nelly33= Boyz II Men57= Beatles
slide5

Main shortcomings of inquiry 1:

  • Inappropriate use of statistics
  • Age and favorite band:14= Hannah Montana= 115= Miley Cyrus= 219= the Pussycat Dolls= 319= Slipknot= 422= Kid Rock= 527= Nelly= 633= Boyz II Men= 757= Beatles= 8
slide6

Age vs favorite band

favorite band

Age (Years)

slide7

Age vs favorite band

log

favorite band

Age (Years)

slide8

Main shortcomings of inquiry 1:

  • Inappropriate use of statistics
  • Age and favorite band:14= Hannah Montana= 315= Miley Cyrus= 119= the Pussycat Dolls= 719= Slipknot= 422= Kid Rock= 827= Nelly= 533= Boyz II Men= 257= Beatles= 6
slide9

Age vs favorite band

favorite band

Age (Years)

slide10

Main shortcomings of inquiry 1:

  • Inappropriate use of statistics:
slide11

Main shortcomings of inquiry 1:

  • Inappropriate use of statistics
  • Proof instead of disproofEliminate incorrect hypotheses.
slide12

Main shortcomings of inquiry 1:

  • Inappropriate use of statistics
  • Proof instead of disproof
  • Asking questions with known or irrelevant answers
  • You are the principal investigator(s), and you are responsible for designing/carrying out the experiment(s) and then analyzing the data.
slide15

Bacteria can be used to transform plants

Global area planted with GM crops

Texas =70 ha

Millions of Hectares

http://www.gmo-compass.org/eng/agri_biotechnology/gmo_planting/257.global_gm_planting_2006.html

gmo s many questions but few answers
GMO’s Many Questions, but Few Answers?

Can GMO’s be contained and kept from spreading?

Are GM foods safe for the environment?

Are GM foods safe to eat?

Are GM foods profitable for:

Consumers, Farmers, and Companies?

slide18

Three types of U.S. patents:

1) Utility patents may be granted to anyone who invents or discovers any new and useful process, machine, article of manufacture, or composition of matter, or any new and useful improvement thereof;

2) Design patents may be granted to anyone who invents a new, original, and ornamental design for an article of manufacture; and

3) Plant patents may be granted to anyone who invents or discovers and asexually reproduces any distinct and new variety of plant.

www.uspto.gov

slide19

Examples of current patents:

  • Atryn- antithrombin produced in transgenic goats (in milk) has anti-clotting properties
slide20

Examples of current patents:

  • Atryn- antithrombin produced in transgenic goats (in milk) has anti-clotting properties
  • Evolutec has patents on proteins in tick saliva for use as anti-inflammatory
slide21

Examples of current patents:

  • Atryn- antithrombin produced in transgenic goats (in milk) has anti-clotting properties
  • Evolutec has patents on proteins in tick saliva for use as anti-inflammator
  • GTG in Australia has patents on non-coding human DNA for detecting risk of various diseases
slide22

Examples of current patents:

  • Atryn- antithrombin produced in transgenic goats (in milk) has anti-clotting properties
  • Evolutec has patents on proteins in tick saliva for use as anti-inflammatory
  • GTG in Australia has patents on non-coding human DNA for detecting risk af various diseases
  • Harvard patented cancer susceptible mouse
slide23

Examples of current patents:

  • Harvard patented cancer susceptible mouse
  • Rejected by Canadian Supreme court in 2002
slide24

The Canadian Patent Act defines "invention" as "any new and useful art, process, machine, manufacture or composition of matter, or any new and useful improvement in any art, process, machine, manufacture or composition of matter".

slide25

The Canadian Patent Act defines "invention" as "any new and useful art, process, machine, manufacture or composition of matter, or any new and useful improvement in any art, process, machine, manufacture or composition of matter".

Canadian court ruled that microorganisms, GM plants, modified DNA and cells could be patented, but not whole animal.

slide26

Examples of current patents:

  • Atryn- antithrombin produced in transgenic goats (in milk) has anti-clotting properties
  • Evolutec has patents on proteins in tick saliva for use as anti-inflammatory
  • GTG in Australia has patents on non-coding human DNA for detecting risk af various diseases
  • Harvard patented cancer susceptible mouse
  • Over 70 U.S. patents for use of Indian neem tree
slide27

Neem, say the women, helps babies sleep, keeps flies away, is a cosmetic, a disinfectant and a pesticide. Its leaves make good cattle fodder, its twigs are good for teeth and gums. It is used, they say, for snake bites, malaria, hysteria, high blood pressure, pain relief, skin diseases and a host of other ailments.

Over 70 U.S. patents for use of Indian neem tree

slide28

Neem, say the women, helps babies sleep, keeps flies away, is a cosmetic, a disinfectant and a pesticide. Its leaves make good cattle fodder, its twigs are good for teeth and gums. It is used, they say, for snake bites, malaria, hysteria, high blood pressure, pain relief, skin diseases and a host of other ailments.

Over 70 U.S. patents for use of Indian neem tree

One was rejected due to previous use in indigenous Indian culture

slide30

U.S. patent issued on cell line developed from indigenous 21 year old from New Guinea.

Possible use in treating leukemia, NIH researchers listed as inventors.

slide31

Lack of research on third world problems.(tuberculosis, malaria, cholera, dysentery…Not profitable.

slide33

Universities own patent rights for inventions on campus. Share profits with inventors.

What is the purpose of university research?

slide34

-Inquiry 2 proposals are due in lab this week-This week’s reflection should be about your inquiry 1. Do not tell me your results, but your experience carrying out your inquiry.

http://www.phdofu.com/

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