verbals and verbal phrases
Download
Skip this Video
Download Presentation
Verbals and Verbal Phrases

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 9

Verbals and Verbal Phrases - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 126 Views
  • Uploaded on

Verbals and Verbal Phrases . ELA8C1f—The student analyzes the structure of a sentence ( basic sentence parts ). What is a VERBAL?. A verb acting like another part of speech 3 types: infinitives, gerunds, and participles. Infinitives. to + a verb

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Verbals and Verbal Phrases' - jon


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
verbals and verbal phrases

Verbals and Verbal Phrases

ELA8C1f—The student analyzes the structure of a sentence (basic sentence parts).

what is a verbal
What is a VERBAL?
  • A verb acting like another part of speech
  • 3 types: infinitives, gerunds, and participles
infinitives
Infinitives
  • to + a verb
  • Can be used as a noun, an adjective, or an adverb in a sentence
  • Examples:
    • I like to read before I go to sleep.
    • Most people like to watch comedies on TV.
    • To succeed in school, you must work hard.
infinitives vs prepositional phrases
Infinitives vs. Prepositional Phrases
  • Be aware that the word TO does not always mean you have an infinitive.
  • If TO is not followed by a verb, it is NOT an infinitive.
    • I like to shop at the mall.
    • Let’s go to the mall.
  • Which sentence contains an infinitive and which sentence contains a prepositional phrase? Why?
gerunds
Gerunds
  • A verb acting like a noun
  • Always ends in –ing
  • Can be used as subjects, direct objects and indirect objects, objects of prepositions, and predicate nominatives.
gerunds continued
Gerunds continued
  • Examples
    • Swimming is my favorite sport.
    • Do you like riding horses?
    • Many students like playing basketball in PE.
  • Gerund or not?
    • The dog, carrying its bone in its mouth, ran around the house.
      • Carrying is NOT a gerund; not used as a noun
    • Smiling is an indication that a person is happy.
      • Smiling is a gerund; it is used as a noun (subject of the the sentence)
participles
Participles
  • A verb acting like an adjective
  • Often ends in –ing or –ed but occasionally ends in another way
  • Examples
    • Smiling, the teacher collected homework from her students.
    • I like ice skating on frozen ponds.
    • Barking dogs can be a nuisance.
    • The burnt popcorn made the entire house smell.
participial phrases
Participial Phrases
  • A participial phrase is a participle and all of its objects or modifiers
  • Examples
    • Rounding third base, the runner charged toward home plate.
    • The pitcher, losing control, has overthrown the ball.
    • Especially pleased, the crowd cheered loudly.
hints
Hints
  • Participles and participial phrases are almost always near the noun or pronoun they modify.
  • Participles and participial phrases can usually be taken out of a sentence and the sentence will still make sense.
    • The skilled catcher trapped the wild pitch in his mitt.
    • The catcher trapped the wild pitch in his mitt.
ad