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The Age of Enlightenment. 1700-1789. The Age of Enlightenment. A period of intellectual exchange in Europe during the 18 th century “ Progress ” A desire for political and social change. The Age of Enlightenment. What made the Enlightenment possible?. The Philosophes.

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The age of enlightenment1
The Age of Enlightenment

  • A period of intellectual exchange in Europe during the 18th century

  • “Progress”

  • A desire for political and social change


The age of enlightenment2
The Age of Enlightenment

  • What made the Enlightenment possible?


The philosophes
The Philosophes

  • Intellectuals who discussed ideas

  • Used reason to explain their world

  • Believed that Reason could improve society

  • Believed in tolerance for all religions


The philosophes1
The Philosophes


Voltaire 1694 1778
Voltaire (1694-1778)

  • French intellectual who criticized French society


John locke 1632 1704
John Locke (1632-1704)

  • Treatises on Government

  • Essay on Human Understanding

  • “Tabula Rasa”



Denis diderot 1713 1784
Denis Diderot (1713-1784)

  • Published the Encyclopedia in 1772

  • Attempt to compile information on everything




Baron de montesquieu 1689 1755
Baron de Montesquieu (1689-1755)

  • French political philosopher

  • The Spirit of the Laws



Baruch spinoza 1632 1677
Baruch Spinoza (1632-1677)

  • Jewish philosopher in Amsterdam

  • Belief in religious toleration



Jean jacques rousseau 1712 1778
Jean-Jacques Rousseau (1712-1778)

  • The Social Contract (1762)

  • The “General Will”



Adam smith 1723 1790
Adam Smith (1723-1790)

  • First modern economist

  • The Wealth of Nations (1776)

  • Laissez-Faire




Mary wollstonecraft 1759 1797
Mary Wollstonecraft (1759-1797)

  • Wrote A Vindication of the Rights of Women

  • Founder of modern feminism



The american revolution
The American Revolution

  • Was the American Revolution just a revolt against British taxation?

  • How was it based on Enlightenment principles?

  • In what ways is the Declaration of Independence based on John Locke’s Treatises on Government?


Conclusion
Conclusion

  • The Enlightenment was a period of intellectual exchange in Europe during the 18th century

  • Several factors contributed to the Enlightenment

  • Philosophes expressed desire for social and political change


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