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Social and Environment Management Framework and operational Plan for the NT2-Watershed Area (SEMFOP-1). NT2 Technical Workshops Bangkok, Tokyo, Paris, Washington D.C. and Vientiane August – September 2004 Bounsalong Southidara , Deputy Director Watershed Management and Protection Authority.

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Nt2 technical workshops bangkok tokyo paris washington d c and vientiane

Social and Environment Management Frameworkand operational Plan for the NT2-Watershed Area (SEMFOP-1)

NT2 Technical Workshops

Bangkok, Tokyo, Paris, Washington D.C. and Vientiane

August – September 2004

Bounsalong Southidara,

Deputy Director

Watershed Management and Protection Authority


What is semfop 1

What is SEMFOP-1?

A management framework and the 1st operational plan

to protect the NT2 watershed and its:

- forests

- habitats

- wildlife

- biodiversity

And to safeguard inhabitants in respect of:

- livelihoods

- culture

- wellbeing


What is semfop

What is SEMFOP?

A Shared Vision – the culmination of years of work with comments and suggestions from:

- government

- local communities

- developers and sponsors

- independent consultants

- international financial institutions

- NGO’s

…………..and it is still in progress


Nt2 technical workshops bangkok tokyo paris washington d c and vientiane

NO

NO REDUCTION IN

FOREST AREA

SELLING OF

WOOD - FOREST

NO

NO

NO

$

WATERSHEDVISION

DEFORESTATION

SELLING OF

MINERALS

SLASH & BURN

CULTIVATION

NO

SELLING OF

ANIMALS

NO NEW ROADS

WMPA VILLAGE

CONSENSUS


Objectives of semfop

Objectives of SEMFOP?

  • Protection and rehabilitation of forest cover

  • Biodiversity conservation, national park development, tourism, research

  • Strengthening of WMPA staff capacity and of local authorities

  • Livelihood improvement, poverty reduction and sustainable development

  • Prudent management and effective use of funds


Nt2 technical workshops bangkok tokyo paris washington d c and vientiane

  • SEMFOP Main Operational Area

  • Nam Theun 2 Watershed Area:

  • Nakai-Nam Theun NBCA (3,439 km2)

  • Nam Theun Corridor (513 km2 )

  • Southern Corridor (36 km2)

  • Total Area of about 4000 km2 (around 9 time of the reservoir area at full supply level)


Nt2 technical workshops bangkok tokyo paris washington d c and vientiane

What is WMPA?

It is a unique Institution established by the Prime Ministerial Decree No. 25


Nt2 technical workshops bangkok tokyo paris washington d c and vientiane

Organization of the NT2 Watershed Management and Protection Authority, and relation to its implementing partners

WMPA

Board of Directors:

1:Minister of Agriculture & Forestry (Chairman)

2: Vice Gov, Khammouane Prov. (vice-chair/standing member)

3: ViceGov. Bolikhamxay Prov, (vice chairman)4: Director of Forestry Department

5: Director of PAFO, Khammouane Province 6: A nominee of the Minister for Industry and Handicrafts

7: Director of PAFO Bolikhamsai Province 8: A nominee of the Minister of Finance

9: The Chief of Nakai District 10: A Director from a Department of STEA

11: The Chief of Khamkeut District 12: A Director from NTPC

13: A Director from LWU, Khammoune Prov 14: Rep. from donors/ intergovernmental organisations as approved by Bod

15: A Director from LWU Bolikhamxay Prov

Implementing Partners - A

Executive

Secretariat

Technical Assistance

Implementing Partners - B

Governance support

District and Provincial Administrations

Forest & Landuse Planning and Management Division

Long term TA: 1 or 2

District and Provincial Agriculture and Forestry offices

Village institutions

Seconded staff

Village Livelihood & Comm. Development Division.

Short term, recurrent TA

District and Provincial Health and Education offices

Biodiversity Monitoring, Management, Protection & Research Division

Villagers

Independent Monitoring Agency

Seconded staff

District and Provincial Army and Police

Seconded staff

(various) support and administration units

self-funded specialist organisations

Sub contracts

National Institutes, Universities


Nt2 technical workshops bangkok tokyo paris washington d c and vientiane

What are the planning and regulatory processes of SEMFOP and the WMPA?

Forest and Landuse Planning,

Allocation

and Management(FLUPAM)

Participatory Integrated Conservation and Development (PICAD)

Approach

Livelihood Development

for Conservation

(LDC)

Participatory Protected

area

Management

(PPAM)


Nt2 technical workshops bangkok tokyo paris washington d c and vientiane

Partnership

WMPA Village

PICAD

$

Conservation

Development

Participation


Nt2 technical workshops bangkok tokyo paris washington d c and vientiane

GOL

Funding

NTPC

Concession agreement

$6.5 Mil

within 6 years

$1 Mil.

Each year

- 25 years

WMPA

NGO

LGO

31 enclave villages

Peripheral Impact Zone


Summary

Summary

SEMFOP aims to protect the most important biodiversity area in Laos, and to improve and sustain the livelihood of its inhabitants


Nt2 watershed management and protection authority

NT2- Watershed Management and Protection Authority

Thank you

for your attention


Nt2 technical workshops bangkok tokyo paris washington d c and vientiane

13

No Reduction in

Forest Area

Household

Conservation

Forest

Partnership

FLUPAM

Land

UseRight

$

Co - Management

Development

WMPA Village

“SUSTAINABLE”

Agreement


Nt2 technical workshops bangkok tokyo paris washington d c and vientiane

Pride

Biodiversity

PATORY LAND USE

PARTICI

PLP

PLANNING

VillageInformationCenter

Ownership

ProtectionNetwork

PPAM

Village

Consultation

Self

Protection

Village

Agreement&Zoning

)


Nt2 technical workshops bangkok tokyo paris washington d c and vientiane

15

CONSULTATION

WMPA

Village

PROBLEMIDENTIFICATION

?

31 Villages

1,092Families

5,800People

PRIORITY

ACTION

ALTERNATIVE

LDC

ALTERNATIVE

ALTERNATIVE

VILLAGE

DEVELOPMENT

$

PLAN

ALTERNATIVE

ALTERNATIVE

CONSERVATION


Nt2 technical workshops bangkok tokyo paris washington d c and vientiane

10

1

2

3

4

5

MITIGATON

&

MANAGEMENT

THREATS

PARTNERSHIP

INEFFECTIVE

PROTECTION

WMPA

VILLAGE

PARTICIPATION

ENCLAVE

COMMUNITY

CONSERVATION

$

PICAD

DEVELOPMENT

PERIPHERAL

IMPACT VILLAGE

NGO

+

+

PICAD

LGO

PARTNERSHIP

JOINT

EXTRACTION

WILDLIFE

ANIMALS

WMPA

VILLAGE

AGREEMENT

  • INTERNATIONAL DIALOGUE

  • OPEN ACCESS TRAVEL TO NAKAI/TRADE

  • SINGLE CHECK POINT & CONTROL

  • BORDER PATROL

  • COMMUNITY EMPOWERMENT

TRANSBOUNDARY

INCURSION


Nt2 technical workshops bangkok tokyo paris washington d c and vientiane

11

6

7

8

9

MITIGATON

&

MANAGEMENT

THREATS

SINGLE POINTWELL - CONTROLED

ENTRY - EXIT

EFFICIENT

WATER - BORNE

TRANSPORT

UNCONTROLLED

ACCESS

ENCLAVEPOPULATIONSINCREASE

  • ADEQUATE AGRICULTURAL LAND

  • SELF - MOTIVATED FAMILY PLANNING

  • OUT MIGRATION YOUTH & ADULT ACCESS TO

  • EDUCATION & VOCATIONAL TRAINING

CONSERVATION

UNCLEAR “PA”

ZONATION

SYSTEM

PROTECTED

FOREST

CUSTOMARYFOREST

AGREEMENT

INTER

AGENCY

NT 2

CONTRACTOR

NTPC

PROJECT

CONSTRUCTION

  • AGREEMENT

  • ENFORCE

  • PENALTY

DISTRICTLGO

WMPA


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