Are the biblical documents reliable
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
Sponsored Links
1 / 38

Are the Biblical Documents Reliable? PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 74 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

Are the Biblical Documents Reliable?. How do we know the Bible we have today is even close to the original? Aren’t the copies through the years full of errors, embellishments, additions and deletions?. 3 Errors to Avoid. Assume Inspiration of the document Many documents “claim” inspiration

Download Presentation

Are the Biblical Documents Reliable?

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


Are the biblical documents reliable

Are the BiblicalDocuments Reliable?

How do we know the Bible we have today is even close to the original?

Aren’t the copies through the years full of errors, embellishments, additions and deletions?


3 errors to avoid

3 Errors to Avoid

  • Assume Inspiration of the document

    • Many documents “claim” inspiration

    • Our task is to prove the inspiration

    • Is is circular reasoning to assume the thing you are trying to prove.


3 errors to avoid1

3 Errors to Avoid

  • Assume Inspiration of the document

  • Their Bible looked like ours

    • Arrangement / title of books

    • Chapter and verse divisions

    • The documents are a collection of ancient source autographs.

  • Start with modern “authorities”


Is the document valid

Is the Document Valid?

  • Bibliographical – What is the textual tradition? Were many copies made and distributed?

  • Internal Evidence – What does the document claim for itself?

  • External Evidence – Does it align with other facts, dates, people?


The old testament

The Scribe

No copiers, scanners, or printing presses

Copies were made by hand – by scribes

The believed they were dealing with the Word of God

The Old Testament


The old testament1

The Scribe

The Massoretic Text

Early 10th century

Massoretes specialized in copying texts

Copy Isaiah

Then total the letters, words, lines, letters per line, etc.

The Old Testament


The old testament2

The Scribe

The Massoretic Text

They would note the middle letter of the book, middle letter of each page

All present copies of Hebrew texts come from this period

The Old Testament


The old testament3

The Scribe

The Massoretic Text

Dead Sea Scrolls

1947, clay jars containing leather scrolls were found

The city of Qumran was dedicated to making copies of Scripture

It dates from 250 BC – 100 BC

The Old Testament


The old testament4

The Scribe

The Massoretic Text

Dead Sea Scrolls

Most of the documents are dated around 250-150 BC

Major find – complete Isaiah scroll

1,000 years OLDER than oldest copy

The Old Testament


The old testament5

The Scribe

The Massoretic Text

Dead Sea Scrolls

There was no significant difference in the documents that are 1,000 years apart

There were no textual changes

Only a few minor errors

The Old Testament


The old testament6

The Scribe

The Massoretic Text

Dead Sea Scrolls

The Septuagint

Septuagint – often called LXX (70)

There were 70 Jewish scholars

Greek translation of the Old Testament

In Alexandria, Egypt about 200 BC

Jesus quoted from it

The Old Testament


The new testament

Manuscript Evidence

There are more than 4,000 different manuscripts containing all or most of the NT

They are written on different materials

The New Testament


The new testament1

Manuscript Evidence

Papyrus & Parchment

Papyrus – reed, split, pressed, made a durable “paper”

Parchment – sheep or goat skin – split to very thin

Parchment was very expensive and only used for important documents

The New Testament


The new testament2

Manuscript Evidence

Papyrus & Parchment

Examples

Codex Vaticanus – Codex Siniaticus – Parchment copies of the entire NT (325 – 450 AD)

The New Testament


The new testament3

Manuscript Evidence

Papyrus & Parchment

Examples

Older Papyrii – Earlier fragments (180-225 AD)

Chester Beatty Papyrus (P45, P46, P47) – Luke, John, Rom., 1 & 2 Cor., Gal., Eph., Phil., Col., 1 & 2 Thess., Heb. - and parts of Matt., Mark, Acts, and Rev.

The New Testament


The new testament4

Manuscript Evidence

Papyrus & Parchment

Examples

Oldest fragment – Rylands Papyrus (P52) – John 18:31-33, 37

It dates at 130 AD

Found in Egypt

All of this evidence creates a bridge back to the first century

The New Testament


The new testament5

Manuscript Evidence

Papyrus & Parchment

Examples

Versions

In addition to Greek manuscripts –

There are more than 1,000 translations – Syria, Coptic, Armenian, Gothic, Ethiopic

Also about 8,000 Latin Vulgate (384-400 AD)

The New Testament


The new testament6

Manuscript Evidence

Papyrus & Parchment

Examples

Versions

Church Fathers

Many writers (100-450 AD)

Some were students of or traveled with an apostle

ALL of the NT is quoted by the church fathers

Except 11 verses!

The New Testament


A comparison

A Comparison


A comparison1

A Comparison


The anvil

The Anvil

Last eve I passed beside a blacksmith's doorAnd heard the anvil ring the vesper chime:Then looking in, I saw upon the floorOld hammers, worn with beating years of time.


The anvil1

The Anvil

"How many anvils have you had," said I,"To wear and batter all these hammers so?""Just one," said he, and then, with twinkling eye,"The anvil wears the hammers out, you know."


The anvil2

The Anvil

And so, thought I, the anvil of God's word,For ages skeptic blows have beat upon;Yet though the noise of falling blows was heard,The anvil is unharmed . . . the hammer's gone. Author unknown


Inspiration

Inspiration

  • Define: Inspiration

    • Greek – God breathed in

    • God gave the thoughts, ideas and the very words to express those ideas

    • God chose the words from the writer’s vocabulary to express His thoughts


Inspiration1

Inspiration

  • The original autographs ARE inspired

  • Copies of the original are not inspired

  • Translations are not inspired

  • The translators are not inspired

  • Does this mean we can’t have trust in the Bible? Not at all.


Changes

Changes

  • Dittography – Writing twice what should have been written once – latter instead of later; good instead of god; too instead of to; my, my instead of my

  • Fission – Improperly dividing one word into two words – nowhere becomes now here


Changes1

Changes

  • Fusion – Combining two words to form one – there in becomes therein

  • Haplography – Writing once what should be written twice – later instead of latter; god instead of good, my instead of my, my.


Changes2

Changes

  • Homophony – Writing a word with a different meaning when both words have the same pronunciation – deer for dear; die for dye

  • Transposition – The reversing of letter order – stop for pots; no for on; pot for top


26 documents

26 Documents


26 documents1

26 Documents


26 documents2

26 Documents


26 documents3

26 Documents


26 documents4

26 Documents


Copying checks

Copying Checks

  • In English we have letters “a, b, c, d” and we have numbers “1, 2, 3, 4”

  • Greek and Hebrew uses letters for numbers – A=1, B=2, C=3, D=4

  • Similar in English with the letter o and the number 0. The context will tell if it is a letter or number


Bottom line

Bottom Line

  • The biblical copies are so accurate that all of the biblical documents are 98.5% textually pure.

  • The Dead Sea Scroll of Isaiah was 1,000 years older than any previous copy, but was over 95% textually identical.


Bottom line1

Bottom Line

  • We have more than 5,000 Greek manuscripts of the NT

  • We also have 19,000 manuscripts of ancient origin translations

  • All of the NT is quoted by the early church fathers (except 11 verses)

  • The NT is very well preserved


Bottom line2

Bottom Line

  • It is obvious that the NT is far better preserved than an other ancient text

  • People have no problem believing in Caesar, Plato, Aristotle

  • Historians quote Josephus as a Jewish historian


Bottom line3

Bottom Line

  • There is more evidence for Jesus’ Sermon on the Mount than for the Gettysburg Address by Abraham Lincoln


  • Login