What is poetry
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What is poetry?. It means many things to many people. “Its the spontaneous overflow of powerful feelings.” "Poetry is what makes me laugh or cry or yawn, what makes my toenails twinkle, what makes me want to do this or that or nothing.". Poetic Terms. Rhyme. Rhymes. Spaghetti! Spaghetti

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What is poetry?

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What is poetry

What is poetry?

  • It means many things to many people.

  • “Its the spontaneous overflow of powerful feelings.”

  • "Poetry is what makes me laugh or cry or yawn, what makes my toenails twinkle, what makes me want to do this or that or nothing."


What is poetry

Poetic Terms


What is poetry

Rhyme


Rhymes

Rhymes

Spaghetti! Spaghetti

Spaghetti! Spaghetti!

You’re wonderful stuff,

I love you, spaghetti,

I can’t get enough.

You’re covered with sauce

And you’re sprinkled with cheese,

Spaghetti! Spaghetti!

Oh, give me some please.

Jack Prelutsky


Simile

Simile


Simile1

Simile

A figure of speech involving a comparison between unlike things using like, as, or as though.

Example:

"My love is like a red, red rose.“

“She is glowing as bright as the sun.”


Metaphor

Metaphor


Metaphor1

Metaphor

A comparison between essentially unlike things without an explicitly comparative word such as like or as.

Example:

"My love is a red, red rose,“

“He is a stone wall”


What is poetry

Onomatopoeia


Onomatopoeia

Onomatopoeia

The use of words to imitate the sounds they describe. Words such as buzz and crack are onomatopoetic.

Example:

POW! BAM! SNAP!


What is poetry

Alliteration


Alliteration

Alliteration

The repetition of consonant sounds, especially at the beginning of words.

Example:

- She sells sea shells by the sea shore. (An old tongue-twister).


What is poetry

Bugs Bunny


What is poetry

  • Baseball Bugs: "Watch me paste this pathetic palooka with a powerful paralyzing perfect pachydermous percussion pitch!"


What is poetry

Personification


Personification

Personification

A poetic device giving human attributes to an inhuman thing (animal).

Example:- "The tree jumped into the road in front of my car"- "With an evil scowl, the storm cloud thundered its disapproval"- The car froged ahead with determination.


Assonance

Assonance


Assonance1

Assonance

  • The repetition of similar vowels in the stressed syllables of successive words.

  • Example: Reeses Pieces


Hyperbole

Hyperbole

A figure of speech involving exaggeration.

Example:

I’ve told you a million times!

I haven’t talked to you in forever!


What is poetry

Imagery


Imagery

Imagery

  • Involves one or more of your 5 senses (hearing, taste, touch, smell, sight)

  • An author uses a word or phrase to stimulate your memory of those senses.

  • These memories can be positive or negative which will contribute to the mood of a poem.


Example of rhythm

Example of Rhythm

Humpty Dumpty sat on a wall

Humpty Dumpty had a great fall

and of all the king’s horses and all of the

King’s men

couldn’t put Humpty Dumpty together

again.


Practice your rhythm

Practice Your Rhythm

Clankity Clankity Clankity Clank!

Ankylosaurus was built like a tank,

Its hide was a fortress as sturdy as steel,

It tended to be an inedible meal.

It was armored in front, it was armored behind,

There wasn’t a thing on its minuscule mind,

It waddled about on its four stubby legs,

Nibbling on plants with a mouthful of pegs.

Ankylosaurus was best left alone,

Its tail was a cudgel of gristle and bone,

Clankity Clankity Clankity Clank!

Ankylosaurus was built like a tank.

By: Jack Prelutsky


Symbol

Symbol


What is poetry

Oxymoron


Oxymoron

Oxymoron

  • Contradictory terms appear side by side.

    Example:

    - “A yawn may be defined as a silent yell.”

    - Open secret

    - Living dead

    - Hell’s Angels

    - Jumbo shrimp


What is poetry

Repetition


Repetition

Repetition

  • A word or a sentence that is used more than once.

    Example:

    Inside the oceanI see fish.Inside the wavesI hear a splash.Inside the waterI felt a fish.It seems so big,as big as a whale.It has to be,But then I see,It's a tuna fish.


What is poetry

I Wanna Hold your Hand


I want to hold your hand

I Want to Hold your Hand

Oh yeah, I'll tell you something

I think you'll uderstand,

When I say that something,

I wanna hold your hand,

I wanna hold your hand,

I wanna hold your hand.

Oh please say to me

You'll let me be your man,

And please say to me, You'll let me hold your hand,

Now let me hold your hand.

And when I touch you I feel happy inside,

It's such a feeling

That my love I can't hide,

I can't hide, I can't hide.


What is poetry

Yeah you got that something,

I think you'll understand,

When I say that something,

I wanna hold your hand,

I wanna hold your hand,

I wanna hold your hand.

Yeah you got that something,

I think you'll understand,

When I feel that something,

I wanna hold your hand,

I wanna hold your hand,

I wanna hold your hand.

--J. Lennon/P. McCartney


What is poetry

Allusion


Allusion

Allusion

  • Stimulates ideas, associations and extra information in the reader’s mind with only a word or two.

  • Means ‘reference’

  • It relies on the reader being able to understand the allusion and being familiar with all of the meaning hidden behind words.


Allusion1

Allusion

  • Ex: “Christy didn’t like to spend money. She was no Scrooge, but she seldom purchased anything except the bare necessities.”

  • Allusion: Scrooge. Image should be someone who pinches pennies.


Allusion2

Allusion

  • Carlos used Herculean strength to lift the sofa off his cat’s tail.

  • Allusion: Hercules.

    Someone who is very

    strong.


What is poetry

Point of View


What is poetry

The job of the poet is to bring the reader/listener into the position of the poet; make them the creator of the action.

  • The most obvious point of view is probably first person or "I."

  • The omniscient narrator knows everything, may reveal the motivations, thoughts and feelings of the characters, and gives the reader information.

  • With a limited omniscient narrator, the material is presented from the point of view of a character, in third person.

  • The objective point of view presents the action and the characters' speech, without comment or emotion. The reader has to interpret them and uncover their meaning.


Symbolism

Symbolism


Meter

Meter


What is poetry

  • A rhythm of accented and unaccented syllables which are organized into patterns, called feet. In English poetry, the most common meters are these:

  • Iambic: a foot consisting of an unaccented and accented syllable. Shakespeare often uses iambic, for example the beginning of Hamlet's speech (the accented syllables are italicized), "To be or not to be. Listen for the accents in this line from Marlowe, "Come live with me and be my love." English seems to fall naturally into iambic patterns, for it is the most common meter in English.

  • Trochaic: a foot consisting of an accented and unaccented syllable. Longfellow's Hiawatha uses this meter, which can quickly become singsong (the accented syllable is italicized): "By the shores of GitcheGumeeBy the shining Big-Sea-water."


What is poetry

Different types of


What is a rhyming poem

What is a Rhyming Poem?

  • A rhyming poem is a verse poem that contains rhyming words at the end of certain lines.


What is poetry

  • Example: Night time

  • by Lee Bennet Hopkins

    How do dreams know

    when to creep

    into my head

    when I fall off

    to Sleep?


The purpose of rhyming poems

The Purpose of Rhyming Poems

  • Rhyming poems are used mainly for humor. These poems are fun to read.

  • Lets see some more poems with rhymes.


Rhyming scheme

Rhyming Scheme

  • Common rhyme schemes are: ABAB, ABCD. If you have more than one verse you could consider: AABA BBCB CCDC etc. or similar.


What is rhythm

What is Rhythm?

  • Any poem has the chance of having rhythm.

  • A poem has rhythm if the reader of the poem gives the poem rhythm.

  • For a poem to have rhythm, it has to be read following a pattern with its syllables. For example:

    da, da, dadada da da, da, da, dadada da da,

    da, da, dadada da da, da, da, dadada da da.


Stanza

Stanza

  • A fix number of lines of verse forming a unit of a poem.

  • Each stanza is its own unit.

  • Indicates a break between thoughts, actions or concepts.

  • Some different types of stanzas are...


Couplet

Couplet

  • Stanzas of only 2 lines that usually rhyme.

    Example:

    Whether or not we find what we are seeking is idle, biologically speaking.


The couplet

The Couplet


Quatrain

Quatrain

  • Four line stanza.

    Oh the birds are singing,

    In a nest of broken sticks,Look what they are bringing,It's nutrition for their chicks.


Cinquain

Cinquain

  • Five line stanza.

  • 1st line: one word giving the title.

  • 2nd line: 2 words describing the title.

  • 3rd line: 3 words describing the action.

  • 4th line: 4 words describing the feeling.

  • 5th line: another word for the title.


What is poetry

Dog

Black and White

Wags his tail

Fun to play with

Friend.

Hamburgers

Thick, juicy

Delicious, scrumptious, yummy

Better still with relish

McDonalds


What is poetry

Haiku


What is poetry

  • Write about everyday things.

  • Themes: nature, feelings or experiences.

  • Simple words and grammar.

  • No rhyme....they paint. (imagery)

    3 lines.

  • 1st line: 5 syllables.

  • 2nd line: 7 syllables.

  • 3rd line: 5 syllables.


What is poetry

  • A Rainbow.

    Curving up, then down.

    Meeting blue sky and green earth.

    Melding sun and rain.

  • Nature

    Frogs jumping around

    Frogs hopping away from snakes

    Frogs doing cool tricks.


Verse

Verse

  • One line of poetry.


Found poem

Found Poem

  • Each word in the poem has been ‘found’ and put together to make a poem. For example, I am currently sitting on my couch, and will write for you a found poem:

    27, Innocent Man, Canadian,

    How to attract more love

    200 mg, exact.


Stream of consciousness response

Stream of Consciousness Response

  • Write as many thoughts and feelings as we can without worrying about spelling or grammar.

  • All the thoughts in our heads; these thoughts and feelings happen so fast we often don’t write them down.

  • The Addict


The problem maker

The Problem Maker

  • Ask ask ask (asking questions)

  • To understand poems it is important to ask questions about details in the poem.

  • 5 W’s

  • Who? What? When? Where? Why?


Ask as many questions as you can

Ask as many questions as you can...

But

As the hand of love

Freely extended

Always returns

Covered with scars

(if not nailed to the cross),

It is not stupid to refuse the cure

It is not stupid

To remain paralyzed,

Stuck on the pallet.

But

It is boring.


Concrete poem

Concrete Poem

  • 2 types:

    • A free verse poem in the shape of what it is describing or in the shape of something related to the topic.

      2) A one word poem in the shape of what it is.


Concrete

Concrete


Narrative

Narrative

  • Plot

  • Short or long

  • Tells a story

  • “A story told in poetic form”


What is poetry

  • SUMMER

      Why am I here?I told them not to sign me up.I ran out of 6th period yesterdayKnowing a journey had begun.Mighty Ducks was so cool last night.Jumping up and down on the bed.Singing We Are The Champions.Now I am here in camp.First day-Sitting on the groundAs the other kids talk.Wait a minute--bright idea…Opening my bag, I take out the Super Soaker.Squirt! -smile- Two kids are wet.I run as they come after me.The Counselor sees me.This cute girl sees me—wow, she’s hot.Squirt! She’s wet :)This camp might not be so bad.Just one week and I’ll be done…In the gym, some days aheadWe are playing basketball.My ball bounces off the rim and rolls to a big kid.I squirted you!He grabs my ball and punts it across the court.Hey! Not fair.


What is poetry

  • Maybe he was mad because at lunch I wasAlso trying to talk to this girl we both liked.She gave me a kiss on the cheek.Lip next time, ohh yeah!Friday, yes, Friday—almost there.Pool day.We travel to a place where other campers meet.Everyone jumps in.I wait and cannonball. Water splashes! Commotion!-Contests-The bigger splash.Pouring “rain”.Pool tackling.The big guy comes after me under the pool.Thank you, goggles.I see other kids underwater.Some jumping down in many bubbles.The girl,whoa! The girl from lunch!She kisses me under the water.Ohh yeah!I got my wish….(I’m a bird flying towards the sun in sweet bliss—harmony------wait..wait!)The big kid grabs me out from underwater, goggles slide off.He throws me to the other side of the pool. My, he’s strong.Bodybuilder wanna-be!!Climbing out of the poolThe breeze welcomes me.I pose my muscles amid the watery chaos (hggh!)I am the Champion.


What is poetry

Free Verse


Free verse

Free Verse

  • Doesn't have to have a rhyme scheme or rhythm.

  • The theme is the most important.

  • It pays less attention to the normal grammatical patterns of the English sentence.

  • Sentence fragments may be used.

  • Should have impact on the reader.

  • The arrangement is well thought out


The ballad

The Ballad

  • Ballad Poems are poems that tells a story similar to a folk tale or legend and often has a repeated refrain. A ballad is often about love and often sung. A ballad is a story in poetic form.

  • Death

  • Supernatural


What is poetry

  • Simple language

  • Narrative

  • Repetition

  • Rhyme

  • Song like

  • Dialogue

  • Folk

  • Literary


What is poetry

Cats in the Cradle


What is poetry

  • 5 line poem

  • Rhyme: AABBA

  • Funny


An example of a limerick

An Example of a Limerick

What is a limerick, Mother?

It's a form of verse, said brother

In which lines one and two

Rhyme with five when it's through

And three and four rhyme with each other.

author unknown


Limerick

Limerick

There was an Old Man in a tree,Who was horribly bored by a Bee;When they said, 'Does it buzz?'He replied, 'Yes, it does!''It's a regular brute of a Bee!'


Limerick1

Limerick

There was a Young Lady whose chin,Resembled the point of a pin;So she had it made sharp,And purchased a harp,And played several tunes with her chin.


Limerick2

Limerick

There was an Old Man with a nose,Who said, 'If you choose to suppose,That my nose is too long,You are certainly wrong!'That remarkable Man with a nose


Diamante

diamante

  • 1 word- subject

  • 2 words- adjectives

  • 3 words- participles (ing)

  • 4 words- nouns

  • 3 words- participles

  • 2 words- adjectives

  • 1 word- noun (opposite or example of the subject)


What is poetry

Ornament

Glistening, bright

Hanging, sparkling, falling

Tinsel, popcorn, lights, berries

Shining, breaking, cracked

Wrecked, ruined

Star


Tanka

Tanka

  • Japanese poetry.

  • 5 lines with a total of 31 syllables.

  • 5-7-5-7-7 division.

  • Nature and seasons.


What is poetry

Where is the white snow? (5)

It is time for it I know? (7)

I go on looking (5)

On the hill, over the brook (7)

But the snow is hiding still (7)


Types of rhyming poems

Types of Rhyming Poems

There are many types of rhyming poems.

Here are names of some of them:

  • The Couplet

  • The Limerick

  • The Ballad Stanza (including the short and long)

  • Octaves


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