MORE AP COMPARATIVE GOVT THEORY. Covering the 6 Major Topics. Presentation based on Ethel Wood’s APCG&P : An Essential Coursebook & Study Guide, 3rd Edition. SIX MAJOR TOPICS. TOPIC ONE: THE COMPARATIVE METHOD TOPIC TWO: SOVEREIGNTY, AUTHORITY & POWER
6 Major Topics
Presentation based on Ethel Wood’s
APCG&P: An Essential Coursebook & Study Guide, 3rd Edition
PATRON CLIENTELISM: a system in which the state provides specific benefits or favors to a single person or small group in return for public support
Relies on individual patronage rather than organizations…(Ex. Mexico, Nigeria, Iran, etc.
PARASTATALS: state owned or semi-owned businesses (Ex: PEMEX, PETROBRAS, etc.)
In democracies with nationalized industries directors are state officials advised by councils elected by major interest groups.
In democracies, industries may not be nationalized, but lots of regulatory decisions are made through direct cooperation between government agencies and interests (Ex: Scandinavian countries social & economic policies crafted through negotiations between interest groups and govt agencies, Costa Rica and Eco-turism)
EQUALITY OF OPPORTUNITY over EQUALITY OF RESULT
Formulate, debate and vote on political policies
Control the budget (fundraising and spending)
May appoint officials in the executive and judicial branches or vote to approve them
May serve as court of appeal (like British House of Commons)