The chicano movement
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Chicano Beginnings = Mexican-American cultural emergence = Political movement and farm worker reform = social protest movment/educational opportunity Today: = Chicano Studies programs = La Raza Advocacy group = Literature / Media. The Chicano Movement.

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The Chicano Movement

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The chicano movement

Chicano

Beginnings

= Mexican-American cultural emergence

= Political movement and farm worker reform

= social protest movment/educational opportunity

Today:

= Chicano Studies programs

= La Raza Advocacy group

= Literature / Media

The Chicano Movement


The chicano movement

Chicano/Mexican American Cultural Emergence

Reies López Tijerina: land grant movement, New Mexico

Fought to convince the Federal Gov. to honor the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo (1848) – return lands taken by treaty to local population.

Affirmation of cultural identity(Aztec myths such as that of Aztlan = mythical Chicano homeland).


The chicano movement

Chicano/Mexican American Civil Rights Movement

  • Reies López Tijerina

    1926 - 2009

    Founder: Alianza Federal de Pueblos Libres/Federal Alliance of Land Grants NM

    Wanted: to reclaim ownership of land b/c

    Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo 1848 guaranteed Mexican citizens their land.

    Tried to use the courts of NM but ruling was:

    US Congress has the authority to deal with land rights based on international treaties.


The chicano movement

Chicano/Aztlan Homeland

  • Aztlan

  • Mythical homeland of the Aztecs

    According to Aztecs came from northern Mexico (what today is SW USA)

    Establishes a link between Mexican Americans of SW and ancient 'homeland'

    Establishes a history for Mexican Americans as distinct from Mexicans & Americans.


Chicano farm workers union

Chicano Farm Workers Union

Cesar Chavez

organized farm workers in the central valley of California (San Joaquin Valley)

farm worker self determination – right to organize a union and elect representatives

Accomplished by strikes, boycotts, and pilgrimages,

Important: commitment to nonviolence (based on MLK, Gandhi)


Chicano social protest education movement

Chicano: Social Protest/Education Movement

  • Schools Boycotts & Walkouts

  • Begins 1968 in LA/ Later Crystal City TX

  • catalysts for the walk outs

    high drop out rate,

    crumbling schools,

    lack of Mexican American teachers

    punishments for speaking Spanish


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