2. OUTLINE. Definitione-Governance ModelE-Governance GoalsE-Governance ComponentsBenefits of E-GovernanceImplementation Areas of e-GovernanceChallengesExamples. 3. "Good governance is perhaps the single most important factor in eradicating poverty and promoting development."
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1. E-Governance for Improved Service Delivery Free State SMS Conference30 August 2007 Pattie Tlagadi
2. 2 OUTLINE Definition
Benefits of E-Governance
Implementation Areas of e-Governance
4. 4 Definition e-Governance is the public sector’s use of information and communication technologies with the aim of improving information and service delivery, encouraging citizen participation in the decision-making process and making government more accountable, transparent and effective
5. 5 Definition …….cont E-Governance involves new styles of leadership, new ways of debating and deciding policy and investment, new ways of accessing education, new ways of listening to citizens and new ways of organising and delivering information and services.
6. 6 Definition …….cont. Typically, this would mean web-enabled applications, but e-Governance would also cater to automated applications for the government sector, which helps in achieving SMART governance which some define as - Simple Moral AccountableResponsive and Transparent Governance
7. 7 E-Governance Model
8. 8 E-Governance Model….cont Phase 1: Information
In the first phase e-governance means being present on the web, providing the external public (G2C and G2B) with relevant information. The format of the first government websites is similar to that of a brochure or leaflet. The value to the public is that government information is publicly accessible; processes are described and thus become more transparent, which improves democracy and service.
9. 9 E-Governance Model….cont Phase 2: Interaction
In the second phase the interaction between government and the public (G2C and G2B) is stimulated with various applications. People can ask questions via e-mail, use search engines for information and are able to download all sorts of forms and documents. These functionalities save time. In fact the complete intake of (simple) applications can be done online 24/7. Normally this would have only been possible at a counter during opening hours.
10. 10 E-Governance Model….cont Phase 3: Transaction
With phase three the complexity of the technology is increasing, but customer (G2C and G2B) value will also be higher. Complete transactions can be done without going to an office.
Examples of online services are filing income tax, filing property tax, extending/renewal of licenses, visa and passports and online voting. Phase three is mainly complex because of security and personalization issues – e.g., digital (electronic) signatures are necessary to enable legal transfer of services. On the business side the government is starting with e-procurement applications.
11. 11 E-Governance Model….cont Phase 4: Transformation
The fourth phase is the transformation phase in which all information systems are integrated and the public can get G2C and G2B services at one (virtual) counter. One single point of contact for all services is the ultimate goal.
The complex aspect in reaching this goal is mainly on the internal side, e.g. the necessity to drastically change culture, processes and responsibilities within the government institution (G2G). Government employees in different departments have to work together in a smooth and seamless way.
12. 12 E-Governance Goals Improve the internal organisational processes of governments
Provide better information and service delivery
Increase government transparency in order to reduce corruption
Reinforce political credibility and accountability
Promote democratic practices through public participation and consultation
13. 13 Components of e-Governance Government – to – Government (G2G)
Government – to – Citizen (G2C)
Government – to – Business (G2B)
14. 14 Components of e-Governance…..cont
15. 15 Benefits of e-Governance Efficiency gains :
Governance that is cheaper: producing the same outputs at lower total cost.
Governance that does more: producing more outputs at the same total cost.
Governance that is quicker: producing the same outputs at the same total cost in less time.
Governance that works better: producing the same outputs at the same total cost in the same time, but to a higher quality standard.
Governance that is innovative: producing new outputs.
16. 16 Impact of Technology 24/7 Service Model
Systems and processes have to be adapted to a completely new service model. Processes are made self-service and even in the middle of the night a citizen should get an immediate (automated) response about the status of the application.
With the implementation of e-governance IT will become more and more important in government operations. The need for a professional IT department will inevitable increase, not only during implementation, but also for maintenance of software, hardware and infrastructure.
17. 17 Impact of Technology……cont Need for Content
Websites consist of content (information). Governments will have to collect (buy), produce and update content daily. In phase 1 content will be static, but in phase 2 content will be changing every day. Content managers in each (large) department are responsible for the information on
18. 18 Implementation Areas of e-Governance e-administration- refers to improving of government processes and of the internal workings of the public sector with new ICT-executed information processes.
e-services- refers to improved delivery of public services to citizens. Some examples of interactive services are: requests for public documents, requests for legal documents and certificates, issuing permits and licenses.
e-democracy- implies greater and more active citizen participation and involvement enabled by ICTs in the decision-making process
19. 19 Implementation Approach of e-Governance
20. 20 Implementation Approach of e-Governance……..cont Vision: E-governance Policy
Before starting with projects a commonly accepted vision is required. What is the goal that should be achieved with e-governance implementations?
21. 21 Implementation Approach of e-Governance……..cont Strategy: Framework for Action
The strategy consists of plans that translate the vision into practical projects.
22. 22 Challenges Insufficient Telecoms Infrastructure
Unaffordable Internet Services
Limited ICT Human Capacity
Funding – e-governance is capital intensive
Legal Framework that supports and recognizes digital communication
24. KE A LEBOHATHANK YOU