Fifth street over the great miami river dayton ohio
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Aesthetic Enhancements Through the Community Workshop Process. Fifth Street over the Great Miami River Dayton, Ohio. Presentation By:Jeffrey L. Griffin, PE Burgess & Niple, Inc. Project Location. Site Description.

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Fifth Street over the Great Miami River Dayton, Ohio

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Fifth street over the great miami river dayton ohio

Aesthetic Enhancements Through the

Community Workshop Process

Fifth Street over the Great Miami RiverDayton, Ohio

Presentation By:Jeffrey L. Griffin, PE

Burgess & Niple, Inc.

Project location

Project Location

Site description

Site Description

  • Fifth Street Bridge connects downtown Dayton to the historic Wright Dunbar area, home of the Wright Brothers and poet Paul Laurence Dunbar.

  • The bridge carries approximately 15,000 vehicles per day and significant pedestrian traffic from the adjacent Sinclair Community College campus.

  • The bridge is a vital and highly visible transportation link for the city.

Former bridge site photographs

Looking east, towards downtown Dayton

Former Bridge - Site Photographs

Looking west, towards Wright-Dunbar district

Former bridge

Former Bridge

  • The former Fifth Street Bridge was a closed spandrel - filled arch structure constructed in 1916.

  • The bridge consisted of seven spans and was approximately 620 feet in length.

  • It was owned and maintained by the Ohio Department of Transportation (ODOT).

Former bridge1

Former Bridge

New bridge appearance

New Bridge Appearance

  • ODOT Scope of Services – “Aesthetic values will be incorporated in the design. Possibilities include lighting, color, texture, and patterns”

  • Funding for aesthetic enhancements was limited

  • Build bridge desired by community with money ODOT was willing to spend ($7.3 million)

Process for determining aesthetic enhancements

Process for Determining Aesthetic Enhancements

  • Conduct Opinion Leader interviews

  • Determine potential aesthetic opportunities, based on interviews

  • Conduct workshop with community leaders to discuss design preferences for new bridge

  • Develop renderings based on workshop input

  • Conduct second workshop to finalize aesthetic enhancements

  • Develop design based on second workshop input

Opinion leader interviews

Opinion Leader Interviews

  • Question: “What does the community want to see after the new bridge is built?”

  • City of Dayton, Sinclair Community College, and Dayton Chamber of Commerce were interviewed, among others.

  • Answer: “Give us an arched bridge.”

Potential aesthetic opportunities

Potential Aesthetic Opportunities

  • Other Great Miami River bridges in Dayton

  • Architectural influences in downtown area

  • Modern, Victorian, Classical, and Art Deco exist in close proximity to bridge

  • Architectural style impacts railing, lighting, and concrete color and texture

Dayton s great miami river bridges

Stewart Street Bridge

(Built 1910-1911)

Dayton’s Great Miami River Bridges

Washington Street Bridge

(Built 1905-1906)

Dayton s great miami river bridges1

Dayton’s Great Miami River Bridges

Monument Avenue


(Built 1908-1909)

Edwin C. Moses

Boulevard Bridge

(Built 1925-1926)

Architectural influences

Architectural Influences

Art Deco



Architectural influences modern sinclair community college

Architectural Influences – ModernSinclair Community College

Architectural influences victorian wright dunbar

Architectural Influences – VictorianWright Dunbar

Architectural influences classical

Architectural Influences - Classical

Workshop 1 determine design preferences

Workshop #1 – Determine Design Preferences

  • Describe scope of project

  • Display images of project area (both bridges and architectural styles of buildings)

  • Present examples of aesthetically-enhanced railing, lighting, and concrete color/texture from other bridges

  • Reach consensus on style (classical and art deco were preferred)

  • Ten different agencies were represented at Workshop #1

Develop renderings based on workshop 1 input

Develop Renderings Based on Workshop #1 Input

  • Criteria

    • Unique

    • Conventional materials

    • Construction “friendly”

    • Cost effective

  • Previous experience aesthetic detail development

  • Numerous iterations/debates/arguments

  • B&N team included an architect, a graphic artist, bridge engineers, and other interested observers

  • Still friends afterward

Classical styling

Classical Styling

Art deco styling

Art Deco Styling

Similarities between classical and art deco

Similarities Between Classical and Art Deco

  • Both used conventional concrete I-beam interior beams with spliced haunched fascia girders for arched bridge appearance

  • Both utilized conventional materials and construction methods

  • Both met ODOT cost objectives for project

Workshop 2 finalize aesthetic enhancements

Workshop #2 – Finalize Aesthetic Enhancements

  • Renderings presented for classical and art deco styling

  • Recorded comments and preference from each workshop participant

  • Both received positive comments from nearly everyone

  • Art deco most preferred

  • Community grateful for opportunity to participate in design process

Interior beams

Interior Beams

Fascia girder transportation

Fascia Girder Transportation

Temporary shoring

Temporary Shoring



Pier pylons

Pier Pylons

Construction costs

Construction Costs

  • Construction of the Fifth Street Bridge was completed in 2003.

  • The total construction cost for the project was approximately $6.7 million.

  • The cost of the new bridge alone (not including removal of the existing bridge) was $5.4 million, or $97 per square foot of bridge deck.

  • The cost of the bridge superstructure was $3.0 million, or $54 per square foot of bridge deck.

Design awards pci 2004 design award 2004 pca bridge design award of excellence

Design Awards – PCI 2004 Design Award, 2004 PCA Bridge Design Award of Excellence

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