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Imperialism in South Asia

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Imperialism in South Asia. The Mughal Empire =. Muslim—ruled most of India & Pakistan 16 th --17th c . Brought Islam to S.Asia. Muslim Changes to India: consolidated small kingdoms (Muslim & Hindu) religious tolerance-- mostly A style of architecture (Taj Mahal).

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Presentation Transcript
slide2

The Mughal Empire =

  • Muslim—ruled most of India & Pakistan 16th--17th c.
  • Brought Islam to S.Asia
  • Muslim Changes to India:
    • consolidated small kingdoms (Muslim & Hindu)
    • religious tolerance-- mostly
    • A style of architecture
    • (Taj Mahal)
slide4

Hinduism under Muslim Rule

Hindu = majority religion

in region

Mughals = tolerant of Hindus

but differences between H

& M = tension(based on different ideas, customs, culture, beliefs)

slide5

Brits in India

British East

India Co. =

Not Brit gov’t…but almost…

  • Came to trade in 17th c. (spices, tea, cloth, silk etc.)
  • BEI paid Mughal rulers to have control of land & ppl from ME which was growing weak b/c of internal fighting
  • BEI = VERY important to GB economy = GB
  • protected interests of BEI ( “Jewel in the Crown”)
slide6

BEI = so powerful, had paid army—Indian Sepoys—British officers were in charge of sepoys whose job it was to protect the land

  • Brits made some improvements (railroad, tech.)…but mistreated ppl
  • (Social Darwinism)
slide7

Sepoy Mutiny

  • Sepoys revolted (1st Indian Revolution) b/c BEI Co. did not respect Indian beliefs…
  • Hindu v. Muslim split = could not beat GB
  • GB gov’t took all control of India (The Raj 1757—1947)
slide8

The Dutch

  • Dutch East India Co. =
  • Purpose = resources &
  • trade (same old story …)
  • Land seized =
  • islands in Indian Ocean
  • & S. China Sea (present
  • day Indonesia)
  • GB fought for Malaysia
  • --won (shocking! The
  • British took more land!
  • Unbelievable!)
slide9

Dutch = v. strict rulers—forced plantation work

  • Native ppl had to use 1/5th of own land for export crops (native ppl were given no choice)
slide10

The French

  • Fr grabbed Indochina
  • (Vietnam, Laos, &
  • Cambodia)
  • Fr imposed their culture
  • in region—upset local
  • ppl
  • Major religion = Buddhism, Fr forced conversion to Christianity
slide11

Impact of Imperialism on S. Asia

  • Econ of Eur = HUGE
  • growth
  • Some improvements in region (health, sanitation, transportation)
  • Clash of major world religions = still issues
  • today
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