Imperialism in South Asia
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Imperialism in South Asia. The Mughal Empire =. Muslim—ruled most of India & Pakistan 16 th --17th c . Brought Islam to S.Asia. Muslim Changes to India: consolidated small kingdoms (Muslim & Hindu) religious tolerance-- mostly A style of architecture (Taj Mahal).

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The Mughal Empire =

  • Muslim—ruled most of India & Pakistan 16th--17th c.

  • Brought Islam to S.Asia

  • Muslim Changes to India:

    • consolidated small kingdoms (Muslim & Hindu)

    • religious tolerance-- mostly

    • A style of architecture

    • (Taj Mahal)


Hinduism under Muslim Rule

Hindu = majority religion

in region

Mughals = tolerant of Hindus

but differences between H

& M = tension(based on different ideas, customs, culture, beliefs)


Brits in India

British East

India Co. =

Not Brit gov’t…but almost…

  • Came to trade in 17th c. (spices, tea, cloth, silk etc.)

  • BEI paid Mughal rulers to have control of land & ppl from ME which was growing weak b/c of internal fighting

  • BEI = VERY important to GB economy = GB

  • protected interests of BEI ( “Jewel in the Crown”)



  • Sepoy Mutiny

  • Sepoys revolted (1st Indian Revolution) b/c BEI Co. did not respect Indian beliefs…

  • Hindu v. Muslim split = could not beat GB

  • GB gov’t took all control of India (The Raj 1757—1947)


The Dutch

  • Dutch East India Co. =

  • Purpose = resources &

  • trade (same old story …)

  • Land seized =

  • islands in Indian Ocean

  • & S. China Sea (present

  • day Indonesia)

  • GB fought for Malaysia

  • --won (shocking! The

  • British took more land!

  • Unbelievable!)



The French

  • Fr grabbed Indochina

  • (Vietnam, Laos, &

  • Cambodia)

  • Fr imposed their culture

  • in region—upset local

  • ppl

  • Major religion = Buddhism, Fr forced conversion to Christianity


Impact of Imperialism on S. Asia

  • Econ of Eur = HUGE

  • growth

  • Some improvements in region (health, sanitation, transportation)

  • Clash of major world religions = still issues

  • today


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