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Chapter 4 Pg. 89-108. British Control. Charles II and James II dislike representative Gov’t Dominion of NE (NH, CT, RI, NY, NJ). “Glorious Revolution”. William and Mary came to power through the Glorious Revolution Instituted a limited monarchy English Bill of Rights

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British control
British Control

  • Charles II and James II dislike representative Gov’t

  • Dominion of NE (NH, CT, RI, NY, NJ)


Glorious revolution
“Glorious Revolution”

  • William and Mary came to power through the Glorious Revolution

  • Instituted a limited monarchy

  • English Bill of Rights

  • Allowed more colonial representation/autonomy in the colonies

  • Still maintained strict control over Mass.


Colonial warfare
Colonial Warfare

  • Colonists more dependent on Great Britain protection

  • Native tribes forming alliances with European nations

  • Destruction of certain tribes

    • 5 Nation Iroquois Confederation (8,600 to 7,000)


Mercantilism
Mercantilism

  • Navigation Acts

    • 1651-Colonial trade only on English or Colonial Vessels

    • 1660 & 1663-Could only export certain commodities to Britain (ex. Sugar and Tobacco)

    • Molasses Act of 1733-Heavy tax on non British Molasses


Settlement patterns
Settlement Patterns

  • Spanish-4,500

  • French-15,000

  • English-250,000


Immigration patterns
Immigration Patterns

  • 1700-1750-Predominately British Immigrants

  • 1750-Other Groups started Immigrating

  • 18th century immigrants were poor (lots of indentured servants)

  • Most immigrants entered through Philadelphia and usually stayed in Pennsylvania

  • Also, immigrants started moving further west towards the Appalachian Mts.


Rural life
Rural Life

  • Success limited (through hard work and luck)

  • Mostly small scale family farming

  • Lots of children to work on family land

  • Overpopulation led to deforestation

    • Loss of wild life, flooding, seasonal changes, hurt soil, lowered crop yields


City life
City Life

  • Immigration went up so did populations in Colonial cities

    • Ports of Entry, Trade Centers, Sporadic Work, Overpopulated, unsanitary


Slavery
Slavery

  • Treated extremely poorly

  • Task System vs. Gang System


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