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2. Objectives. Review Windows Management Instrumentation Command-Line (WMIC) utility and its architectureDemonstrate the modes of operationIntroduce the advanced use of WMIC. 3. BackgroundArchitectureExamples of useReviewAdvancedExtending WMICCustomizing WMIC. Agenda. 4. WMIC: WMI Command-Line Tool.

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1. WMIC: A New Approach to Managing Windows Infrastructure from a Command Line

2. 2

3. 3 Background Architecture Examples of use Review Advanced Extending WMIC Customizing WMIC Agenda

4. 4 WMIC: WMI Command-Line Tool Access various sources of management data through WMI without programming A new tool: Only available on Microsoft Windows XP Professional and Windows .NET Server Family products Note: wmic pronounced [wee-mek]

5. 5 Why WMIC?

6. 6 Why WMIC? (2)

7. 7 Management Tools Strategy

8. Command-Line Tools Program Simplicity Top tasks covered with new command-line tools Admin focused, easy, and pre-built Automation enhancements Power and extensibility WMIC new WMI command-line interface Exposes all WMI management data Customize queries for any scenario

9. 9 Goals Make Windows the most manageable OS Provide a comprehensive management infrastructure, removing the need for management agents Enable system and application observation and control Consistent queries Consistent methods Consistent events Consistent protocol Consistent schema Availability Windows 95Windows 98Windows NT 4.0Embedded NT-------------------- Windows 2000Windows MeWindows XP Windows .NET Server Partners (redistributed w/ OEMs / ISVs / IHVs) Windows Management Instrumentation (WMI)

10. 10 WMI Architecture Point-to-Point

11. 11 Windows XP Professional and .NET Server implementation WMIC is an admin tool WMIC includes 80 aliases (FriendlyCommandNames): Supporting about 150 methods Exposing thousands of properties Providing reporting ability in TXT, HTML, XML, MOF, CSV, or any proprietary format It allows access to any WMI-like schema object (more than 10,000 objects in the box)

12. 12 WMIC: Two Modes of Operationc:\>wmic process list brief wmic:root\cli>/?

13. 13 WMIC Architecture

14. 14 Principles Generic command-line tool: Driven by instrumentation Uses common grammar Provides transparent remoting Progressive help discovery Total partitioning between: Aliases Parser/engine Transforms Role based management: Operating against various folders (namespaces) Operating against single and multiple computers Operated by functional teams

15. 15 WMIC Abilities Define aliases, add output formats, and create and run scripts Browse the WMI schema, and query its classes and instances Get information from a local computer, a remote computer, and from multiple computers in a single command

16. 16 Scenarios

17. 17 WMIC in Enterprise

18. 18

19. Getting Started Default Settings

20. Getting Started Context

21. Getting Started Aliases

22. Using Progressive Discovery Help

23. Using Verbs

24. Using Formats

25. Remoting

26. Examples of Commands QFE PRODUCT or PRODUCT list brief or PRODUCT list full cpu get MaxClockSpeed Process Where Description="WinLogon.exe" Get VirtualSize /EVERY:5 SERVICE WHERE CAPTION='TELNET' CALL STARTSERVICE NICCONFIG WHERE index=1 CALL EnableStatic (""),("") NICCONFIG WHERE index=1 CALL SetGateways ("",""),(1,2) /NODE:@"c:\MyServerList.txt" OS WHERE (Primary="TRUE" and Organization!="Organization1") CALL Win32ShutDown 6

27. Some Useful Tips NamedParameters or WHERE clause for large datasets: WMIC ALIAS OS or WMIC ALIAS OS LIST BRIEF WMIC USERACCOUNT WHERE "Name='PutUserNameHere' and Domain='PutDomainNameHere'" WMIC FSDIR WHERE Name='c:\\WINDOWS or WMIC FSDIR C:\\windows WMIC DATAFILE WHERE "PATH='\\windows\\' and Extension='exe' and FileSize>'108032'" GET LastAccessed, LastModified, Name, FileSize WMIC NTEVENT WHERE "LogFile='system' and Type>'0'" GET Message, TimeGenerated Use "" to separate "WHERE" expression instead of () : WMIC NTEVENT WHERE "LogFile='system' and Type>'4'" Opposite to: WMIC NTEVENT WHERE (LogFile='system' and TYPE>4) Shell will misinterpret >4) and will try to redirect output to file named 4)

28. 28 Advanced Applications WMIC brings the end-to-end capability to the management infrastructure: The application developer adds instrumentation*, and command access immediately becomes available at no additional cost. With little additional investment in defining the alias, the developer can simplify most of the common command (cmd) operations. * This is simplified in Microsoft .NET Framework (versus .NET)

29. 29 Supporting Instrumentation

30. 30

31. Using the PATH Command

32. Using the CLASS Command

33. Automating WMIC New customization and development Aliases, MOFs, view provider, Through application Batch files, scripting, Example: WMIC /NODE:@"c:\MyServerList.txt" SERVICE WHERE caption= "SSDP Discovery Service" CALL ChangeStartMode "Disabled" MyServerList.txt

34. 34 How You Can Extend WMIC Customize existing aliases and properties Define new aliases Add output formats (*.xsl) Create new transforms Create and run scripts Browse a schema and query its classes and instances

35. 35 Creating and Editing Aliases Access files: CliAliases.mof Alias class and namespace definitions CliEgAliases.mof Aliases instances CliEgAliases.mfl Aliases localization Add and edit instances in CliEgAliases.mof Copy aliases friendly names and descriptions to CliEgAliases.mfl Mofcomp the files

36. 36 Examples of Customization Defining and editing aliases (friendly names) or property names instance of MSFT_CliAlias { Connection = ......................................... Description = "Basic input/output services (BIOS) management."; Formats = ........................................................................ FriendlyName = "BIOS"; .................................................. Target = "Select * from Win32_BIOS"; }; instance of MSFT_LocalizablePropertyValue { RelPath = "MSFT_CliAlias.FriendlyName=\"BIOS\""; PropertyName = "Description"; Text = {"Basic input/output services (BIOS) management."}; };

37. 37 Examples of Customization (2) Defining a new transform: instance of MSFT_CliTranslateTable { Name = "BasicXml"; Tbl = { Instance of MSFT_CliTranslateTableEntry { FromValue = ">"; ToValue = ">"; }, Instance of MSFT_CliTranslateTableEntry { FromValue = "<"; ToValue = "<"; } }; };


39. Examples of Customization (4) Reporting: C:\>wmic ntevent where "eventtype<3 and logfile='Application'" get logfile, SourceName, eventtype, TimeGenerated /format:htable:"datatype=number":"sortby=EventType" > c:\applicationLog.htm C:\>applicationLog.htm

40. 40 Additional Information Sourcesfor WMI WMI articles on the MSDN Web site at http://msdn.microsoft.com/ Send e-mail to [email protected] Several books about WMI are available Help and Support Center

41. Thank you for joining todays Microsoft Support WebCast. For information about all upcoming Support WebCasts, and access to the archived content (streaming media files, PowerPoint slides, and transcripts), please visit: http://support.microsoft.com/webcasts/ Your feedback is sincerely appreciated. Please send any comments or suggestions about the Support WebCasts to [email protected]

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