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chapter 28 Winter Sport Activities Luke E. Kelly Winter Sport Activities Need for year-round activities Benefits of winter sports Fitness Social Competition options Common Winter Sports Downhill skiing (alpine) Snowboarding Cross-country skiing (Nordic) Ice skating Ice picking

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chapter28

Winter Sport Activities

Luke E. Kelly


Winter Sport Activities

  • Need for year-round activities

  • Benefits of winter sports

    • Fitness

    • Social

    • Competition options


Common Winter Sports

  • Downhill skiing (alpine)

  • Snowboarding

  • Cross-country skiing (Nordic)

  • Ice skating

  • Ice picking

  • Sledding

  • Hockey

  • Curling


Skiing

  • Benefit: Increased mobility for many individuals with disabilities

  • Preparations

    • Start with a conditioning program

    • Work on basic skills on dry land first

    • Proper clothing for conditions

    • Use appropriate equipment

    • Use appropriate assistive devices


Skiing Instruction

  • Basic skills

    • Independence with equipment

    • Using lifts

    • Falling and standing

    • Moving forward

    • Stopping

    • Turning

  • Make it fun and successful!


Common Assistive Devices

  • Ski-bra

  • Canting wedges

  • Outriggers

    • Three-track

    • Four-track

  • Sit-skis

  • Kayak-type poles


Snowboarding

  • Can be learned by most individuals with disabilities

  • Consult qualified instructor

    • Selecting and fitting equipment

  • Competition

    • USASA

    • USDSSA


Cross-Country Skiing

  • Great recreational and fitness activity

    • Minimizing the effect of gravity

  • Relatively inexpensive to participate

    • Skis (waxless vs. wax)

    • Poles

    • Shoes

    • Gaiters

      (continued)


Cross-Country Skiing (continued)

  • Instruction

    • Use a track on flat terrain

    • Stress the push and glide technique

    • Dress in layers

    • Monitor for fatigue

    • Make initial instruction fun and successful


Ski Organizations and Competitions

  • Disabled Sports, USA

    • Classification system

    • Events

  • Special Olympics

    • Classification system

    • Events

  • United States Association of Blind Athletes

    • Classification system

    • Events


Ice Skating

  • Inexpensive and readily accessible

  • Proper fitting equipment and extra padding

  • Use skating aids

  • Make initial attempts successful and fun

  • Ice picking


Special Olympics Skating Events

  • Classifications

    • Novice

    • Intermediate

    • Advanced

  • Figure skating

    • Singles

    • Pairs

    • Ice dancing

  • Speed skating

    • 100, 300, 500, 800, 1,000, 1,500 meters


Curling

  • Popular international sport and in Olympics

  • Terms

    • House

    • Stone

    • Heads

  • Modifications

    • Rules, weights, distances, and boundaries

    • Learn and practice on non-ice surfaces


Other Winter Activities

Sledding, tobogganing

  • Inexpensive.

  • Good social recreational activities.

  • Wear proper clothing for conditions.

  • Use extra padding.

  • Make initial activities fun and successful.

  • Monitor fatigue.


Hockey

  • Great recreational and fitness activity

  • Can modify equipment and boundaries to match the ability of the players

  • Stress safety (use extra padding)

  • Sledge hockey

  • Hockey organizations and competitions


Inclusion

  • Winter sport activities can easily be modified to accommodate individuals with disabilities.

  • Many winter sport activities provide individuals with orthopedic impairments unique experiences such as speed!

  • Many students will require extra instruction and practice to be successful.


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