Weather risk management association
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Weather Risk Management Association. Joe Connor Aquila, Inc. WRMA. Trade association whose members specialize in providing solutions to manage exposure to weather risks.

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Weather Risk Management Association

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Weather risk management association

Weather Risk Management Association

Joe Connor

Aquila, Inc.

Weather risk management association joe connor


  • Trade association whose members specialize in providing solutions to manage exposure to weather risks.

  • Our members offer weather risk protection in the form of insurance and weather derivatives, to prevent companies from absorbing the financial burden of harsh weather patterns.



  • Develop standard methods of operation and procedures for the weather trading market

  • Facilitate the growth of a strong and vibrant weather trading industry

  • Address critical issues that affect the industry

  • Educate consumers whose businesses are affected by the weather

What is weather risk

What is Weather Risk?

  • Financial gain or loss due to change in weather conditions over a period hours, days, or months.

What is a weather derivative

What is a Weather Derivative?

  • Risk management tool used to stabilize annual revenues that otherwise may be affected by severe changes in weather (temperature, snowfall, rainfall, wind)

  • Based on reliable and accurate sources of weather data, e.g., National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration (NOAA).

Benefits of weather derivatives

Benefits of Weather Derivatives

  • Stabilize Revenue

  • Control Pricing and Volume Risk

  • Enhance financial portfolios

  • Weather Conditions become an asset rather than a liability

What industries use weather derivatives

Energy and Utility


Financial institutions



What Industries Use Weather Derivatives?

Who are our members

Who are our members?

  • Aquila

  • Element Reinsurance Holdings

  • Axia Energy

  • Industrial Bank of Japan

  • PricewaterhouseCoopers

Geographic areas covered

Geographic Areas Covered

Current trends

Current Trends

  • Market Size

    • 8 Billion

El nino la nina

El Nino/La Nina

The SOI (Southern Oscillation Index) and the Nino SSTA Indices (Sea Surface Temperature Anomalies) have a high correlation to a variety of global weather impacts.

ENSO Indices are used as indicators of the extreme events that are commonly referred to as El Nino and La Nina.

Weather risk management association1

Weather Risk Management Association

Valerie Bergman Cooper, CAE

Executive Director

[email protected]

Global climate impacts of el nino la nina

Global Climate Impacts of El Nino & La Nina

What is an el nino

What is an El Nino?

  • Normal Year

    • Warm ocean temperatures north of Australia

    • Converging winds lead to heavy Precipitation

  • El Nino Year

    • Ocean temperatures warm in the Eastern Pacific Ocean

    • Wind patterns shift eastward

    • Descending winds lead to very dry conditions over Australia

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