The politics of climate policy in developed countries
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THE POLITICS OF CLIMATE POLICY IN DEVELOPED COUNTRIES. Hugh Compston Reader in Politics, Cardiff University Convenor, Politics of Climate Change Project. INTRODUCTION.

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The politics of climate policy in developed countries

THE POLITICS OF CLIMATE POLICY IN DEVELOPED COUNTRIES

Hugh Compston

Reader in Politics, Cardiff University

Convenor, Politics of Climate Change Project


Introduction
INTRODUCTION

  • Aim: to identify political strategies that make it easier for governments to make radical cuts in greenhouse gas emissions without sustaining significant political damage

  • Turning Down the Heat: The Politics of Climate Policy in Affluent Democracies, ed. Hugh Compston and Ian Bailey (Palgrave, 2009)


Obstacles
OBSTACLES

  • Perception that individual countries make little difference

  • Influence of climate sceptics

  • Shortage of practical solutions

  • Problem of competitiveness

  • Fear of the electorate

  • Obstacles within government


Current strategies 1
CURRENT STRATEGIES 1

  • Efforts to reach global agreement

  • Reports and targets

  • Policies on which actors can agree

  • Incremental policy changes

  • Weather-related natural disasters

  • Framing climate policies in terms of other desired policy objectives


Current strategies 2
CURRENT STRATEGIES 2

  • Policy instruments:

    • information provision

    • technological fixes

    • renewable energy

    • energy efficiency

    • voluntary agreements

    • emissions trading, carbon/energy taxes


Future strategies
FUTURE STRATEGIES

  • Refinement of current strategies

  • Exploration of new policy options

  • Governance reform

  • Spillover strategies

  • Selective imposition of more radical policies


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