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Review Test 4: Rococo – Post-Impressionism Definitions Signature style Techniques, subject matter, and ways artists paint that distinguish them from other artists Subject matter What the artwork is about The object depicted Provenance History of ownership Paper trail of authenticity

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Review

Test 4:

Rococo – Post-Impressionism


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Definitions

  • Signature style

    • Techniques, subject matter, and ways artists paint that distinguish them from other artists

  • Subject matter

    • What the artwork is about

    • The object depicted

  • Provenance

    • History of ownership

    • Paper trail of authenticity


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Definitions cont.

  • Repatriation

    • Returning artworks to country of origin; rightful ownership issues

  • Forgery

    • Artwork credited to original artist but not made by them

    • Deliberate creation to deceive art experts and buyers


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Rococo

  • Continuation of Baroque period

  • Closely associated with Paris, France

  • Wide usage of pastel colors, especially blues, pinks, and greens

  • Major artist: Charles Lebrun


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Neoclassicism

  • Neo: new

  • Virtue, return to Classical ideals

  • Patriotism, political themes

  • Calm, smooth surfaces

  • Glossy, ordered grids

  • Major artists:

    • David

    • Ingres


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David

  • Oath of the Horatii

  • 1784

  • Leader of the Neoclassical movement


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Romanticism

  • Dramatic, emotional

  • Violent energy

  • Liberty

  • Power of nature

  • Bright color

  • Motion

  • Major artists

    • Gericault, Delacroix


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Gericault

  • Raft of the Medusa

  • 1818

  • Leader of the Romantic movement


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Delacroix

  • Liberty Leading the People

  • 1830

  • Student of Gericault


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Realism

  • Response to Neoclassicism and Romanticism

  • Portrayed life as it was, no idealism

  • Subject matter:

    • Poor people in everyday situations

    • Landscapes


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Realism

  • Major artists:

    • Courbet

    • Whistler

    • Harnett

  • Sub-genre: Photo realism

    • Ultra-realistic paintings

    • Harnett painted photo realism


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Courbet

  • The Stone Breakers

  • 1849

  • Leader of Realism


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Whistler

  • Nocturne in Black & Gold: The Falling Rocket

  • 1875

  • American expatriate


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Impressionism

  • Concerned with light and color

  • Free brush strokes

  • Painted outside, “en plein air

  • Influenced by photography, cropping

  • Painted using primary colors

  • Placed colors side-by-side to fool the eye

  • Sub-genre:

    • Pointillism – using dots of paint


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Impressionism

  • Associated with Paris, France

  • Major artists

    • Monet

    • Manet

    • Seurat

    • Renoir

    • Degas


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Monet

  • Haystack

  • 1891


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Manet

  • Luncheon on the Grass

  • 1863


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Manet

  • Olympia

  • 1863


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Seurat

  • Sunday Afternoon on the Isle of Grande Jatte

  • 1884-86

  • Pointillist

    • Used dots of paint to make paintings


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Post-Impressionism

  • Grouped together because of time period

  • Did not share a similar style

  • Major artists:

    • Van Gogh

    • Cezanne


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Van Gogh

  • Starry Night

  • 1889

  • Textural paintings

  • Was sick man


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Cezanne

  • Still Life with Cherries

  • 1885-87

  • Reduced subjects to basic geometric shapes

    • Cone

    • Cylinder


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Goya

  • The Third of May

  • 1808

  • The man without an “-ism”


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