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CIHEAM-MAI.B since 1962 COOPERATION TRAINING RESEARCH NETWORKING CIHEAM-MAI.B Land and Water Management Research lines NWRM - Non-conventional Water Resources Management WUE - Water Use Efficiency CIS - Collective Irrigation Systems since the beginning of nineties

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CIHEAM-MAI.B

since 1962

COOPERATION

TRAINING

RESEARCH

NETWORKING


CIHEAM-MAI.B Land and Water ManagementResearch lines

NWRM - Non-conventional Water Resources Management

WUE - Water Use Efficiency

CIS - Collective Irrigation Systems

since the beginning of nineties


EC (EuropeAid)/CIHEAM-MAI.B

Regional Action Programme (1998-2002)

“WATER RESOURCES MANAGEMENT”


EC (EuropeAid)/CIHEAM-MAI.B RAP (1998-2002)

RAP “Water Resources Management”

Objectives

  • The RAP-WRM aims

    • to improve the institutional capacity building, human resources development, regional cooperation and exchange of experiences in the field of water resources and irrigation.

  • The RAP-WRM is

    • based on the concept of water demand management and

    • is oriented to the sustainable use of water resources in agricultural sector emphasizing technical, social and economic aspects.


EC (EuropeAid)/CIHEAM-MAI.B RAP (1998-2002)

Programme “Water Resources Management”

Water Resources in Arid and Semi-Arid Regions of the Mediterranean

Major problems and constraints

Public

Industry

8%

  • Water scarcity

  • Degradation of water quality

  • Inefficient water use

  • Limited information

  • Policy overlaps

  • Fragmented management of water

    between sectors and institutions

13%

79%

79%

Agriculture

Agriculture

Effectively

used by crop

45%

The solution

Water saving in all the sectorial water uses and, in particular, in irrigated

agriculture, the largest consumer of water (80%) and with major losses (55%)


EC (EuropeAid)/CIHEAM-MAI.B RAP (1998-2002)

Programme“Water Resources Management”

ACTIONS

Economical

Technical

Social

Use and Re-use of

Increase of

Optimization and

non-conventional

irrigation water

management of

water resources

collective irrigation

use efficiency

systems

Participatory Irrigation

Allocation Efficiency

&

Management (PIM) &

Water valuation

Water User Associations -

WUAs

Capacity Building

Institutional improvement

·

·

HRD (Human Resources Development)


EC (EuropeAid)/CIHEAM-MAI.B RAP (1998-2002)

Regional Action Programme“Water Resources Management”

1st year

1998-1999

2nd year

1999-2000

PHASE I

2nd year

2001-2002

1st year

2000-2001

PHASE II

  • Training Activities

  • Collaborative Research Activities

  • Aid for Decision Making

  • Logistic Support - ICT development

  • Plant Protection Study (phase I)

ACTIVITIES


EC (EuropeAid)/CIHEAM-MAI.B RAP (1998-2002)

Regional Action Programme“Water Resources Management”

Phase II: 2000-2002

IAM-Bari

NWRC- Cairo


EC (EuropeAid)/CIHEAM-MAI.B RAP (1998-2002)

Regional Action Programme “Water Resources Management”

Logistic Support

Aid to Decision Making

Research Project “WASIA”

Research Networks

M.Sc. Mobilization Program

Advanced Short Courses

Activities


EC (EuropeAid)/CIHEAM-MAI.B RAP (1998-2002)

Programme “Water Resources Management”

Advanced Short Courses

main considerations

  • The themes of Advanced Short Courses were defined considering:

    • the whole set of priority actions for water saving in the Mediterranean region as it has adopted in the logical framework

    • specific interest of the countries hosting the course

    • recommendations of Technical Working Group (TWG), and

    • thematic link among proposed topics and among them and collaborative research networks and overall RAP objectives.


EC (EuropeAid)/CIHEAM-MAI.B RAP (1998-2002) - Water Resources Management

Advanced Short Courses12 in 8 beneficiary countries

Kahramanmaras,

September 2001

Algiers,

October 2002

Malta, March 2000

Adana, October 1999

Settat, September 1999

Tunis, May 1999

Beirut, May 2000

Tunis, December 2002

Agadir, April 2002

Amman,

March 2001

  • Candidates: 708

  • Participants: 348 from 18 countries

  • 318 participants (91.6%) from 10 beneficiary

  • countries (LF threshold was 240)

  • Proceedings distributed during the course and

  • available also on the IAMB RAP web site

Cairo,

April 2000

Cairo, June 2001


EC (EuropeAid)/CIHEAM-MAI.B RAP (1998-2002) - Water Resources Management

Advanced Short Courses

participants/country


EC (EuropeAid)/CIHEAM-MAI.B RAP (1998-2002) - Water Resources Management

Advanced Short Courses

professional profile of the participants


EC (EuropeAid)/CIHEAM-MAI.B RAP (1998-2002)

Programme “Water Resources Management”

Training: Mobilization of M.Sc. students

  • Twelve hosting Mediterranean Institutions:

    • Egypt (National Water Research Center - Cairo; Central Laboratory for Environmental Quality Monitoring - Kanater; Drainage Research Institute - Cairo),

    • Italy (University of Catania; University of Trieste; National Research Center - CNR, Bari; Polytechnics of Bari),

    • Lebanon (Saint-Esprit de Kaslik University, Beirut; ESIAM, Tamail),

    • Morocco (IAV Hassan II, Agadir),

    • Tunisia (INAT, Tunis) and

    • Turkey (Cukurova University, Adana).

  • 19 trainees from 6 beneficiary countries (Algeria 1, Egypt 6, Lebanon 2, Morocco 4, Tunisia 3, Turkey 1) and Palestine (2)  the LF indicates a minimum of 16 Master thesis


EC (EuropeAid)/CIHEAM-MAI.B RAP (1998-2002) - Water Resources Management

Mobility of trainees - Outputs and Comments

  • The main objectives of the mobility of MSc trainees:

    • human resources development through the realization of research works by means of exchange of scientists, ideas and research approaches in the Mediterranean;

    • greater cooperation between the IAMB and other Mediterranean scientific institutions and universities in developing MSc programme;

    • better understanding of the local-specific water problems and searching for the common solutions for water saving in the Mediterranean.

  • Achievements:

    • reinforcement of cooperation between Southern scientific institutions (e.g. IAV Hassan II, Morocco and INAT, Tunisia)

    • establishment of cooperation between Southern and Northern Institutions (e.g NWRC-Cairo, Egypt and University of Catania, CNR-Bari, etc).

  • Expectations:

    • recognition of the MSc degree awarded by CIHEAM-IAMB in the majority of the Mediterranean countries and mutual recognition of diplomas obtained at different universities and scientific institutions throughout the Mediterranean region.


EC (EuropeAid)/CIHEAM-MAI.B RAP (1998-2002) - Water Resources Management

CIHEAM-MAIB Cooperative Research Networks

WATER

NWR

CIS

WUE

SAVING


EC (EuropeAid)/CIHEAM-MAI.B RAP (1998-2002)

Programme “Water Resources Management”

Research Networkssynthesis of results and outputs 1

  • 32 scientific institutions from 15 countries with the participation of 66 scientists

  • experimental works at: IAMB, in Morocco (IAV Hassan II, Agadir), Egypt (NWRC, Cairo), Syria (ICARDA, Aleppo), Tunisia (INAT, Tunis; IRESA, Bizerte), Turkey (Gaziantep Pistachio Research Institute), Italy (Faculty of Agriculture, Catania; Bonifica della Capitanata, Foggia), etc.

  • a Crop Database about 8 strategic Mediterranean crops

  • a Crop Growth and Productivity Model + interface linking model and GIS

  • a database on the performances of collective irrigation systems together with a user friendly software package for the analysis of CIS and demand hydrograph generation + Information Manual

  • guidelines for the use of treated sewage water in agriculture


EC (EuropeAid)/CIHEAM-MAI.B RAP (1998-2002)

Programme “Water Resources Management”

Research Networkssynthesis of results and outputs 2

  • 68 MSc students from 9 countries (Algeria 4; Bosnia and Herzegovina 1; Egypt 15; Lebanon 12; Morocco 14; Palestine 5; Syria 1; Tunisia 11; Turkey 5)

  • 12 advanced short courses were organized with the participation of 347 trainees from 18 countries

  • 7 annual meetings of three Sub-Networks

  • 23 bilateral meetings of the network partners

  • 131 scientific papers were published in scientific journals and proceedings of conferences, workshops, advanced short courses, etc.

  • 3 books and 24 special publications


EC (EuropeAid)/CIHEAM-MAI.B RAP (1998-2002) - Water Resources Management

Research Project“WAter Saving in Irrigated Agriculture(WASIA)”

General objective:

  • to develop a conceptual framework for water saving in agriculture through the integration of

    • Water Use Efficiency in cropping practices (WUE),

    • Performance of Collective Irrigation Systems (CIS), and

    • Use of Non-conventional Water Resources (NWR)

NWR

WUE

CIS


EC/CIHEAM-MAI.B RAP (1998-2002)

Research Project “WAter Saving in Irrigated Agriculture (WASIA)”

PILOT AREAS

South-east

Anatolian

Region, Turkey

Tarsus Res.

Institute,

Turkey

Ghezala Irrigation

District, Tunisia

Agadir, Morocco

INAT, Tunis, Tunisia

ICARDA, Aleppo,

Syria

Souss-Massa

Irrigation District,

Morocco

Nile Delta, Egypt


RESEARCH LAYOUT and LEVEL of NETWORKS INTERACTION

Pilot Area

Research Theme

Interaction Level

Regulated Deficit Irrigation of orchards

with low quality water

INAT, Tunis, Tunisia

WUE

NWR

CIS

Regulated Deficit Irrigation of pistachio

with low quality water

Southeast Anatolian

region, Turkey

WUE

NWR

CIS

Hydraulics performances of irrigation systems

under different irrigation practices

Ghezala Irrigation

District, Tunisia

CIS

WUE

NWR

Energy saving in irrigation by means

of improved irrigation practices (not realized)

Souss-Massa

Irr. District, Morocco

CIS

WUE

NWR

Agadir, Morocco

NWR

WUE

CIS

Reuse of treated wastewater with

different irrigation methods

Nile Delta, Egypt

NWR

WUE

CIS

Re-cycling of drainage water

for sustainable irrigated agriculture

Use of artesian highly saline water

for irrigation of cereals and vegetable crops

Tarsus Research

Institute, Turkey

NWR

WUE

CIS

ICARDA, Aleppo,

Syria

NWR

WUE

CIS

Development of screening legumes and forage

nursery for salinity tolerance

Water Saving

in Irrigated Agriculture


EC/CIHEAM-MAI.B RAP (1998-2002)

Research Project “WAter Saving in Irrigated Agriculture (WASIA)”

Main results and outputs

  • Quantification of water saving at 7 experimental sites applying different water management strategies

  • Development ofdatabasesandsoftware packages

  • Interaction between different aspects of water saving (NWM, WUE, CIS) traces a way for improved water management strategies in irrigated agriculture

  • The research findings at 7 experimental sites are transformed inGUIDELINES - CRITERIA:

    • for deficit irrigation strategies

    • for use of treated wastewater, saline water and reuse of drainage water in irrigation

    • for management of collective irrigation systems

  • The integration of these guidelines leads towards the creation of a conceptual framework for water saving in irrigated agriculture


EC (EuropeAid)/CIHEAM-MAI.B RAP (1998-2002) - Water Resources Management

Logistic Support: ICT developmentActivities

  • Training: 4 “on-demand” Short Courses were held in Tunisia on the use of new information technologies, multimedia and distance learning (108 participants)

  • Workshop on “Meta-Information System for the Mediterranean Region” (Bari, October 18-19, 2000) and participation to several Seminars (Université d’Eté)

  • RAP-WRM web siteat URL: http://www.iamb.it/par/ encompassing the main project’s activities and outputs

  • INFO-MED System: for communication, information exchange and scientific data access in agriculture

  • Hardware and Software supply for experimental fields of research networks and, especially, for facilitating access to Internet and communication among the partners


EC (EuropeAid)/CIHEAM-MAI.B RAP (1998-2002) - Water Resources Management

Logistic Support: ICT development

INFO-MED SYSTEM

for communication, information exchange and scientific data access in agriculture

ICARDA, Syria

2 Workstations

IAV Hassan II,

Agadir

Workstation

IRAL, Beirut

Web Server

NWRC,

Cairo

Other

RAP partners

Realized (phase II)

Realized (phase I)


EC (EuropeAid)/CIHEAM-MAI.B RAP (1998-2002) - Water Resources Management

Logistic Support: ICT developmentProfile of the participants in the courses


EC (EuropeAid)/CIHEAM-MAI.B RAP (1998-2002) - Water Resources Management

STUDIES on"Production and exchange of virus-free plant propagating material in the Mediterranean region"

  • Carried out in the phase I (1998-2000) with the participation of 10 beneficiary countries + Albania

  • Objectives:

    • to define and propose common phytosanitary rules regarding production, conservation and use of plant propagating material in order to facilitate the movement of this material throughout the Mediterranean seen as a free-trade area

  • Round table Meeting (Bari, Oct., 1999) on the assessment of current situation and comparative analysis of the sector with the participation of decision-makers appointed by Ministers of Agriculture of 11 Mediterranean countries and experts from international institutions (EPPO, IAMB and University of Bari).

  • Results and outcomes of the study were published in a special number of Option Méditerranéennes, Sér. B/n°35 – Production and Exchange of virus-free Plant Propagating material in the Mediterranean Region (2001)


EC (EuropeAid)/CIHEAM-MAI.B RAP (1998-2002) - Water Resources Management

Aid for Decision Making

  • Objectives:

    • to give to decision makers guidelines and strategies for implementing new social and economic reforms in the irrigation sector via appropriate measures such as participatory irrigation management, gender issues consideration, water valuation and cost recovery mechanisms.

  • “Participatory Irrigation Management and Water User Associations”

    • 3 TOT courses on “Capacity Building for PIM and WUAs”, IAMB, 1999-2001, in cooperation with the World Bank, IFAD and INPIM.

  • “Economic Aspects of Water Mobilization and Use”

    • Workshop on “Water Valuation and Cost Recovering Mechanisms in the Developing Countries of the Mediterranean Region”, Agadir, June 2002

  • “Gender Issues for Mediterranean agriculture”

    • Workshop on “"Gender and water resources management in the Mediterranean”, Cairo, October 2002


EC (EuropeAid)/CIHEAM-MAI.B RAP (1998-2002) - Water Resources Management

Activities on “PIM & WUAs”

  • Objectives:

    • to stimulate high level policy dialogue on PIM the Mediterranean region leading to a policy commitment programming actions with the specific objectives to introduce policy-makers to the implementation of PIM

  • 3 TOT courses, 209 candidates, 147 participants from 20 countries - 83 from 7 beneficiary countries

  • 5-volumes proceedings including the PIM in the Mediterranean Countries

  • high interest - governments ask for the participation of additional number of candidates with full coverage of their expenses;

  • many participants from the PIM Projects supported by the USAID in the region, as well as those supported financially by the International Organizations (FAO, World Bank, IFAD)


EC (EuropeAid)/CIHEAM-MAI.B RAP (1998-2002) - Water Resources Management

PIM & WUAsparticipants/course

58

43

41


EC (EuropeAid)/CIHEAM-MAI.B RAP (1998-2002) - Water Resources Management

Aid for Decision Making - PIM courses origin of the participants


EC (EuropeAid)/CIHEAM-MAI.B RAP (1998-2002) - Water Resources Management

Activities on “Economic Aspects of Water mobilization and use”

  • Objectives:

    • to give the opportunity to decision-makers in the Mediterranean region to present, share and discuss various experiences relevant to the subject and to elaborate strategies and plans of actions for implementation of measures which could lead to a better valuation of irrigation water and appropriate cost recovery mechanisms.

  • Workshop on “Water valuation and cost recovery mechanisms in the developing countries of the Mediterranean region”, Agadir, June 2002, as a special session of the International conference on "Irrigation water policies – micro and macro considerations”

  • 200 participants on the Conference - 14 from 8 beneficiary countries

  • proceedings of the Workshop distributed in more than 200 copies during the Conference and published as a special volume of "Options méditerranéennes"


EC (EuropeAid)/CIHEAM-MAI.B RAP (1998-2002) - Water Resources Management

Activities on “Economic Aspects of Water mobilization and use”

  • Recommendations from the Workshop - as an Aid for Decision Makers:

    • Irrigation policies should play a regulatory role with regard to objectives of equity, natural resources protection and water market creation;

    • Tariffs will not be an effective tool for economizing on water as long as they do not relate available water volumes to irrigation water prices; Tariffs should have social, economic, political and environmental objectives and consequences;

    • Irrigation water tariffs and recovery policies should aim to guarantee irrigation infrastructure maintenance and replacement and ensure sound water services for agricultural uses;

    • The application of irrigation water tariffs and charge recovery policies should take into consideration the local, regional and/or national and socio-economic conditions, as well as the macro-economic orientations of irrigation development.

    • Water prices should integrate the elements adapted to the specific context of irrigation projects, simultaneously ensuring agricultural development, risk aversion and water saving.


EC (EuropeAid)/CIHEAM-MAI.B RAP (1998-2002) - Water Resources Management

Activities on “Gender Issues for Mediterranean Agriculture”

  • Objectives:

    • to arise the importance of gender issues in the Mediterranean agriculture, to gather and exchange knowledge and experiences in this fields and to propose concrete actions for conversion of gender policies into practice

  • Workshop on "Gender and water resources management in the Mediterranean", Cairo, October 12-14, 2002, as a special session of the First Regional Conference on "Perspectives of Arab Water Cooperation: Challenges, Constraints and Opportunities”

  • more than 100 participants - 17 from 10 beneficiary countries

  • proceedings with gender issues experiences in each of 10 beneficiary country

  • Recognition of an urgent need for the establishment of a network to put together the local institutions, NGOs, stakeholders and water user associations working on gender issues in the Mediterranean region.


EC (EuropeAid)/CIHEAM-MAI.B RAP (1998-2002) - Water Resources Management

Activities on “Gender Issues for Mediterranean Agriculture”

  • Recommendations from the Workshop - as an Aid for Decision Makers:

    • Irrigation is a crucial part of the broader movement of gender mainstreaming in agricultural and rural development in the Mediterranean, and, indeed, should be seriously considered by a wide array of people from grassroots women's organizations to international development and financing agencies

    • Due to the changes in cultural trends, women labor forces are growing in number, yet, the accumulated knowledge from presented case studies and experiences achieved did not give the appropriate insight that could effectively guide the policy and interventions

    • The slow conversion of gender policies into practice, particularly in water resources management and irrigation, is the result of the following:

      • The lack of analytical tools and appropriate concepts

      • The lack of generic conceptual framework and appropriate implementation methodologies, beside the absence of gender performance indicators and above all the vague and weak roles of irrigation institutions and agencies


EC (EuropeAid)/CIHEAM-MAI.B RAP (1998-2002) - Water Resources Management

Overall synthesis of results and outputs in numbers

  • 30 national institutions and Universities from 10 beneficiary countries, 7 Italian partners and 5 International organisations have been involved directly in the program along with about 1105 persons from 31 countries around the world.

  • 1026 (or 92.9%) participants were from the Mediterranean region, while 887 (or 80.3%) were from 10 Mediterranean countries, beneficiaries of the RAP

  • The activities have resulted in: 19 short-term courses, tens of experimental works and 68 MSc theses, 19 mobility MSc programs, research works at 7 pilot locations in the Mediterranean, 2 important workshops, numerous meetings and reports, 131 scientific papers, several research manuals, guidelines and databases, 24 special publications, 3 books …


EC (EuropeAid)/CIHEAM-MAI.B RAP (1998-2002) - Water Resources Management

Participants per region (1105 from 31 countries)


EC (EuropeAid)/CIHEAM-MAI.B RAP (1998-2002) - Water Resources Management

Participants from 10 beneficiary countries


  • Italy

  • Bari Univ.

  • Polytechnics of Bari

  • Catania Univ.

  • Foggia Irr. Consortia

  • Univ. Of Trieste

  • CNR - Bari

  • International

  • FAO, Rome

  • ICARDA, Aleppo

  • IFAD, Rome

  • World Bank, Washington

  • INPIM, Washington

  • Turkey

  • Cukurova Univ.

  • Karahmanmaras Univ

Bari Institute

  • Syria

  • Min. of Agric.

  • Malta

  • Min. of Agric.

  • Inst. Water Tech.

  • Tunisia

  • Min. of Agric.

  • INRAT, Ariana

  • IRESA, Tunis

  • INAT, Tunis

  • Cyprus

  • Min. of Agric.

  • ARI, Nicosia

  • Lebanon

  • Min. of Agric.

  • NRC, Beirut

  • LARI. Beirut

  • ISIAM, Tamail

  • Sant-Esprit de

  • Kaslik Univ.

  • Morocco

  • Ministry of Agriculture

  • IAV Hassan II, Rabat

  • IAV Hassan II, Agadir

  • INRA, Settat

  • MAAE, Rabat

  • Algeria

  • Min. of Agriculture

  • INSID, Alger

NWRC- Cairo

  • Egypt

  • Min. of Water Res.

  • and Irrigation

  • Min. of Agriculture

  • ARC

  • NRC

  • CLEQM

  • Jordan

  • Amman Univ.

RAP-WRM

Partners


EC (EuropeAid)/CIHEAM-MAI.B RAP (1998-2002) - Water Resources Management

Synthesis of results and outputs 1

  • The valuation of the progress reports and evaluation sheets of the training program of RAP-WRM which has underlined the following:

    • There is an overall appreciation of the topics and training approach implemented by the Bari Institute;

    • The majority of the trainees agrees that the knowledge acquired during the training is of great importance for efficient water use in irrigated agriculture and for practical implementation in their professional work;

    • The greatest number of participants work already at important positions at academic and governmental level which would support their ability to implement and transfer the knowledge acquired during the program

    • Most of the RAP trainees represents the driving forces for the establishment and operation of the national networks and training programs, realization of research projects, the dissemination of information and regional cooperation.


EC (EuropeAid)/CIHEAM-MAI.B RAP (1998-2002) - Water Resources Management

Synthesis of results and outputs 2

  • The RAP-WRM is not confined to itself but it should be seen as an opportunity to add durable values to the overall training, research and co-operation that CIHEAM is promoting within the Mediterranean Region, considering it as a Euro-Mediterranean space open for partnership and development.

  • The activities have contributed in the generation of new programs and projects:

    • WASAMED (Water Saving in Mediterranean Agriculture) Thematic Network comprehends 42 partners from 16 Mediterranean countries

    • MEDCOASTLAND (Mediterranean Co-ordination of Land Conservation Management to Combat Land Degradation for the Sustainable Use of Natural Resources in the Mediterranean Coastal Zone) project involves 36 partners from 13 Mediterranean countries

    • a project on PIM implementation in Egypt, Morocco, Tunisia and Armenia, financed by IFAD

    • special PIM training programs for experts from Kirgyzstan and Uzbekistan, on the request of the World Bank


EC (EuropeAid)/CIHEAM-MAI.B RAP (1998-2002) - Water Resources Management

PERSPECTIVES AND PROPOSALS FOR THE FUTURE

  • based on the results and experiences of RAP 1998-2002, recommendations of TWG and experts from beneficial Mediterranean countries

  • INTEGRATED LAND AND WATER MANGEMENT FOR WATER SAVING IN IRRIGATED AGRICULTURE

    • integration

      • horizontal: land and water; supply and demand, quantity and quality, conjunctive use of fresh and non-conventional water and surface and groundwater

      • vertical: including farmers, WUAs, NGOs, research institutes, universities, decision makers and governments

    • extension of results and compatibility of approaches

    • modernization of agriculture and use of new information technologies

    • regional quantitative assessment of water productivity of cropping systems

    • consideration of “human factor in water saving projects” - networking

    • consolidation of a dialogue on:

      • Participatory Irrigation Management (PIM)

      • Water valuation and Cost Recovery Mechanisms

      • Gender Issues


  • EC (EuropeAid)/CIHEAM-MAI.B RAP (1998-2002) - Water Resources Management

    PERSPECTIVES AND PROPOSALS FOR THE FUTURE

    • Due to the process of globalization, for a region heading towards an open trade, it is important

      • to increase not only the food productivity but also the quality of agricultural products, and

      • to reduce pollution and degradation of water quality

    • Therefore, the programme should also include:

      • SANITARILY-IMPROVED AND SAFE AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION - PLANT PROPAGATING MATERIAL

      • ORGANIC AGRICULTURE


    EC (EuropeAid)/CIHEAM-MAI.B RAP (1998-2002) - Water Resources Management

    PERSPECTIVES AND PROPOSALS FOR THE FUTURE

    • SANITARILY-IMPROVED AND SAFE AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION -

      PLANT PROPAGATING MATERIAL

      • harmonization of phytosanitary legislation in the region

      • improvement of services and facilities related to nursery and fruit production to internationally accepted standards

      • production, exchange and certification of healthy true-to-type propagating material

    • ORGANIC AGRICULTURE

      • promotion of organic agriculture and its relation with environment

      • harmonization of legal, regulatory, technical and commercial aspects

      • development of adequate institutional setting and implementation of standardized regulatory framework

      • assessment of the organic market evolution in the Mediterranean area


    EURO-MEDITERRANEAN

    SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURE

    Integrated Land & Water Management:

    Water Saving in Irrigated Agriculture

    Organic

    Farming

    Plant

    Propagating Material

    CIHEAM-IAMB INTEGRATED APPROACH

    TRAINING

    RESEARCH

    NETWORKING

    COOPERATION

    INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGIES DEVELOPMENT


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