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Planning the Garden Introduction Garden is a personal place If you are a beginning gardener, start with a _____________ space “A small garden well tended is much more satisfying than a large neglected one.” How To Get Started Select a _________ for a garden Locate existing features

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planning the garden
Planning the Garden

Introduction

  • Garden is a personal place
  • If you are a beginning gardener, start with a _____________ space
  • “A small garden well tended is much more satisfying than a large neglected one.”
how to get started
How To Get Started
  • Select a _________ for a garden
  • Locate existing features
  • List desired items
  • Draw a _________
  • Prepare the site
selecting a garden site
Selecting a garden site
  • Explore your options
    • What land do you have available?
      • Your options are limited by available land
    • Solo garden or __________________ garden?
    • In-ground or container garden?
  • ________________ factors will influence the microclimate
    • Microclimate influences vegetable plantings
examples of microclimate effects
Examples of microclimate effects

_____________ determine length of growing season

  • Low-lying areas (calledfrost pockets) - frosts occur later in spring and earlier in fall
    • ____________ air flows down hills and collects in valleys
  • Restricted air flow – traps cold air
    • Avoid ______________ or evergreen trees on downhill side of garden
examples of microclimate effects5
Examples of microclimate effects

Soil texture class determines drainage, ________________ holding capacity and ability to work soil

    • Soil particles
      • Clay - Smallest particle size and poorest drainage
      • Silt
      • Sand - Largest particle size and best drainage
  • Causes of poor drainage
    • ___________________ layer of soil
    • Compacted topsoil
    • Soils dominated by ______________ particles
example soil texture class
Example – soil texture class

Ways to improve soil drainage

  • Add ___________ matter
    • Binds soil particles together
  • Drainage systems
    • ________________ PVC pipe buried in soil
  • Raised beds
    • Raise planting beds above ground level
locate existing features
Locate existing features
  • May indicate problems that need to be addressed
    • Vegetable gardens are best in full sun for at least ________ hours
    • Poorly drained areas should be avoided or improved
  • Existing ____________ should be incorporated into the design
list desired items
List desired items
  • Will determine the design of your garden and its utility
  • Consider location, your budget, _________________________ of the garden, and plants desired
  • In Illinois’ heavy soils solid-surfaced ________________________ and raised beds should be considered if permanent site
list desired items9
List desired items
  • Desired items may include:
    • Pathways
    • Raised beds
    • _________________
    • Compost bins
    • Benches
    • __________ features
garden design
Garden Design

Elements to consider

  • ________________
    • How can you utilize the available space the best
  • Convenience
    • Located near residence
    • Easy access to ________
  • Beauty
    • Structure
    • _________________
    • Focal point
    • Fits the environment
garden design11
Garden Design

Example: Kitchen gardens

-Purpose is to supply food for the kitchen

-Find in all cultures, traditions and gardening styles

-Often include ___________ and ornamental plants

-Size and design depend on need, location, and _______________________

garden design12
Garden Design

Four-square design

  • Tradition goes back to _______________ cottage gardens of 12th century
  • Allow for easy cultivation and ________________
  • Components
    • Equal sized ___________________
    • Solid surfaced pathways – two pathways with one traditionally running from garden gate to house
    • __________________ beds
    • An enclosure – creates feel of outdoor room
    • Access to _________________
prepare the site
Prepare the site
  • Using ___________ and a measuring tape stake out the garden
    • Use 3 by 4 by 5 right triangle to have perpendicular sides
  • Remove __________ or other vegetation
    • May want to use nonselective herbicide
    • Want to prevent __________________
prepare the site14
Prepare the site
  • Can use shovel, __________, or tractor to turn the soil
  • Good time to add soil amendments and ___________________
  • _____________ digging
    • Traditional soil preparation method where a trench is dug and soil dug from trench
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