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Planning the Garden Introduction Garden is a personal place If you are a beginning gardener, start with a _____________ space “A small garden well tended is much more satisfying than a large neglected one.” How To Get Started Select a _________ for a garden Locate existing features

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Planning the Garden

Introduction

  • Garden is a personal place

  • If you are a beginning gardener, start with a _____________ space

  • “A small garden well tended is much more satisfying than a large neglected one.”


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How To Get Started

  • Select a _________ for a garden

  • Locate existing features

  • List desired items

  • Draw a _________

  • Prepare the site


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Selecting a garden site

  • Explore your options

    • What land do you have available?

      • Your options are limited by available land

    • Solo garden or __________________ garden?

    • In-ground or container garden?

  • ________________ factors will influence the microclimate

    • Microclimate influences vegetable plantings


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Examples of microclimate effects

_____________ determine length of growing season

  • Low-lying areas (calledfrost pockets) - frosts occur later in spring and earlier in fall

    • ____________ air flows down hills and collects in valleys

  • Restricted air flow – traps cold air

    • Avoid ______________ or evergreen trees on downhill side of garden


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Examples of microclimate effects

Soil texture class determines drainage, ________________ holding capacity and ability to work soil

  • Soil particles

    • Clay - Smallest particle size and poorest drainage

    • Silt

    • Sand - Largest particle size and best drainage

  • Causes of poor drainage

    • ___________________ layer of soil

    • Compacted topsoil

    • Soils dominated by ______________ particles


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    Example – soil texture class

    Ways to improve soil drainage

    • Add ___________ matter

      • Binds soil particles together

    • Drainage systems

      • ________________ PVC pipe buried in soil

    • Raised beds

      • Raise planting beds above ground level


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    Locate existing features

    • May indicate problems that need to be addressed

      • Vegetable gardens are best in full sun for at least ________ hours

      • Poorly drained areas should be avoided or improved

    • Existing ____________ should be incorporated into the design


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    List desired items

    • Will determine the design of your garden and its utility

    • Consider location, your budget, _________________________ of the garden, and plants desired

    • In Illinois’ heavy soils solid-surfaced ________________________ and raised beds should be considered if permanent site


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    List desired items

    • Desired items may include:

      • Pathways

      • Raised beds

      • _________________

      • Compost bins

      • Benches

      • __________ features


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    Garden Design

    Elements to consider

    • ________________

      • How can you utilize the available space the best

    • Convenience

      • Located near residence

      • Easy access to ________

    • Beauty

      • Structure

      • _________________

      • Focal point

      • Fits the environment


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    Garden Design

    Example: Kitchen gardens

    -Purpose is to supply food for the kitchen

    -Find in all cultures, traditions and gardening styles

    -Often include ___________ and ornamental plants

    -Size and design depend on need, location, and _______________________


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    Garden Design

    Four-square design

    • Tradition goes back to _______________ cottage gardens of 12th century

    • Allow for easy cultivation and ________________

    • Components

      • Equal sized ___________________

      • Solid surfaced pathways – two pathways with one traditionally running from garden gate to house

      • __________________ beds

      • An enclosure – creates feel of outdoor room

      • Access to _________________


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    Prepare the site

    • Using ___________ and a measuring tape stake out the garden

      • Use 3 by 4 by 5 right triangle to have perpendicular sides

    • Remove __________ or other vegetation

      • May want to use nonselective herbicide

      • Want to prevent __________________


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    Prepare the site

    • Can use shovel, __________, or tractor to turn the soil

    • Good time to add soil amendments and ___________________

    • _____________ digging

      • Traditional soil preparation method where a trench is dug and soil dug from trench


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