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Littoral Combat Ship Concept of Operations Development SITREP Purpose of this Brief LCS CONOPS development SITREP Overarching guidance LCS employment – How LCS gets to the fight CONOPS overview – How LCS fights LCS development and experimentation CONOPS development timeline Conclusion

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Littoral combat ship l.jpg

Littoral Combat Ship

Concept of Operations Development SITREP


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Purpose of this Brief

  • LCS CONOPS development SITREP

  • Overarching guidance

  • LCS employment – How LCS gets to the fight

  • CONOPS overview – How LCS fights

  • LCS development and experimentation

  • CONOPS development timeline

  • Conclusion


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Overarching guidance

What the CONOPS paper will do

  • Descriptive document defining what LCS has to be able to do. How LCS fits in the Sea Power 21 operational concepts.

  • How LCS contributes to the emerging Global Naval Concept of Operations.

  • How LCS would be tactically employed in future contingency and wartime operations.

  • The Attributes of LCS that enable the ship to meet 21st century transformational characteristics.

  • How LCS will be operated, manned, supported, maintained, etc.

CONOPS is an overarching vision of LCS and its roles.


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Overarching guidance

“The Littoral Niche Player Challenge”

Communications

Imaging

Radiological

Commercial Space-Based C4ISR

Chemical

Navigation

Biological

Weapons of Mass

Destruction

Nuclear

Swarming

Small Boats

Theater Ballistic Missiles

Anti-Ship Cruise Missiles (shore-, ship- and air-Launched)

Land-Attack Cruise Missiles

Advanced

Conventional

Weapons

Ultra-Quiet Diesel Submarines

Sophisticated Sea Mines

“Double-Digit” SAMs

(fixed and mobile)

Decentralized, Internetted IADS

Cluttered Environment

Threat: Asymmetric, Overlapping, Commercially Available


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Overarching guidance

LCSSEA POWER 21 ENABLER

SEA STRIKE

Performs persistent ISR

EnableForced Entry for Joint Power Projection

Engage in power projection w/ USMC (STOM) and SOF (covert strike)

SEA SHIELD

Provides assured access by conducting MIW, littoral ASW, SUW,

ISR, and SOF support missions

Support Homeland Defense thru MIO and ISR roles

Provide Sea / Littoral Superiority by conducting MIW, Littoral

ASW, SUW and ISR missions

SEA BASING

Projecting persistent Offensive and Defensive Power

Provide security for Joint Assets & enable sea-based forces

Maneuver element for joint mobility and sustainment


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LCS Enables the Fleet to Provide Persistent Presence and Power - Global CONOPS

Expeditionary Strike Group MEU(SOC)

LCS Sqdrn Direct Support

CSG 3 Aegis EscortsOPS

MPF

TBMD SAGOps / UPK

CSG 3 Aegis Escorts Transit

CSG 3 Aegis EscortsOPS

LCS Sqdrn Direct Sup.

Expeditionary Strike Group MEU(SOC)

Surface Action Group OPS

TBMD SAGOps

MPF

MPF

Counter Narcotics’ Task Force

CSG 3 Aegis EscortsOPS / Transit

Expeditionary Strike Group MEU(SOC)

LCS Sqdrn Direct Support

  • Sea-based

  • Meets the demands of the 4-2-1 strategy, and…

  • Starting now

LCS Sqdrn Direct Support

Overarching guidance


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CONOPS Overview Power - Global CONOPS

LCS CONOPS Overview

  • Tailored warfighting capabilities

  • Three LCS employment concepts

  • LCS attributes and associated modules

  • Supports distributed off-board systems

  • Risk reduction


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CONOPS Overview Power - Global CONOPS

LCS CONOPS

Tailorable access force provides capability

across a broad spectrum of missions

Hostilities

Contingency

Tasking

(Log, MIO

NEO, HA)

Execute MCM,

ASW,

Anti-small Boat Ops

Requirement for Access

Precursor ops w/

Off-board

sensors

Seabasing support

Maneuver

Sustainment/

replenishment

Pre-conflict:

Conduct ISR

SOF C2

Transition to post-conflict:

MIO, escort, etc.

Mission Spectrum


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LCS Employment Power - Global CONOPS

LCS Employment Concepts

  • Integrated with CSG/ESG

    • Notionally, 2 to 3 LCS ships assigned to each strike group

    • Mission configuration will complement other strike group combatants

    • Commander determines “tailored” mission configurations

  • LCS Squadron Operations

    • Collective flexibility & versatility while providing mutual support

    • Forward deployed, but not forward based

    • Maintaining a continuous presence in critical theaters of operation

    • First response capability to anti-access crisis

    • Integrated with Joint Task Force assets to execute Access assurance

  • Limited Independent Operations

    • Mobility mission tasking in a known threat environment

    • Rapid response to contingency mission tasking

Flexible & responsive . . . Supporting Global ConOps


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CONOPS overview Power - Global CONOPS

LCS Squadron Concept

Notional Squadron

Configuration

  • Collective flexibility & versatility

  • Forward deployed, but not forward based

  • Mutual replenishment & logistic support

  • Maintaining a continuous presence in critical theaters of operations

  • First response capability to anti-access crisis

  • Integrated with Joint Task Force assets to execute Access assurance

  • Operations in direct support and supported by CSG/ESG

Uninstalled packages

MIW

SOF

MIW

MIO

SUW/ISR

Medical

MIW

ASW/SUW

ASW

ASW/SUW

IO

Mobility

Simultaneous rollback of anti-access threat with squadrons of LCS – not single ships


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CONOPS Overview Power - Global CONOPS

“The warfighting potential of LCS can only be achieved through the synergy between tailored mission packages and a platform optimized to exploit them employing innovative concepts of operations.”

VADM LaFleur, CNSF


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CONOPS Overview Power - Global CONOPS

Speed, maneuverability

& responsiveness

Fully netted with the Battle Force

Self deploying &

self sustaining

LCS collective versatility

LCS Attributes

Complements

DD (X), CG (X) & in-service

AEGIS fleet

Core

Capabilities

Modular Mission

Packages

Draws upon the

capabilities & fire power of

multimission ships

  • High payload fraction

  • Open architecture

  • Off-board systems

  • Networked

Stealth,

signature management

& shallow draft

Employ unmanned

air, surface & undersea

vehicles

“Based on…”

Experimentation at Sea.

(HSV, Skjold, Visby,Triton)

Focused LCS Workshops.

Results of Global War Gaming, & FBEs.

Fleet Input & Responses.

Studies & Analysis


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CONOPS Overview Power - Global CONOPS

LCS Capabilities

Fleet guidance says…

  • Heavy reliance on unmanned and off board systems.

  • Mission capability comes aboard with mission packages.

  • Mission packages are “plug-in” like technology…connect to LCS core support systems.

  • Mission packages may include additional “trained” personnel to operate equipment.

  • High payload fraction enables.

  • Packages “built” for rapid reconfigurability, are scalable and transportable by air & ship.

Like an “air frame,” visualize LCS as a “sea frame”


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CONOPS Overview Power - Global CONOPS

Modular Mission Capabilities


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CONOPS Overview Power - Global CONOPS

Distributed Off-Board Systems

LCS “niche” missionsexploit

power of distributed systems:

ISR

SAT or UAV Relay

  • Numbers

  • Coverage area

  • Reduced vulnerability

  • Keep at arms length

  • Network

SUW

ASW

MIW


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CONOPS Overview Power - Global CONOPS

FORCEnet

  • Tactical network capabilities are critical to LCS CONOPS

  • Challenge is providing OTH connectivity between LCS and unmanned sensors/vehicles

  • Several strategies are under study. These efforts need resources to enable a network capability

  • Mission packages must set network requirements

Without FORCEnet, LCS will be as limited in value as

previous small U.S. Navy ships


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CONOPS Overview Power - Global CONOPS

LCS risks are mitigated by…

  • Platform Attributes

    • Speed and agility

    • Shallow draft

    • Signature management and deception

  • Environment

    • Maneuver and dispersion

    • Clutter and complexity

  • Networked threat awareness

    • Off-board distributed sensors

    • Reach-back

    • Links with ESG/CSG

  • CONOPS

    • Standoff using OBS

    • LCS as a tripwire

…conducting “niche” missions, with potentially more numbers. LCS does NOT deliver “the crushing blow.”


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LCS Development Power - Global CONOPS

LCS Development Issues

  • Focus is on LCS attributes and warfighting capabilities

    • Mission package development, employment and logistics support considerations

    • LCS platform interface requirements for mission packages

    • Network and autonomous off-board systems development and integration

    • Signature reduction, innovative materials, hull forms, propulsion

  • But Organizational Innovations are still required

    • Innovative crewing methods for core/module missions

    • Mission planning and training

    • C2 for spectrum of missions and employment options

    • Maintenance support

Experimentation will play a critical role in filling the “gaps” in LCS development


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LCS Development Power - Global CONOPS

LCS Trade Space

  • Hullform

  • Seakeeping

  • Speed

  • Endurance

  • Displacement

  • Draft

  • Payload fraction

  • Construction material

  • Signature

  • Cost

Experimentation defines the trade space


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LCS CONOPS TIMELINE Power - Global CONOPS

01 OCT: NWDC CONOPS brief submitted to CFFC, CNSF, N76, CNSL, PEO(S) for initial review.

7 NOV NWDC CONOPS sitrep brief to CFFC

Wk 12 NOV NWDC CONOPS sitrep submitted to OPNAV Staff and others

Wk 25 NOV NWDC brief CNO on CONOPS development

3-4 DEC SWFOC presentation on LCS CONOPS

10-11 JAN SWCC presentation on LCS CONOPS

CNSF/NWDC delivers CONOPS to CFFC for final approval

31 JAN LCS baseline CONOPS document submitted to N76

Brief to competing LCS industry teams and others


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Conclusions Power - Global CONOPS

  • Strategic environment requires capabilities that are

    • Adaptive, responsive, self-sustaining

  • LCS is a transformational response to this strategic environment requirement

    • LCS spiral development and and CONOPS will be dynamic throughout the entire life of the ship

  • The modular approach and open architecture allows LCS to be evolved and modernized to meet:

    • Emerging technology

    • Evolving threats

    • A wide spectrum of missions

  • LCS CONOPS provides the pathway to fuse the platform, mission packages, and network into a warfighting capability.


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Questions? Power - Global CONOPS


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