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Limiting Government. President Fujimori of Peru is an example of what can happen when a government has nothing to limit its power. . There are many ways that governments are kept in “check” (limited) so they won’t have too much power. . Constitution. Minority Rights. Rule of Law.

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President Fujimori of Peru is an example of what can happen when a government has nothing to limit its power.


There are many ways that governments are kept in “check” (limited) so they won’t have too much power.


Constitution (limited) so they won’t have too much power.

Minority Rights

Rule of Law

Checks on Government

Consent of the Governed

Separation of Power


Constitution
Constitution (limited) so they won’t have too much power.

A constitution is the rulebook for a country’s government.

  • Here’s how a constitution limits government:

  • Tells how laws are made

  • Sets rules for how the government functions

  • Lists the rights and responsibilities of citizens

  • Most countries have written constitutions


Constitution1
Constitution (limited) so they won’t have too much power.

When President Fujimori took control of Peru’s government, what did he do to Peru’s constitution?


Constitution2
Constitution (limited) so they won’t have too much power.

Constitutions limit government by:

Quick Review!

Telling how ________ are made

laws

Setting ________ for the government

rules

Listing the _________ and the _______________ of citizens

rights

responsibilities


Rule of law (limited) so they won’t have too much power. means that nobody is above the law.

  • The law applies to everyone

  • Even the president must follow the law

  • The government can’t take illegal actions

Here’s how the rule of law limits government:


Rule of law
Rule of Law (limited) so they won’t have too much power.

The rule of law is stronger in some countries than it is in others.

Check this out:

Strongest (90-100%)

Strong (75-90%)

Average (50-75%)

Weak (25-50%)

Weaker (10-25%)

Weakest/None(0-10%)

2005 – Worldwide Governance Indicators


Rule of law1
Rule of Law (limited) so they won’t have too much power.

When President Fujimori took control of the government, did he follow the law?


The rule of law limits government because: (limited) so they won’t have too much power.

Quick Review!

The law applies to ____________

everyone

Even the ___________ must follow the law

President

The government cannot take actions that are _________

illegal


Separation of power (limited) so they won’t have too much power. divides power among different branches of government.

  • No branch has all the power

  • Each branch can “check” (limit) what the other branches do

  • Responsibilities are balanced among the branches

Here’s how separation of power limits government:


Lots of countries around the world separate power into branches!

Check this out:

Iceland

France

Hungary

AND MORE!

Canada

Greece

United States

Japan

Mexico

Indonesia

Jamaica

Fiji

Panama

Pakistan

Chile

Morocco

Egypt

Iran



Separation of power limits government because: control of Peru’s government?

Quick Review!

No branch has all the _______

power

Each branch can “________” what the other branches do

check

Responsibilities are ___________ among all the branches

balanced


Consent of the governed control of Peru’s government? means that the citizens give their permission for the government to operate.

  • Citizens have the right to vote

  • Citizens can use their vote to change how the government is run

  • By voting, citizens could even change the constitution

Here’s how consent of the governed limits government:


Citizens in many countries around the world have the right to vote.

Check this out:

Election Posters from Around the World


When President Fujimori took control of the government, did the majority of Peru’s citizens support him?


Consent of the governed limits government because: the majority of Peru’s citizens support him?

Quick Review!

Citizens have the right to________

vote

Citizens can use their vote to __________ how the government is run

change

By voting, citizens could even change the ______________

Constitution


Minority rights the majority of Peru’s citizens support him? give protection of the law to every group of people, no matter how small.

  • Everyone’s rights are protected

  • Nobody is too unimportant to be treated equally under the law

  • Even unpopular groups must be treated fairly

Here’s how minority rights limit government:


Minority rights
Minority Rights the majority of Peru’s citizens support him?

When President Fujimori took control of the government, was he looking out for the rights of all people (even suspected terrorists)?


Minority rights limit government because: the majority of Peru’s citizens support him?

Quick Review!

Everyone’s rights are ___________

protected

Nobody is too _____________ to be treated equally under the law

unimportant

Even ____________ groups must be treated fairly

unpopular


Limiting government1
LIMITING GOVERNMENT the majority of Peru’s citizens support him?

Let’s review!


The rulebook for a government is called… the majority of Peru’s citizens support him?

A constitution!

Good Job!


Splitting a government into different branches is called… the majority of Peru’s citizens support him?

Separation of Power!

Keep it up!


Protecting even small or unpopular groups of people is called…

Minority Rights!

You’re on a roll!


A country where citizens show their approval or disapproval by voting has…

Consent of the Governed!

Nice one!


A country where nobody is above the law has … by voting has…

Rule of Law!

Way to go!


President fujimori
President Fujimori by voting has…

Discuss It: Which limits did President Fujimori have after he took control of the government?

Constitution

Rule of Law

Separating Power

Minority Rights

Consent of the Governed


President fujimori1
President Fujimori by voting has…

What do you think?

Is it enough for a government to have only one limitation on its power?


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