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Limiting Government. President Fujimori of Peru is an example of what can happen when a government has nothing to limit its power. . There are many ways that governments are kept in “check” (limited) so they won’t have too much power. . Constitution. Minority Rights. Rule of Law.

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Presentation Transcript
slide2

President Fujimori of Peru is an example of what can happen when a government has nothing to limit its power.

slide3

There are many ways that governments are kept in “check” (limited) so they won’t have too much power.

slide4

Constitution

Minority Rights

Rule of Law

Checks on Government

Consent of the Governed

Separation of Power

constitution
Constitution

A constitution is the rulebook for a country’s government.

  • Here’s how a constitution limits government:
  • Tells how laws are made
  • Sets rules for how the government functions
  • Lists the rights and responsibilities of citizens
  • Most countries have written constitutions
constitution1
Constitution

When President Fujimori took control of Peru’s government, what did he do to Peru’s constitution?

constitution2
Constitution

Constitutions limit government by:

Quick Review!

Telling how ________ are made

laws

Setting ________ for the government

rules

Listing the _________ and the _______________ of citizens

rights

responsibilities

slide8

Rule of law means that nobody is above the law.

  • The law applies to everyone
  • Even the president must follow the law
  • The government can’t take illegal actions

Here’s how the rule of law limits government:

rule of law
Rule of Law

The rule of law is stronger in some countries than it is in others.

Check this out:

Strongest (90-100%)

Strong (75-90%)

Average (50-75%)

Weak (25-50%)

Weaker (10-25%)

Weakest/None(0-10%)

2005 – Worldwide Governance Indicators

rule of law1
Rule of Law

When President Fujimori took control of the government, did he follow the law?

slide11

The rule of law limits government because:

Quick Review!

The law applies to ____________

everyone

Even the ___________ must follow the law

President

The government cannot take actions that are _________

illegal

slide12

Separation of power divides power among different branches of government.

  • No branch has all the power
  • Each branch can “check” (limit) what the other branches do
  • Responsibilities are balanced among the branches

Here’s how separation of power limits government:

slide13

Lots of countries around the world separate power into branches!

Check this out:

Iceland

France

Hungary

AND MORE!

Canada

Greece

United States

Japan

Mexico

Indonesia

Jamaica

Fiji

Panama

Pakistan

Chile

Morocco

Egypt

Iran

slide15

Separation of power limits government because:

Quick Review!

No branch has all the _______

power

Each branch can “________” what the other branches do

check

Responsibilities are ___________ among all the branches

balanced

slide16

Consent of the governed means that the citizens give their permission for the government to operate.

  • Citizens have the right to vote
  • Citizens can use their vote to change how the government is run
  • By voting, citizens could even change the constitution

Here’s how consent of the governed limits government:

slide17

Citizens in many countries around the world have the right to vote.

Check this out:

Election Posters from Around the World

slide18

When President Fujimori took control of the government, did the majority of Peru’s citizens support him?

slide19

Consent of the governed limits government because:

Quick Review!

Citizens have the right to________

vote

Citizens can use their vote to __________ how the government is run

change

By voting, citizens could even change the ______________

Constitution

slide20

Minority rights give protection of the law to every group of people, no matter how small.

  • Everyone’s rights are protected
  • Nobody is too unimportant to be treated equally under the law
  • Even unpopular groups must be treated fairly

Here’s how minority rights limit government:

minority rights
Minority Rights

When President Fujimori took control of the government, was he looking out for the rights of all people (even suspected terrorists)?

slide22

Minority rights limit government because:

Quick Review!

Everyone’s rights are ___________

protected

Nobody is too _____________ to be treated equally under the law

unimportant

Even ____________ groups must be treated fairly

unpopular

limiting government1
LIMITING GOVERNMENT

Let’s review!

slide26

Protecting even small or unpopular groups of people is called…

Minority Rights!

You’re on a roll!

slide27

A country where citizens show their approval or disapproval by voting has…

Consent of the Governed!

Nice one!

president fujimori
President Fujimori

Discuss It: Which limits did President Fujimori have after he took control of the government?

Constitution

Rule of Law

Separating Power

Minority Rights

Consent of the Governed

president fujimori1
President Fujimori

What do you think?

Is it enough for a government to have only one limitation on its power?

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