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Horticultural Trade Trends Under NAFTA - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Fruits and Vegetables And everything you never thought you would learn about them…. Servings How many servings of vegetables should the average person have every day? 1 - 4 cups How many servings of fruit should the average person have every day? 1 – 2 ½ cups Nutrients

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Fruits and Vegetables

And everything you never thought you would learn about them….


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Servings

  • How many servings of vegetables should the average person have every day?

    • 1 - 4 cups

  • How many servings of fruit should the average person have every day?

    • 1 – 2 ½ cups


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    Nutrients

    • What nutrients do we get from fruits and vegetables?

      • Carbohydrates

      • Vitamins

      • Minerals

  • Because fruits and vegetables have different vitamins and minerals, how can we ensure that we get all the different vitamins and minerals that we need?

    • Eat a wide variety


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  • Which fruits are the best choice for maximum nutrients?

    • Fresh fruits with edible peelings


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    Serving Sizes

    • Vegetable Serving Sizes

      • 1 cup leafy

      • ½ cup cooked or chopped fresh

      • ¾ cup juice

    • Fruit Serving Sizes

      • 1 medium fruit

      • ½ cup chopped raw, cooked, canned

      • ¾ cup juice (Only 100% juice counts!!)


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    Selecting and Preparing Fruits and Vegetables

    • How do you select a quality fruit or vegetable?

      • Appearance, feel, smell, weight

    • What are the characteristics you want to consider?

      • Color

      • Firm Texture

      • Smooth skin

      • Dense (heavy for size)

      • Free from bruises

      • No decay

      • Smells good


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    Selecting and Preparing Fruits and Vegetables

    • What does it mean if a fruit is seasonal?

      • Grown and harvested during a certain season.

  • Why is it a good reason to buy seasonal fruits in season?

    • Lower cost, plentiful, and quality is better

  • How long will most fruit last after it is picked?

    • 1 week

  • What are some ways to preserve fruits?

    • Jam, jelly, canned, syrup, juice, and frozen


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    Selecting and Preparing Fruits and Vegetables

    • When selecting fruit at the store, what should you consider when deciding what form to buy?

      • Your intended use and price

  • Why are some fruits picked ripe?

    • They ripen best on the vine or tree; Don’t ripen well off the tree

  • Which fruits are generally picked ripe?

    • Oranges, apples, grapefruit

  • Why are some fruits picked when they are green or unripe?

    • Ripen well after they are picked; may fall off the tree if you wait and will get bruised


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    Selecting and Preparing Fruits and Vegetables

    • What fruits are generally picked green or unripe?

      • Pears, peaches, bananas, cantaloupe, watermelon

  • How can you ripen fruits after buying them?

    • In a brown paper sack or in plastic with holes poked in it

  • How should most produce be stored?

    • Room temperature

  • Where is the place that most fruits should not be stored?

    • In the fridge


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    Selecting and Preparing Fruits and Vegetables

    • Where should potatoes and onions be stored?

      • Room temperature in a very dark and dry place

  • Why is it important to wash vegetables and fruits before eating them?

    • Wash off pesticides and waxes

  • Why do most fruits turn brown when they are cut?

    • Oxidation or enzymatic browning

  • How can you prevent fruit from turning brown after it is cut?

    • Dip them in a citrus juice or liquid with ascorbic acid


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    Selecting and Preparing Fruits and Vegetables

    • How does cooking affect fruits and vegetables?

      • Destroys vitamins, breaks down cell walls, enhances flavor

  • What three things destroy the nutrients in fruits and vegetables?

    • Heat

    • Air

    • Water


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    Selecting and Preparing Fruits and Vegetables

    • How can you avoid nutrient loss when cooking?

      • Cook in larger pieces

      • Use small amounts of water

      • Cook only until fork tender

      • Cook quickly

  • How can you use some of the nutrients that are taken out during cooking?

    • Save the water and use it in gravies, sauces, and breads


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    Selecting and Preparing Fruits and Vegetables

    • What are the two best ways for cooking vegetables to preserve the most nutrients?

      • Microwave

      • Stir-fry

  • What is the procedure for poaching a fruit?

    • Make a sugar water solution; bring to a boil, cook whole fruit in the boiling sugar water

  • What is the procedure for making applesauce?

    • Add the sugar after you have cooked and softened the small pieces of apple


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