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Fruits and Vegetables PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Fruits and Vegetables And everything you never thought you would learn about them…. Servings How many servings of vegetables should the average person have every day? 1 - 4 cups How many servings of fruit should the average person have every day? 1 – 2 ½ cups Nutrients

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Fruits and Vegetables

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Fruits and vegetables l.jpg

Fruits and Vegetables

And everything you never thought you would learn about them….


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Servings

  • How many servings of vegetables should the average person have every day?

    • 1 - 4 cups

  • How many servings of fruit should the average person have every day?

    • 1 – 2 ½ cups


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    Nutrients

    • What nutrients do we get from fruits and vegetables?

      • Carbohydrates

      • Vitamins

      • Minerals

  • Because fruits and vegetables have different vitamins and minerals, how can we ensure that we get all the different vitamins and minerals that we need?

    • Eat a wide variety


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    • Which vegetables have the most vitamins and minerals?

      • Dark green and orange

  • Which fruits are the best choice for maximum nutrients?

    • Fresh fruits with edible peelings


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    Serving Sizes

    • Vegetable Serving Sizes

      • 1 cup leafy

      • ½ cup cooked or chopped fresh

      • ¾ cup juice

    • Fruit Serving Sizes

      • 1 medium fruit

      • ½ cup chopped raw, cooked, canned

      • ¾ cup juice (Only 100% juice counts!!)


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    Selecting and Preparing Fruits and Vegetables

    • How do you select a quality fruit or vegetable?

      • Appearance, feel, smell, weight

    • What are the characteristics you want to consider?

      • Color

      • Firm Texture

      • Smooth skin

      • Dense (heavy for size)

      • Free from bruises

      • No decay

      • Smells good


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    Selecting and Preparing Fruits and Vegetables

    • What does it mean if a fruit is seasonal?

      • Grown and harvested during a certain season.

  • Why is it a good reason to buy seasonal fruits in season?

    • Lower cost, plentiful, and quality is better

  • How long will most fruit last after it is picked?

    • 1 week

  • What are some ways to preserve fruits?

    • Jam, jelly, canned, syrup, juice, and frozen


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    Selecting and Preparing Fruits and Vegetables

    • When selecting fruit at the store, what should you consider when deciding what form to buy?

      • Your intended use and price

  • Why are some fruits picked ripe?

    • They ripen best on the vine or tree; Don’t ripen well off the tree

  • Which fruits are generally picked ripe?

    • Oranges, apples, grapefruit

  • Why are some fruits picked when they are green or unripe?

    • Ripen well after they are picked; may fall off the tree if you wait and will get bruised


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    Selecting and Preparing Fruits and Vegetables

    • What fruits are generally picked green or unripe?

      • Pears, peaches, bananas, cantaloupe, watermelon

  • How can you ripen fruits after buying them?

    • In a brown paper sack or in plastic with holes poked in it

  • How should most produce be stored?

    • Room temperature

  • Where is the place that most fruits should not be stored?

    • In the fridge


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    Selecting and Preparing Fruits and Vegetables

    • Where should potatoes and onions be stored?

      • Room temperature in a very dark and dry place

  • Why is it important to wash vegetables and fruits before eating them?

    • Wash off pesticides and waxes

  • Why do most fruits turn brown when they are cut?

    • Oxidation or enzymatic browning

  • How can you prevent fruit from turning brown after it is cut?

    • Dip them in a citrus juice or liquid with ascorbic acid


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    Selecting and Preparing Fruits and Vegetables

    • How does cooking affect fruits and vegetables?

      • Destroys vitamins, breaks down cell walls, enhances flavor

  • What three things destroy the nutrients in fruits and vegetables?

    • Heat

    • Air

    • Water


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    Selecting and Preparing Fruits and Vegetables

    • How can you avoid nutrient loss when cooking?

      • Cook in larger pieces

      • Use small amounts of water

      • Cook only until fork tender

      • Cook quickly

  • How can you use some of the nutrients that are taken out during cooking?

    • Save the water and use it in gravies, sauces, and breads


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    Selecting and Preparing Fruits and Vegetables

    • What are the two best ways for cooking vegetables to preserve the most nutrients?

      • Microwave

      • Stir-fry

  • What is the procedure for poaching a fruit?

    • Make a sugar water solution; bring to a boil, cook whole fruit in the boiling sugar water

  • What is the procedure for making applesauce?

    • Add the sugar after you have cooked and softened the small pieces of apple


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