Dairy Development started in early fifties with FAO support.Production system crop-livestock-forest integrated in hills. In high mountains, yak and chauries are reared in transhumance system. Seasonal fluctuation in milk production-collection (flush season; August-September to January-February) Ratio of lean to flush season production is about 1:3 in most of the country and 1:1.5 in areas where the feed supply is better. Seasonal breeding pattern of buffaloes and availability of green forag1143
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1. Dairy Sector in Nepal Dairy sub-sector shares more than 60 % of livestock sector contribution to GDP.
Annual production of milk is 1.35 million metric ton. Buffaloes contribute more than 2/3 of the volume.
13 % of total cattle population (0.9 million) & 26 % buffaloes (1.19 million) are milking.
Crossbreeding with Jersey and Holstein Friesian cattle & Murrah buffaloes for breed improvement.
Predominantly smallholder production system. About 150 thousand farm families affiliated to 1500 primary Coops.
2. Dairy Development started in early fifties with FAO support.
Production system crop-livestock-forest integrated in hills.
In high mountains, yak and chauries are reared in transhumance system.
Seasonal fluctuation in milk production-collection (flush season; August-September to January-February)
Ratio of lean to flush season production is about 1:3 in most of the country and 1:1.5 in areas where the feed supply is better.
Seasonal breeding pattern of buffaloes and availability of green forages are main reasons. Brief overview...
3. Public-private partnership strategy promoted by the DLS in ADB supported projects has been useful for;
expansion of milk collection networks; chilling facilities
raising awareness in hygienic milk production and improving keeping quality of milk
products diversification and
strengthening management capabilities of dairy coops and private dairies (small and medium scale).
Attracting private sector investments in dairy processing and marketing has resulted in increased demand for milk
Provisions of the Agri-business Promotion Policy on promotion of dairy industry are not fully operational. Status and structure of current dairy strategy
4. Human resources development strategy in dairy sector did not receive due priority; lack of qualified professionals in the public as well as in the private sector.
Forage based milk production system has not been expanded widely; limited in some production pockets.
Adoption of code of practices in dairy industries and its monitoring/ regulation is weak; there are wide variations in the quality of dairy products in the market.
Status and structure...
5. Policies affecting dairy sector Dairy Development Policy 2008 is the main policy document of the government;
Guided by the provisions and the spirit of the Agriculture Perspective Plan (1995-2015), National Agriculture Policy 2004, National Milk marketing and Strategy Study 2001, Agri-business Promotion Policy 2006.
The Three Year Interim Plan (2007-2009) has targeted higher growth rate in milk production (4.6 percent per annum).
Policies of the government on meeting food security arising from the global food grain crisis and the priorities accorded for them affects public sector investment in dairy sector.
6. Major constraints Scientific milk pricing policy is lacking.
Poor milk quality a persistent problem in the dairy industry. This is associated with a lack of farmer awareness in clean milk production. Unhygienic milk production starts with the farmer and causes loss of income along the milk chain.
Predominance of small holder producers; high cost in production as well as in collection.
Lack of human resources and technology support in private sector.
Access to animal health and breeding services is limited.
Poor animal feed resources base.
7. Breed improvement in small holders farming system
Lack of elite herds of cattle and buffaloes in the country both in Government and Private sector
Sustaining the productivity of improved animals
Control and eradication of economically important diseases
Lack of business plan/ entrepreneur skills
Quality management in value chain Challenges
8. Policy Vision To contribute to national economic development by commercially, qualitatively and competitively developing the dairy sector for employment generation and poverty reduction with the participation of government, cooperatives and private sector
9. Long term vision for the sector Substitute the import of milk and milk products in the country
Encourage private sector investment in dairy sector.
Emphasis on quality improvement (code of hygienic practices, GMP, HACCP in dairy industries).
Enhance competitiveness of Nepalese dairy industry.
Comprehensive study to guide appropriate dairy development strategies and program (perspective plan).
NDDB role on policy formulation and implementation/ trade regulation needs strengthening.
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