Comparison of Network Characteristics of Foreign & Native Academic Scientist in STEM fields Kamna Lal Wan-Ling Huang Eric W. Welch Prepared for presentation at ST&E Policy Lab Symposium March 17-18 th 2009, CUPPA-UIC, Chicago Research questions
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Comparison of Network Characteristics of Foreign & Native Academic Scientist in STEM fields
Eric W. Welch
Prepared for presentation at ST&E Policy Lab Symposium
March 17-18th 2009, CUPPA-UIC, Chicago
Culture-Value Framework (Hofstede, 1980)
culture differential can explain workplace behaviors, attitudes and other organizational outcomes
Proposition: Foreign born and native scientist develop their network structure and network relationships differently due to culture differences
H1:The native scientists have a larger network than the foreign born scientists
(Melin, 2004; DiTomaso; Ibarra, 1995; Farris, & Cordero, 1993 )
H2: There is a difference between native scientists and foreign born scientists in the propensity for external collaboration
(Krackhardt & Stern,1988; Lee, 2004; Bozeman & Corley, 2004)
H3: Foreign born scientists have a denser network than native scientists.
(Burt, 1992, 2004; Tanyildiz, 2008 )
H4: The closeness ties are more and frequent in case of foreign nationals.
(Alder, 1997; Trompenaars, 1998)
H5: Foreign born scientists have larger proportion of senior collaborators in their network (Fox & Faver, 1984 )
H6: Foreign born scientists have smaller proportion of peer collaborators in their network (Hafernik et al., 1997; Katz & Martin, 1997; Melin, 2000)
H7: Foreign born scientists from countries with similar culture and language as U.S. will have a similar network structure and relationship pattern as native scientists, vice versa (Carliner, 2000; Alder, 1997; Espenshade & Fu, 1997; Trompenaars, 1998)
Language Explanation: India-post colonial country*
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