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Colons and Semicolons. By Christy Bynum, Larica Kintchen and James Burdge . What is a Colon?. It follows an independent clause and introduces one of 3 things: A defining example A list A quotation. Examples of Using a Colon. She had only one person to blame: herself.

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Colons and semicolons

Colons and Semicolons

By Christy Bynum, Larica Kintchen and James Burdge


What is a colon
What is a Colon?

  • It follows an independent clause and introduces one of 3 things:

  • A defining example

  • A list

  • A quotation


Examples of using a colon
Examples of Using a Colon

  • She had only one person to blame: herself.

  • The baseball coach claimed the team’s success stemmed from four things: solid pitching, good fielding, consistent hitting, and excellent teamwork.

  • The chairman was forceful in his pleas for help: “Everyone must do his or her part to make this company profitable in the third quarter.”


What is a semicolon
What is a Semicolon?

  • A punctuation symbol used to separate major sentence elements

  • Use them to join two independent clauses

  • Use them to separate a list which already has internal commas

  • Link clauses connected by conjunctive adverbs or transitional phrases


Examples of semicolons
Examples of Semicolons

  • My grandmother goes to bed early; she’s afraid of missing out on something.

  • My favorite pizza combinations are sausage, pepperoni, and onions; extra cheese, mushrooms, and hamburger; and peppers, onions, and olives.

  • We greatly appreciated your excellent on-the-job performance; therefore, we are giving you a raise.


Works cited
Works Cited

  • "Semicolons." The Writing Center: University of Wisconsin-Madison. 2006. The Writing Center: University of Wisconsin-Madison. 26 June 2007 <http://www.wisc.edu/writing/Handbo ok/Semicolons.html>.

  • "The Semicolon." Guide to Grammar and Writing. The Guide to Grammar and Writing. 26 June 2007 <http://grammar.ccc.commnet.edu/grammar/marks /semicolon.htm>.

  • "Basic Colon And Semicolon Rules ." Faculty of Arts Writing Centre. 2001. Memorial University of Newfoundland. 26 June 2007 <http://www.mun.ca/writingcentre/colonrules.shtml>.


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