Cognitive Development. “Acquiring knowledge”. I. What is cognitive development?. The process by which our intellectual abilities (problem solving, perception, reasoning, etc.) form & evolve over time. Are cognitions different from behaviors?????.
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From a behaviorist point of view, cognitions (thoughts, beliefs) are believed to be “actions” and as such are behaviors.
The primary difference between cognitions & other overt behaviors that can be seen is the location.
Skinner argued that cognitions are really behaviors that occur inside the skin, which he called private events.
1. Animistic thinking (the attribution of life to inanimate objects).
E.g, a child believing the wind talks to the trees.
The child views world from his/her own perspective; can’t see it from others view.
*Perform a seriation task- in which objects are grouped on the basis of a specific dimension (height, length).
*Perform class inclusion problems (if child is given 5 toy cats & 3 toy short-haired tabbies (a type of cat) & asked whether there are more cats than tabbies, they can’t do it.