Chapter 7 the agile supply chain
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Chapter 7 The agile supply chain. 1. 2. The concept of agility. Agile practices. Content. What are the dimensions of the agile supply chain?. 1. The concept of Agility. Key issue. The concept of Agility. Market sensitive Supply chain is capable of reading and responding to real demand

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Chapter 7 The agile supply chain

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Chapter 7 the agile supply chain

Chapter 7The agile supply chain


Content

1.

2.

The concept of agility

Agile practices

Content


The concept of agility

What are the dimensions of the agile supply chain?

1

The concept of Agility

  • Key issue


The concept of agility1

The concept of Agility

  • Market sensitive

    • Supply chain is capable of reading and responding to real demand

  • Virtual

    • Information-based supply chain, rather than inventory-based.

Agile supply chain


The concept of agility2

The concept of Agility

  • Network based

    • EDI and internet enable partners in the supply chain to act upon the real demand

  • Process integration

    • Collaborative working between buyers and suppliers, joint product development, common systems and shared information

Agile supply chain


The concept of agility3

Efficiency, cost

end-customers become more knowledgeable about product

Lean supply chain

1980’s

Focus

Agile supply chain

1990’s

Responsiveness

The concept of Agility

  • Demand characteristics and supply capabilities


The concept of agility4

The concept of Agility

  • Demand characteristics and supply capabilities


The concept of agility5

The concept of Agility

Comparison of characteristics of lean and agile supply


The concept of agility6

The concept of Agility

Source: Mason-Jones, Naylor and Towill (2000), Engineering the leagile supply chain


The concept of agility7

Supply characteristics

Hold inventory: hedge and deploy

Plan and control

Long lead time

React and execute: agile capabilities

Short lead time

JIT: pull scheduling

Demand characteristics

Predictable market

Unpredictable markets

The concept of Agility


The concept of agility8

The concept of Agility

  • Application of leagility: separation of ‘base’ and ‘surge’ demands


Chapter 7 the agile supply chain

  • Application of leagility: the Pareto curve approach

Source: Martin, Christopher and Denis Towill, An integrated model for the design of agile supply chains


Chapter 7 the agile supply chain

  • Application of leagility: the de-coupling point approach


The concept of agility9

The concept of Agility

  • Preconditions for successful agile practice

    • Enterprise-level reality check

    • Cost of complexity sanity check

    • Lowering the cost of complexity: avoiding overly expensive agility

    • Forecasting: reduce the need for last minutes crises

      • External: demand forecast

      • Internal: financial forecast, asset forecast


Content1

1.

2.

The concept of agility

Agile practices

Content


Agile practices

How can we use agile practices to benefit from turbulence in the marketplace?

1

Agile practices

  • Key issue


Agile practices1

Agile practices

  • Three characteristics of supply chain operations related to agile

    • Mastering and benefiting from variation in demand;

    • Very fast response to market opportunities;

    • Unique or low volume response.


Agile practices2

Demand variance

Time

Agile practices

  • Benefiting from variance

    • Three sources of demand uncertainty

      • Seasonality

      • Product life cycles

      • End-customer demand


Agile practices3

Organize

Adjust

Volume

Agile capability is needed

Start up

Micro-markets

variety

Agile practices

  • Benefiting from variance

    • Three sources of demand uncertainty

      • Seasonality

      • Product life cycles

      • End-customer demand


Agile practices4

Agile practices

  • Benefiting from short time windows

    • Decreased D-time requires different levels of agility (VMI & QR)

      • Speed of replenishment

      • Upstream time sensitivity

      • Information dissemination and alignment


Agile practices5

Agile practices

  • Benefiting from small volume

    • Small volume is a result of micro-markets, customization and rapid responsiveness.

    • Three approaches of agile strategy related to small volume

      • Changeover flexibility

      • Modularity at the network level

      • Service-based and information-based solutions


Agile practices6

Variety decrease

Mass production

Flexibility

Modular supply network

Craft production

Volume decrease

Agile practices

  • Benefiting from small volume


Chapter 7 the agile supply chain

An integrated model for enabling the Agile supply chain


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