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Ancient Greece A Step Back In Time Architecture Art, method and style of building. Prehistoric Architecture Prehistoric buildings were usually one room houses. Then people put in a wall to make two rooms. One room was for sleeping. The other room was for family activities.

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A step back in time l.jpg

AncientGreece

A Step Back In Time


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Architecture

Art, method and style of building.


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Prehistoric Architecture

  • Prehistoric buildings were usually one room houses.

  • Then people put in a wall to make two rooms. One room was for sleeping. The other room was for family activities.

  • The houses were very small.


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Grecian Architecture

  • The Greeks wanted bigger houses.

  • The Grecian homes had a living room, several bedrooms, a kitchen, a bathing room, a men’s dining room, and a women’s sitting room.

  • The rooms were built in a square around a courtyard. The courtyard had no roof.


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Look at a Floor Plan

for an ancient Greek house.


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How Do You Build a Bigger House?

  • The Greeks had to find a way to support their bigger houses.

  • To build a bigger house the prehistoric way would have meant the house would have fallen down.

  • The Greeks used columns to support their houses.


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Columns?

  • A column was a huge stick that held the roof up.

  • The first columns were made of wood.

  • The Greeks ran out of wood.

  • They had a lot of rock, so they used rock instead of wood.


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Marble

  • Marble is a kind of rock.

  • It comes in many colors and is beautiful.

  • There was a lot of marble in Greece.

  • Most of it was a creamy white color.

  • Many Grecian buildings are made of marble.


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Schools of Architecture

There were three schools of Grecian architecture.

  • Doric

  • Ionic

  • Corinthian


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Doric Columns

  • The top of the columns are a square block.

  • Under the block is a rounded piece.

  • The columns are thick.

  • The base is a square block.


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Doric

  • This is a drawing of a Doric column.

  • Notice the square block at the top.

  • Notice the rounded piece under the block.

  • The column is thick.

  • The base is made of a square block.


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Doric

  • This drawing shows how the Doric column was used.

  • The columns hold up the roof.

  • The roof line was very fancy.

  • The top of the column is called the capital.





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Doric Columns Today

The Lincoln Memorial in Washington, D.C.


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Doric Columns Today

Old Supreme Court Chamber



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Ionic Columns

  • The Ionic Column was invented next.

  • The Ionic capital looks like a scroll.

  • The Ionic column is skinnier.

  • The base has a rounded and a square section.


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Ionic

  • This is a drawing of an Ionic column.

  • Notice the capital is shaped like a scroll.

  • Notice the column is skinnier.

  • This base is square.

  • Many times the bases were fancier.


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Ionic

  • This drawing shows how the Ionic column was used.

  • The columns hold up the roof.

  • The roof line was very fancy.

  • The capital looks like a scroll.

  • The base is layered.



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Ionic Columns Today

Thomas Jefferson National Memorial


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Ionic Columns Today

Salem City Hall



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Corinthian Columns

  • Corinthian columns were the most decorative.

  • The capitals were carved to look like leaves.

  • The columns were the thinnest.


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Corinthian Columns

  • This is a drawing of a Corinthian column.

  • Notice the capital looks like leaves and flowers.

  • The column is the thinnest of all.

  • The base is the fanciest of all.


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Corinthian

  • This drawing shows how the column was used.

  • The column holds up the roof.

  • The roof line had lots of parts, but not so much carving.

  • The capital is very fancy and so is the base.




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Corinthian Columns Today

Hall of Columns in the Capital Building


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Corinthian Columns Today

United States Supreme Court Building



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UVA Uses All Three Columns

Thomas Jefferson used Doric, Ionic and Corinthian columns to teach Grecian architecture.


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