Team 11 reporting. Response to climate change - system approach Or: Landscape systems to adress climate change ( the group suggested this name at workshop in Minnesota 2009). Contact persons. UMN : Jason Hill Bioforsk: Lillian Øygarden UMB: Helen French.
Response to climatechange- system approach
Landscape systems to adressclimatechange
(the group suggested thisname at workshop in Minnesota 2009).
Contact persons. UMN : Jason Hill
Bioforsk: Lillian Øygarden
UMB: Helen French
St.meld. nr. 39 (WHITE PAPER) (2008–2009) Klimautfordringene – landbruket en del av løsningen Climate challenges- agriculture- part of the solution
Follow up 2010:
Ministry of agriculture and food: Priority to carbon storage in soil
Cooperation to USA and Canada. Minnesota specific mentioned
Monitoring catchments from the National Environmental Monitoring programme JOVA (presented by Johannes Deelstra )
For each field information on:
Crop production systems
Measurement of runoff, nutrient losses…….
Bioenergy from crop residues
Bioforsk Øst Apelsvoll
Bioforsk Øst Apelsvoll
Yearly heating requirement:
308 000 kWh
Straw furnace: 500 kW
Water tank: 50 000 L + 10 000 L network of pipes
92 tonn= 42 ha = 330 round bales
Normally 3 times a week
Straw storage facilites are going to be built
Heating costs: 72 øre/kWh
Focus on working with scenarios, risk assessment, planning tools, modelling, monitoring systems
Hydrological pathways as influenced by climate change ( nutrient losses ,erosion)
Separation of flowpaths: Base flow, Drain flow, Surface flow,…separate by isotope analysis
Paper: compare flow separation approaches
Extreme weather events for different Norwegian regions using meteorological network data and the WINDS model combined with down scaled climate scenarios from the Meteorological institute
What will happen to groundwater recharge?
Effect of scale and climate change on watershed management (agriculture, future)
Climate change and effect on drainage design. Urban areas- storm water- rain gardens
Controlled drainage and climate change and the effect on release of N2O and phosphorus…
Ecosystem approach to climate change issues (hydrology, plants, carbon sequestration…)
Decoupling natural and artificial watersheds
Helen French: Oct 09-application to NRC- NORKLIMA about new project based on excisting project cooperation with UMN (Climrunoff).
Project working title: Extreme weather in small catchments, consequences for transport infrastructure and peri-urban settlements. Exflood. Funded for period 2010- 2013.
February 2010. Clarence Lehmann,UMB : Global Spotlight Letter of Intent: Water in the world- Equator to the Pole. (UMN, UMB, Bioforsk, Tanzania). Approved for sending full application, phase II. Supporting letter from Norwegian Ministry of Agriculture and food. Not funded phase II.
March 2010. Bioforsk funding. Support for networking and cooperation with UMN.
September 2010. Application NRC. Better agronomy to reduce emissions of agricultural green house gases. Workpackage on drainage – nitrous oxide emissions- involving IMN. Not funded but will be given another chance , resubmitted to other funding possibilities.
Feb2011.Bioforsk funding. Workshop . Hydrology- drainage- nitrous oxide emissions. UMN. Bioforsk, Baltic network .
Carbon sequestration: possibilities in agriculture- effect of cropping systems, soil tillage management, biochar.
Modelling carbon sequestration
Comparison Carbon - research- UMN – Norway
Metods charcterization soil organic matter , mineralization……
Peatlands – Carbon
Fate of biochar in soil. Lab, plot cale, modelling
GHG gasses – management practices
Linking carbon- hydrology
Application to NRC (Sept 09 ); Biochar additions in Norway: effects on soil quality properties and carbon storage potential in agricultural soils (AGRIchar). UMN participant in application. Not funded, but new possibilities for cooperation /application will be searched for.
Aggregate stabilityCommon issues
? Transport sector:
Combination of point/line source
over large area
monitoring during frozen
Realistic boundary conditions –
Differences in available data?
REV-REA – how to determine?
Project working title: Extreme weather in small catchments, consequences for transport infrastructure and peri-urban settlements
Suggest measures for site-specific risk reduction related to extreme weather; flooding along roads, railroads and buildings in peri-urban areas. Develop tools for improved land-use management and planning.
2011: Norwegian Centennial Chair Programme, funding possibilities.