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Team 11 reporting. Response to climate change - system approach Or: Landscape systems to adress climate change ( the group suggested this name at workshop in Minnesota 2009). Contact persons. UMN : Jason Hill Bioforsk: Lillian Øygarden UMB: Helen French.

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team 11 reporting

Team 11 reporting

Response to climatechange- system approach


Landscape systems to adressclimatechange

(the group suggested thisname at workshop in Minnesota 2009).

Contact persons. UMN : Jason Hill

Bioforsk: Lillian Øygarden

UMB: Helen French


St.meld. nr. 39 (WHITE PAPER) (2008–2009) Klimautfordringene – landbruket en del av løsningen Climate challenges- agriculture- part of the solution

Follow up 2010:

Ministry of agriculture and food: Priority to carbon storage in soil

Cooperation to USA and Canada. Minnesota specific mentioned

cooperation umn bioforsk umb response to climate change system approach
Cooperation UMN- Bioforsk, UMBResponse to ClimateChange- system approach
  • Meeting in Minnesota september 2008 – Climate change- Norwegian cooperation
  • Visit to Norway 10- 12 June 2009 and June 2010
  • Workshop Minnesota October 2009
geographical location of monitoring stations agricultural environmental monitoring programme jova
Geographical location of monitoring stations. Agricultural Environmental Monitoring Programme- (JOVA)

Monitoring catchments from the National Environmental Monitoring programme JOVA (presented by Johannes Deelstra )

For each field information on:


Soil management





  • Situated by lake Mjøsa
  • 260 m above sea level, 120 km north of Oslo
  • 46 ha land + 34 ha rented, possibility for irrigation
  • Field trials, both on own land and administrating trials in the Extension services (approx. 450 trials)
apelsvoll field trial 1989 2009 and continuing
Apelsvoll Field trial (1989- 2009 and continuing )

Crop production systems

Energy crops


Measurement of runoff, nutrient losses…….

halm til biovarme
Halm til biovarme

Bioenergy from crop residues

Ragnar Eltun

Bioforsk Øst Apelsvoll

Ragnar Eltun

Bioforsk Øst Apelsvoll

bioenergy heating system at apelsvoll
Bioenergy heating system at Apelsvoll

Yearly heating requirement:

308 000 kWh

Straw furnace: 500 kW

Water tank: 50 000 L + 10 000 L network of pipes

Straw requirements:

92 tonn= 42 ha = 330 round bales


Normally 3 times a week

Straw storage facilites are going to be built

Heating costs: 72 øre/kWh


Research area1: Oslo airport Gardermoen, OSL

  • De-icing chemicals:
    • Kilfrost - planes, Propyleneglycol
    • CH3-CH(OH)-CH2(OH)
    • Clearway1 - runways,
    • Potassium Formate
    • COOHK


Photo: OSL


1 km

response to climate change system approaches
Response to climate change- system approaches
  • Comparative research- based on case studies (Norway and Minnesota )
    • different working teams can develop cooperation, such as:
  • Effects of climate change on production systems- positive and negative effects (identification of effects- documentation – methods- monitoring)
  • Adaptation to changed climate: preventing unwanted effects, development of new management practices (pesticides- plant protection, pollution- soil tillage. Positive effects- longer growing season- changes cropping area/season, possibilities new crops )
  • Special focus: Greenhouse gases- budget farm level- comparison of production system and management practices- measures to reduce gas emissions . Carbon sequestration.
  • Special focus : (Winter ) hydrology in catchments- runoff pathways- methods
  • Special focus- environmental effects- pollution- erosion,N,P losses- effects of management practices- water quality (soil tillage, crops, drainage, )
  • Special focus- watershed engineering- extreme events- runoff control- dimentioning of pipe systems, control with surface runoff
  • Project cooperation, research exchange

Focus on working with scenarios, risk assessment, planning tools, modelling, monitoring systems


Topics for future collaboration

Focus Hydrology:

Hydrological pathways as influenced by climate change ( nutrient losses ,erosion)

Separation of flowpaths: Base flow, Drain flow, Surface flow,…separate by isotope analysis

Paper: compare flow separation approaches

Extreme weather events for different Norwegian regions using meteorological network data and the WINDS model combined with down scaled climate scenarios from the Meteorological institute

What will happen to groundwater recharge?

Effect of scale and climate change on watershed management (agriculture, future)

Climate change and effect on drainage design. Urban areas- storm water- rain gardens

Controlled drainage and climate change and the effect on release of N2O and phosphorus…

Ecosystem approach to climate change issues (hydrology, plants, carbon sequestration…)

Decoupling natural and artificial watersheds


2010: Applications for joint projects:

Helen French: Oct 09-application to NRC- NORKLIMA about new project based on excisting project cooperation with UMN (Climrunoff).

Project working title: Extreme weather in small catchments, consequences for transport infrastructure and peri-urban settlements. Exflood. Funded for period 2010- 2013.

February 2010. Clarence Lehmann,UMB : Global Spotlight Letter of Intent: Water in the world- Equator to the Pole. (UMN, UMB, Bioforsk, Tanzania). Approved for sending full application, phase II. Supporting letter from Norwegian Ministry of Agriculture and food. Not funded phase II.

March 2010. Bioforsk funding. Support for networking and cooperation with UMN.

September 2010. Application NRC. Better agronomy to reduce emissions of agricultural green house gases. Workpackage on drainage – nitrous oxide emissions- involving IMN. Not funded but will be given another chance , resubmitted to other funding possibilities.

Feb2011.Bioforsk funding. Workshop . Hydrology- drainage- nitrous oxide emissions. UMN. Bioforsk, Baltic network .


Focus; Carbon in soils

Carbon sequestration: possibilities in agriculture- effect of cropping systems, soil tillage management, biochar.

Modelling carbon sequestration

Comparison Carbon - research- UMN – Norway

Metods charcterization soil organic matter , mineralization……

Peatlands – Carbon

Fate of biochar in soil. Lab, plot cale, modelling

GHG gasses – management practices

Linking carbon- hydrology


Application to NRC (Sept 09 ); Biochar additions in Norway: effects on soil quality properties and carbon storage potential in agricultural soils (AGRIchar). UMN participant in application. Not funded, but new possibilities for cooperation /application will be searched for.

focus response to climate change system approach
Focus response to climate change. System approach
  • Effects of climate change on ecosystems- agricultural productions, cultural landscape (documentation, methods, monitoring, risk planning, recommendations..)
    • positive effects
    • negative effects
  • Adaptation to changed climate:
    • preventing unwanted effects,
    • development of new management practices (pesticides- plant protection, pollution- soil tillage.
    • Positive effects- longer growing season- changes cropping area/season, possibilities new crops
  • Carbon sequestrations- Agriculture part of the solution ? Green house gas emissions
  • Need to increase food production- increasing population and at same time reduce emissions
  • Suggest workshop : invite different disciplines – integrated systems approach. Soil- water- plant- landscape…….. (linked to another conference )
  • Focusing on parallell projects, catchment comparisons
common issues

? Experimental work:


Aggregate stability

Common issues

? Transport sector:

Combination of point/line source

over large area




  • Water infiltration and dynamics in soil, winter conditions
  • Surface run-off, erosion and dimensioning guidelines, winter conditions
  • Contaminants;
    • Transport sector: de-icing chemicals, road contaminants,
    • Waste sites, waste water,
    • Agricultural contaminants; pesticides, nutrients (N and P),
  • Monitoring techniques
    • Subsurface: geophysical techniques, groundwater – logging (tunnel building)
    • Surface: JOVA (Johannes will say more…)
  • Modelling activities
    • Subsurface: SUTRA, Modflow, COMSOL multiphysics
    • Surface/water shed: LISEM, SWAT,
    • Risk tools: P-index, GIS-tools, INCA-P/N

? Challenge:

monitoring during frozen


? Modelling:

Realistic boundary conditions –

climatescenarios time-resolution

Model comparison

Differences in available data?

REV-REA – how to determine?


funding opportunities in norway
Funding opportunities in Norway


Project working title: Extreme weather in small catchments, consequences for transport infrastructure and peri-urban settlements


Suggest measures for site-specific risk reduction related to extreme weather; flooding along roads, railroads and buildings in peri-urban areas. Develop tools for improved land-use management and planning.

  • The Norwegian Research council
    • Research projects
    • Various exchanges options: Yggdrasil
  • The EU
    • Collaborative projects: Not fund USA partner activities – but can be included in advisory boards etc.
    • Marie Curie scholarships (mainly Europe)
  • Fulbright scholarships (north America-Norway)
  • Leiv Erikson funds (north America-Norway)
  • Ministry of Agriculture….
  • Nordic funding options
  • Twinned projects; funding from Norway and USA

2011: Norwegian Centennial Chair Programme, funding possibilities.

  • Jason Hill; "Norwegian Centennial Travel Awards for Faculty", and I would like to apply to return to Norway to continue opportunities for research collaborations with your group.