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SUMERIANS. By: Henry, Grant, and Ties. Political System. Sumerian City-States were run by kings All of the City-States in Sumer were independent There were sometimes battles between City-States for control over farmland

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Sumerians

SUMERIANS

By: Henry, Grant, and Ties


Political system
Political System

  • Sumerian City-States were run by kings

  • All of the City-States in Sumer were independent

  • There were sometimes battles between City-States for control over farmland

  • Each City-State selected a king who was the City-States leader in religion and the war leader

  • The earliest City-States were run by priests


Accomplishments
Accomplishments

  • The Sumerians were great military commanders and builders

  • The Sumerians were the 1st known members of the Fertile Crescent

  • They invented the time unit we still use today

  • They also created the wheel


Human expression
Human Expression

  • They wrote in cuneiform, which was almost as old as hieroglyphics

  • Sumerians inscribed their writing into clay with a stylus and baked it to harden

  • The Sumerians had 550 letters in their complicated alphabet system

  • Sculptures made sculptures for temples


Architecture
Architecture

  • Houses were made out of clay

  • Huge temples (ziggurats) for priests and worshiping

  • Rulers lived in huge elegant palaces

  • The poor lived in small packed houses in tangled alleys

  • They had ancestors of shopping malls (bazaars) with markets

  • The largest buildings were always the ziggurats


Jobs jobs
JobsJobs

  • Some of the jobs in in Sumer City-States were merchants, scribes, priests, priestesses, crafts people, farmers and fisherman

  • The farmers lived outside the city walls


Religion
Religion

  • Temples in Sumer were dedicated to gods and or goddesses

  • Sumerian kings claimed to rule by the will of the gods

  • They where polytheistic (worshipped many gods)

  • Each City-State had their own special gods or goddess’ to worship


Historical figures
Historical Figures

  • Ibbisin (last Sumerian king)

  • Gudea (king of Lagash)

  • Ur-Nammu (king of Ur)

  • Gilagamesh (king of Uruk and famous poetry figure)


Location
Location

As you can see, Sumer is on the Tigris and Euphrates rivers so it was easier to farm and

grow crops. It was located in modern day Iraq.


A temple or ziggurat

Cuneiform print

This is Gilgamesh in one of his famed battles