Homework. Read pages 307-311 in the textbook. Answer questions 3-4 on page 311. Due tomorrow. Bring in your textbook as soon as possible!. Aim: Why Didn’t China Discover the New World?. June 10, 2014. I. Decline of the Yuan Dynasty.
June 10, 2014
A. Kublai Khan wastes money/equipment/lives on unsuccessful invasions of Japan and SE Asia (Vietnam, Indonesia)
B. Kublai dies in 1294. His descendants are weak, corrupt, fight amongst themselves for power.
C. During the 1300s, peasant rebellions chip away at Yuan power
D. In 1368, peasant rebels led by Ming Hongwu overthrow the Mongols. Yuan Dynasty ends, Ming dynasty begins.
1. Strengthens centralized gov, restores civil service exams.
2. Pacifies border regions
3. Redistributes land to the peasants.
B. Yung Lo / Yongle (1402-1424): Son of Ming Hongwu
1. Expands China in the South
2. Capital is in Beijing
(“Forbidden City” is the
massive palace where he lives).
Will be China’s capital until
the 20th century.
3. Sponsors numerous sea
voyages, to be led by a court
official named Zheng He
supported voyages of exploration?
B. China has the technological resources to explore the world, but domestic and cultural issues put an end to Chinese sea exploration:
C. China enters a period of isolation while Spain and Portugal go on to explore the Americas. China falls behind!