Go Play in the Street … Safely !. “A Need To Be Seen”. OVERVIEW. “PLAY IN THE STREETS… SAFELY !”. This presentation will identify operational practices that will provide protection and enhance safety for personnel operating in or near moving vehicle traffic. PLANNING. R408.17433
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Go Play in the Street … Safely !
“A Need To Be Seen”
This presentation will identify operational practices that will provide protection and enhance safety for personnel operating in or near moving vehicle traffic.
An employer shall have and implement written operational procedures specific to the type of hazard to which an employee may be exposed.
According to NIOSH, agencies should:
According to NIOSH, agencies should:
When an incident occurs on a limited access highway, an additional apparatus should be dispatched along with the first-due companies. The principal functions of the additional company are to:
MUTCD: “Responders should … take measures to move the traffic incident as far off the traveled roadway as possible, or to provide appropriate warning.”
(Coordinated and Pre-Planned with all law enforcement agencies)
FEMA: Mark apparatus with conspicuous contrasting colors
Consider visibility and conspicuity when designing color and placement of additional warning lights on vehicles.
Fluorescent colors are seen 70% further than other colors because they are rarely seen naturally.
Large blocks of complimentary color contrast:
are more effective than thin stripes.
Design ambulances and rescue vehicles so that the outside emergency equipment/storage compartments containing equipment needed at an MVC are all on one side of the ambulance.
NIOSH: Position apparatus to take advantage of topography and weather, and to protect responders from traffic.
Park unneeded vehicles off the roadway.
Apparatus shall be utilized as a shield from oncoming traffic wherever possible.
When acting as a shield, apparatus warning lights shall remain on, if appropriate.
Blocking creates a ‘shadow’ downstream. Working in the ‘shadow’ offers the greatest degree of safety and protection from moving traffic.
The patient loading area of the ambulance should be in the ‘shadow’.
White flashing, rotating, and strobe lights off.
Ground Lights …‘ON’
Leave interior lights ‘ON’
Limit the use of apparatus headlights and deploy flood lights downward to light the work area, while reducing the glare hazard for other drivers.
It takes an average of 6 seconds to regain our “night vision.”
30 mph – 264 feet (longer than our pre-connects)
45 mph – 396 feet
60 mph – 528 feet, or 1/10 of a mile!
How many responders parked on the opposite side of the expressway and jumped the median wall to access this incident?
Don’t create a ‘Split Scene’!
OSHA 29CFR 1926.651(d)
Employees exposed to public vehicular traffic shall be provided with, and shall wear, warning vests or other suitable garments marked with or made of reflectorized or high-visibility material.
23CFR Part 634 – Worker Visibility
(Effective November 24, 2008)
“All workers within the right-of-way of a Federal-aid highway…shall wear high visibility safety apparel.”
(“High Visibility Safety Apparel” is defined as safety clothing that meets the Performance Class 2 or Class 3 requirements.)
Class 2 –Superior visibility and more conspicuous than class 1. Suggested for inclement weather, attention diverted from or close proximity to traffic. Includes emergency response personnel.
Wrap around the upper body
Class 3 – Greater visibility by adding material to arms and/or legs. Suggested for higher vehicle speeds and/or high task loads. Includes emergency response personnel.
Outline of the body
ANSI/ISEA 207-2006 for Public Safety Vests includes provisions for break-away or tear-away features
REMAIN VIGILANT AT ALL TIMES
NEVER TRUST TRAFFIC
HAVE AN ESCAPE ROUTE
Exit Protocols: Continued
Exit Protocols continued:
GET IN A PROTECTED AREA AS SOON AS POSSIBLE, AND STAY IN A PROTECTED AREA AS MUCH AS POSSIBLE.
Michigan statute states that law enforcement has the primary responsibility for traffic control at emergency incidents.
NIOSH: If police have not arrived, control oncoming vehicles before turning attention to the emergency.
MUTCD: “An essential part of … rescue … activities is the proper control of road users through the traffic incident management area in order to protect responders, victims, and other personnel at the site while providing reasonable safe traffic flow.”
NIOSH: If it is impossible to protect the scene from immediate danger, position yourself and the victim in a secure area and maximize your visibility.
Close the road completely when necessary.
Place flares while walking with traffic, watching traffic, while walking from the shoulder to the center
Lets traffic resume
allows traffic to pass through the activity area
Fire and EMS
is where work
protection for traffic
provides protection for traffic and workers
moves traffic out
of its normal path
tells traffic what to
The A.W.A. Begins at the first warning light or sign.
200’ in a 35 mph zone
500’ in a 50 mph zone
½ mile on an expressway
Consider curves and hills to ensure the advanced warning device is visible 350’ upstream.
Taper – The use of signs, cones, flares or blocking vehicles to direct approaching traffic from the normal traffic lanes into a fewer number of traffic lanes. Establishes the ‘transition area’.
Place cones while walking with traffic, watching traffic, while walking from the shoulder to the center
Pick cones up while walking toward traffic, from the center to the shoulder
The “activity area” is the area at an incident scene that is protected from moving traffic
If one is established, park the ambulance in the protected portion of the activity area.
The ambulance should be parked to best protect the loading area of the ambulance.
4 Key Points: