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Let’s take for example the verb “JOUER” TO PLAY PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Once you “cut” away the VERB ENDING in the Infinitive form, what you are left with is the VERB STEM. STEM. VERB ENDING. ER. JOU. Let’s take for example the verb “JOUER” TO PLAY. What is the VERB STEM of a regular verb?. Is that always true for the 3 families of regular verbs?.

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Let’s take for example the verb “JOUER” TO PLAY

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Let s take for example the verb jouer to play

Once you “cut” away the VERB ENDING in the Infinitive form, what you are left with is the

VERB STEM

STEM

VERB ENDING

ER

JOU

Let’s take for example the verb “JOUER”

TO PLAY

What is the

VERB STEM of a regular verb?


Let s take for example the verb jouer to play

Is that always true for the 3 families of regular verbs?

Yes, the stem almost never changes whatever the tense used.

Well, sometimes it varies a little depending on its spelling, but we don’t need to worry ourselves for that now.

What do you mean by “almost never changes”?


Let s take for example the verb jouer to play

What makes the verb ending change, Bernard?

  • Two things, Sophie.

  • The choice of the Personal Pronoun

  • (who or what does the action)

  • 2. The choice of the Tense.

  • (When the action takes place)

Well Roger, if the verb stem doesn’t change, what does then?

Dear Alice! It is the verb ending of course.


Let s take for example the verb jouer to play

What are the Personal Pronouns?

The Personal Pronouns are little words which replace the name of people or things.

Follow me and I will show you


Let s take for example the verb jouer to play

Français

English

Cymraeg

je or j’

I

fi

tu

you (familiar)

ti

il

he

fo

elle

she

hi

nous

we

ni

vous

you (formal)

chi

ils

they (masculine)

nhw

elles

they (feminine)

nhw

Oh!

Here is the list of all the French Personal Pronouns and their equivalent in English and Welsh.

Let’s go and see what difference the pronouns make to the verb ending.


Let s take for example the verb jouer to play

BLUE

=

PersonalPronoun

Je jou

e

Rydwi

yn chwarae

tu jou

es

Rwyt ti

yn chwarae

il jou

e

Maeo

yn chwarae

elle jou

e

Mae hi

yn chwarae

RED

=

Changes due to pronoun and tense

nousjou

ons

Rydanni

yn chwarae

vousjou

ez

Rydychchi

yn chwarae

ilsjou

ent

Maennhw

yn chwarae

ellesjou

ent

Maennhw

yn chwarae

Présent

Presennol

Just like in Welsh, then!

Let’s use the present tense of the verb JOUER...

...And you will see how the ending changes when I use a different pronoun.


Let s take for example the verb jouer to play

I

am playing

Je jou

e

I

play

you

are playing

tu jou

es

you

play

he

is playing

il jou

e

he

plays

she

is playing

elle jou

e

she

plays

we

are playing

nousjou

ons

we

play

you

are playing

vousjou

ez

you

play

they

are playing

ilsjou

ent

they

play

they

are playing

ellesjou

ent

they

play

Present

Present Progressive

Présent

This is why you need to be more careful when translating

What happens in English?

The effect of the pronoun is not so marked in English.


Let s take for example the verb jouer to play

When translating “you” remember to use:

- “tu” if you address only one person (your family or friends)

- “vous” if you address more than one person or somebody you do not know or someone you must show respect to, like your Headmaster or a teacher.

  • When translating “they” or “nhw” remember to use:

  • “ils” when it refers to

  • a masculine plural noun,

  • more than one male or

  • a mixed group (males and

  • females).

  • When translating “they” or “nhw” remember to use:

  • “elles” when it refers to

  • afeminine plural noun,

  • more than one female.


Let s take for example the verb jouer to play

Présent

Imparfait

Je joue

Rydwi’nChwarae

Iplay / Iamplaying

Je jouais

Roeddwni’nChwarae

I played / Iwasplaying

Conditionnel

Je jouerais

Mi fyddwni’nChwarae

Iwouldplay

Futur

Passé composé

Je jouerai

Mi fyddai’nChwarae

Iwillplay

J’aijoué

RydwiwediChwarae

Iplayed/ Ihaveplayed

Plus-que-parfait

J’avaisjoué

RoeddwniwediChwarae

Ihadplayed

We’ll show the changes only with the pronoun “je” as we will deal with each complete tenses in a next lesson.

Let’s see what effect the Tense has on the

Verb Ending!


Let s take for example the verb jouer to play

Click on the big eggs for some practice

Task 2 Quiz

Task 1

Multiple choice


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