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Jesus Before Christianity. Ch. 3-5. Overview: What Nolan is doing. Method: know historical Jesus by looking at his intentions and choices Choice 1: Baptized by John Choice 2: identified with the poor and oppressed Social outcasts, “sinners”, the disgraced

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overview what nolan is doing
Overview: What Nolan is doing
  • Method: know historical Jesus by looking at his intentions and choices
    • Choice 1: Baptized by John
    • Choice 2: identified with the poor and oppressed
      • Social outcasts, “sinners”, the disgraced
      • Jesus moved with compassion = suffering with
  • Method: Start with Jesus’ actions (praxis), go to his preaching, return to our praxis
illness
Illness
  • Illness in ancient world
    • Had spiritual cause (demons)
    • Viewed as punishment for sin
    • Could be excluded from synagogue (meeting place)
      • Ritually unclean
praxis miracles of healing
Praxis: Miracles of Healing
  • Miracle
    • Definition 1: interruption of natural order
    • Definition 2: a wonder of God
  • Types of healing
    • From disease
    • From demonic possession (exorcism)
    • From oppression: what had made these people social outcasts
  • Purpose of healing miracles
    • Show what God’s salvation is: compassion, liberate from suffering, bring into God’s kingdom
praxis meals
Praxis: Meals
  • Jesus’ time: rules against mixing
    • Socials groups
    • Rituals, crops, fabric, etc.
  • Jesus breaks rules
    • New community
    • Eats with Pharisees and sinners
    • Offers forgiveness
    • His meals are characterized by joy, feasting
for next time
For next time
  • What did Jesus preach?
  • How did he talk about the Kingdom of God?
  • Why is this “good news”?
  • How did his preaching reinforce his praxis?
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