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The Craft of Action Research. I don’t just want to research something- I want to make a difference ( O'Leary, Z. 2004). Agenda. Introduction What do we need? Action Research: Overview The process of Action Research Examples. What do we need?. What do we need?.

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The Craft of Action Research

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The craft of action research

The Craft of

Action Research


The craft of action research

I don’t just want to research something- I want to make a difference (O'Leary, Z. 2004)


Agenda

Agenda

  • Introduction

  • What do we need?

  • Action Research: Overview

  • The process of Action Research

  • Examples


What do we need

What do we need?


What do we need1

What do we need?

  • Research efforts that go beyond explaining specific phenomena

  • Research that enacts change

  • Research results that can be immediately applied

  • Researchers as problem solvers


Answer action research

Answer: Action Research

  • Action research is a reflective process of progressive problem solving led by individuals working with others in teams or as part of a "community of practice" to improve the way they address issues and solve problems. (Wikipedia)


Goals of action research

Goals of Action Research

Action

Research

Problem Solving that is not designed, executed and assessed as an integral part of a research effort

Research that does not include design, execution, and assessment of one or more problem-solving cycles

Action research, i.e. research that includes and is mainly based on practical problem-solving


Goals of action research1

Goals of Action Research

  • The improvement of practice through continual learning and progressive problem solving

  • A deep understanding of practice and the development of a well specified theory of action

  • An improvement in the community in which your practice is embedded through participatory research


Goals of action research2

Goals of Action Research

  • Action Research is concerned with changing situations, not just interpreting them


The process of action research

The Process of Action Research


The craft of action research

Planning for Action Research

  • What is my concern?

  • Why am I concerned?

  • What do I think I can do about the situation?

  • What will I do?

  • How will I show whether I am influencing the situation for good?

  • How will I produce evidence of my influence?

  • How will I ensure that any claims I make are reasonably fair and accurate?

  • What will I do then?


The craft of action research

Identify the Problem

  • An overview of the problem at a general level and why you (and others) see this as an important problem or challenge

  • A description of the problem, including the impact it has on development

  • Who is affected by the problem?

  • What are the goals for improvement?

  • Be as specific as possible


The craft of action research

Formulate Research Question(s)

  • Good questions often arise from visions of improved practice and emerging theories about the change that will move the researcher closer to the ideal state of working practices

  • When stated in an if/then format, they can take the shape of a research hypothesis.

  • Example: If [insert the action to be taken], how will it affect [describe one or more possible consequences of the action]?


The craft of action research

Plan Your Action

  • How action/reflection is to be carried out and evaluated?

  • How milestones are reached?

  • What are the intended outcomes?

  • What data need to be collected?

  • Within what timeframe this work is to be carried out?


The craft of action research

Implement and Collect Evidence

  • Observe implementation of action

  • Observer how action impact changes (or not)

  • Collect evidence to support observation


The craft of action research

Reflection

  • Analyse collected data:

    • What can be learned?

    • What patterns, insights and new understanding can be discovered?

  • Identify the impact of the project on the target group (community, village, etc)


The craft of action research

Plan Future Action

  • What can be done differently to achieve the intended outcomes?

  • How can the insights gained from this phase contribute to the design of further action to improve the problem situation


The craft of action research

Publish Your Findings

  • Identify your audiences

  • Explain the problem

  • Describe the research method

  • Include collected evidence

  • Discuss reflections and findings

  • Make recommendations for future action


The craft of action research

Examples

TeleHealth in rural Algeria


The craft of action research

[email protected]: Projects

Research ICT Africa


The craft of action research

[email protected]: Projects

First Mile

First Inch


The craft of action research

Examples

Sustainable E-Government for the City of Fez, Morocco


The craft of action research

Role Play


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