Revisions to chapter 2c warning signs and object markers
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Revisions to Chapter 2C – Warning Signs and Object Markers. Some word message signs are deleted. Also – STOP AHEAD, YIELD AHEAD, SIGNAL AHEAD. Fluorescent yellow-green color. Required for school and school bus signs. Optional for pedestrian, bike, and playground signs.

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Revisions to chapter 2c warning signs and object markers
Revisions to Chapter 2C – Warning Signs and Object Markers


Some word message signs are deleted
Some word message signs are deleted

Also – STOP AHEAD, YIELD AHEAD, SIGNAL AHEAD


Fluorescent yellow green color
Fluorescent yellow-green color

Required for school and school bus signs

Optional for pedestrian, bike, and playground signs


36 x 36 minimum size for multi lane conventional roads
36” x 36” minimum size formulti-lane conventional roads


Guidelines for advance placement of warning signs table 2c 4
Guidelines for advance placement of warning signs – Table 2C-4

  • Change to 20/40 visual acuity

  • Assumption of legibility distance of 180 feet for Condition A (speed reduction and lane change)

  • Assumption of minimum legend size of 6” lettering; if less, add 100 feet

  • Assumption of legibility distance of 250 feet for Condition B (stop and deceleration)



New criteria for the determination of advisory speeds
New criteria for the determination of advisory speeds 2C-4

Support: Among the established engineering practices that are appropriate for the determination of the recommended advisory speed for a horizontal curve are the following:

  • An accelerometer that provides a direct determination of side friction factors

  • A design speed equation

  • A traditional ball-bank indicator using the following criteria:

16 degrees of ball-bank for speeds of 20 mph or less

14 degrees of ball-bank for speeds of 25 to 30 mph

12 degrees of ball-bank for speeds of 35 mph and higher


New variations of combination horizontal alignment intersection warning signs
New variations of combination horizontal alignment-intersection warning signs


Chevron signs may be mounted at 4 foot height
Chevron signs may be mounted at 4-foot height alignment-intersection warning signs


New table for recommended spacing of chevron signs
New table for recommended spacing of Chevron signs alignment-intersection warning signs


New table for spacing of chevron signs
New table for spacing alignment-intersection warning signs of Chevron signs


Advisory curve speed sign is deleted
Advisory Curve Speed sign is deleted alignment-intersection warning signs




New sign for use where a freeway or expressway ends and drivers must leave the facility on an exit ramp


New shoulder signs and plaques
New shoulder signs and plaques drivers must leave the facility on an exit ramp


New surface condition signs
New Surface Condition signs drivers must leave the facility on an exit ramp



No center line sign
No Center Line sign affect motorcyclists





Speed limit reductions of more than 10 mph
Speed limit reductions of more than 10 mph affect motorcyclists

Reduced Speed Limit Ahead (W3-5) sign recommended


New drawbridge sign
New Drawbridge sign affect motorcyclists


No merge area plaque
No Merge Area plaque affect motorcyclists


Freeway lane drop advance warning
Freeway lane drop advance warning affect motorcyclists





New symbol signs to warn of possible presence of large animals
New symbol signs to warn of possible presence of affect motorcyclists large animals



Order of names and use of arrows when two street names appear on an advance street name plaque
Order of names and use of arrows when two street names appear on an advance street name plaque


Plaques for use when stop signs control all but one approach to the intersection
Plaques for use when appear on an advance street name plaqueSTOP signs control all but one approach to the intersection



“New” plaque for mounting above a regulatory or advance warning sign to warn road users about a new regulation or condition


Object markers have been relocated from part 3
Object markers have been relocated from Part 3 warning sign to warn road users about a new regulation or condition


Object markers for approach ends of guardrails
Object Markers for Approach Ends of Guardrails warning sign to warn road users about a new regulation or condition

  • Where Type 3 object markers are applied to the approach ends of guardrail and other roadside appurtenances, sheeting without a substrate shall be directly affixed to the approach end of the guardrail in a rectangular shape conforming to the size of the approach end of the guardrail, with alternating black and retroreflective yellow stripes sloping downward at a angle of 45 degrees toward the side of the obstruction on which traffic is to pass.


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