Intro to music history
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Intro to Music History. 6 Periods of Music History. (Ancient) – Doesn ’ t really count Medieval Renaissance Baroque Classical Romantic Modern. Ancient Period. This term refers to the music of the Ancient civilizations (Greece, Rome, Babylon, Mesopotamia, et cetera.

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Intro to Music History

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Intro to music history

Intro to Music History


6 periods of music history

6 Periods of Music History

  • (Ancient) – Doesn’t really count

  • Medieval

  • Renaissance

  • Baroque

  • Classical

  • Romantic

  • Modern


Ancient period

Ancient Period

  • This term refers to the music of the Ancient civilizations (Greece, Rome, Babylon, Mesopotamia, et cetera.

  • Very little is known about the music of these civilizations, but it is certain that music played a part in their lives.

  • How can historians know anything about music from these cultures?


Medieval period

Medieval Period

  • 800 – 1300 C.E.

  • Music was very simple.

  • Gregorian Chant

  • Monophony vs. Polyphony

  • Beginnings of Notation – all handwritten


Medieval notation

Medieval Notation


Renaissance

Renaissance

  • Renaissance Period – 1300-1600 C.E.

  • All music can be broken down into two main divisions Sacred and Secular

  • Sacred – having to do with religion

  • Secular – having nothing to do with religion


Renaissance1

Renaissance

  • Each division had different types of music.

  • How did musicians make a living?

  • Famous Composers: William Byrd, Giovanni di Palestrina, Claudio Monteverdi, Josquin Desprez.


Baroque

Baroque

  • Baroque Period -1600-1750 C.E.

  • Music Theory had advanced a lot since ancient times

  • Major Composers – J.S. Bach, Antonio Vivaldi, and G.F. Handel


Bach s own handwriting

Bach’s own Handwriting


Baroque notation printing

Baroque Notation Printing

While the notation style is still not the same as today’s, the printing press made music much more readable than ever before.


Classical

Classical

  • Classical Period – 1750-1820

  • Music Theory and instruments were mostly formed by now to our modern standards.

  • Major Composers – Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart and Joseph Haydn


Romantic

Romantic

  • Romantic Period – 1800-1900 C.E.

  • Musicians making a living on their own now.

  • Major Composers – Ludwig von Beethoven, Franz Schubert, Peter Tchaikovsky, Johannes Brahms


Modern

Modern

  • Modern Period – 1900 C.E.– Present

  • Classical music led to the development of popular music. Jazz, Blues, Rock, Hip-Hop

  • In the 1900’s popular music became the dominant style of music.


Modern classical music

Modern Classical Music

  • Classical music still exists in today’s music world

  • It is not as popular with younger generations as pop music is.

  • Modern classical is very different than the music it came from.

  • Three different ways that classical music still exists. Pop classical, Retrospective classical, and new classical.


Modern classical

Modern Classical

  • Classical Music in the 20th century has many different styles.

  • Neo-classicism, atonality, serial music, electronic music, et cetera.

  • Important Composers: Copland, Stravinsky, Schönberg.


References

References

  • Pictures

    • Chant Manuscript - www.adoremus.org

    • William Byrd – www.rhapsody.com

    • Giovanni Plestrina – www.naxos.com

    • Claudio Monteverdi – www.8notes.com

    • Josquin Desprez – www.answers.com

    • J.S. Bach - weekly.ahram.org.eg/2000/511/cu1.htm

    • G.F. Händel – www.wikipedia.com

    • Bach Manuscript – www.jsbach.net

    • Sacred Music Magazine – Spring 2006


References1

References

  • Pictures

    • W.A. Mozart – www.pianoparadise.com

    • F.J. Haydn - www.malaspina.org

    • L.V. Beethoven - www.cl.cam.ac.uk

    • J. Brahms - facstaff.uww.edu

    • F. Schubert – www.musicwithease.com

    • P.I. Tchaikovsky - www.geocities.com/gtchao/PeterTchaikovsky.jpeg

    • A. Copland - www.safka-bareis.com

    • I. Stravinsky – www.malaspina.org

    • A. Schönberg - www.milkenarchive.org


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