Element 3 Identify the Impact of Alcohol Abuse. What is a ‘standard drink’? p51 A standard drink is defined as containing approximately 10 grams of pure alcohol. Standard drink Guidelines p51 For Men:
Identify the Impact of Alcohol Abuse
A standard drink is defined as containing approximately 10 grams of pure alcohol.
No more than 4 standard drinks on a day on average and no more than 6 standard drinks on any one day.
No more 2 standard drinks on a day on average and no more than 4 standard drinks on any one day.
1 to 2 alcohol free days per week.
Source: Aust. Government: Dept of Health & Ageing
1.8 1.5 1
180ml 375ml 30ml
Ave restaurant serve Full strength Spirit
12% Alc/Vol 4.9% Alc./Vol +/- 40% Alc./Vol
Source: Aust. Government: Dept of Health & Ageing: http://www.alcohol.gov.au/internet/alcohol/publishing.nsf/Content/guidelines
Activity: Why do people drink? page 54.
For a variety of reasons:
Loss of inhibitions
Activity: Complete ‘What are the immediate effects of alcohol consumption’ activity on page 54.
After a few drinks: alcohol consumption’ activity on page 54. happy, more relaxed, less concentration, slow reflexes
A few more… less inhibited, more confidence, less co-ordination, slurred speech, intense moods
A few more… confusion, blurred
vision, poor muscle control
More still… Nausea, vomiting,
sleep, aggressive behaviour,
fighting, danger to self and
Blood Alcohol Concentration (BAC) alcohol consumption’ activity on page 54. p55
‘Your BAC is a measure of the amount of alcohol you have in your blood.
‘The measurement is the number of
grams of alcohol in 100 millilitres of blood.
‘For example, a BAC of 0.05 means 0.05
grams or 50 milligrams of alcohol in every 100 millilitres of blood.
Activity: What are some factors affecting your BAC? alcohol consumption’ activity on page 54.
Refer to page 56.
Drink Spiking alcohol consumption’ activity on page 54. p79
A crime that occurs when alcohol or another drug is added to a
person’s drink without their knowledge or
Drinks can be spiked in any setting and by
anyone: friend, acquaintance, work colleague,
date or a stranger.
The drug most commonly used to spike drinks is alcohol eg. Vodka
Common physiological effects are: vomiting, unconsciousness, poor coordination and balance, slurred speech, lowered inhibitions, drowsiness, dizziness, loss of motor skills, impaired judgment, visual problems and nausea. These symptoms are also commonly associated with intoxication.
Activity: Drinking and Driving alcohol consumption’ activity on page 54.
Legal limit for fully licenced drivers in NSW 0.05%
Legal limit for provisional licence holders in NSW 0.00%
Legal limit for learner drivers in NSW 0.00%
Legal limit for drivers of ‘gross vehicle mass’ 0.02%
Greater than 13.9 tonnes
Drivers of public vehicles/dangerous loads 0.02%
.05 Double the crash risk
BAC .08 7 times the crash risk
.15 25 times the crash risk
Activity: How alcohol leaves the body. alcohol consumption’ activity on page 54.
Activity: How alcohol leaves the body alcohol consumption’ activity on page 54.
Fresh air will sober you up
Cold shower will sober you up
Exercise will sober you up
Black coffee will sober you up
Vomiting will sober you up
It’s okay to drive if you don’t feel drunk
Time will sober you up
Safe Levels of Alcohol? alcohol consumption’ activity on page 54. p65
‘Due to the different ways that alcohol
can affect people, there is no amount
of alcohol that can be said to be safe
for everyone. People choosing to drink
must realise that there will always be
some risk to their health and social well-
being. However, there are ways to
minimise the risks.’
Source: Australian Government – Department of Health and Aging http://www.alcoholguidelines.gov.au/
Summary alcohol consumption’ activity on page 54. p65
Each beverage consumed will vary in how many standard drinks it contains – don’t get caught out.
Drinking guidelines for men and women differ, both however must have 1 to 2 days alcohol free per week.
We consume alcohol for a variety of reasons, but the amount we consume can have far reaching negative health consequences.
Do not let your patrons drink and drive. This also applies to you.
Sobering up takes a long time.