Darwin vs lamarck
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Theories of Evolution. Darwin vs. Lamarck. Jean-Baptiste LaMarck. French, Early 1800’s Theory of Inheritance of Acquired Characteristics Two main points…. 1. Principle of Use & Disuse: Most used body structures develop, unused structures waste away.

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Darwin vs. Lamarck

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Darwin vs lamarck

Theories of Evolution

Darwin vs. Lamarck


Jean baptiste lamarck

Jean-Baptiste LaMarck

  • French, Early 1800’s

    Theory of

    Inheritance of

    Acquired Characteristics

  • Two main points…


Darwin vs lamarck

1. Principle of Use & Disuse:

  • Most used body structures develop, unused structures waste away

2. Inheritance of Acquired Characteristics:

  • Once the structure is modified, the new trait can be inherited (passed to offspring)


Explain the picture below as if you were lamarck

Explain the picture below as if you were LaMarck…


Why we don t believe him

Why we don’t believe him…

  • Experiments: show that changes that occur in an animal’s life are not passed on to its offspring

  • Genetics:Gregor Mendel discovered that traits are passed down through GENES (which aren’t affected by the outside world in that way)


Charles darwin the father of evolution

Charles Darwin“The Father of Evolution”

  • 1831- sailed on the HMS Beagle to the Galapagos Islands.

  • Studied many species of finches.

  • Published book in 1845:

    • “On the Origin of Species by Natural Selection”


Darwin s theory of evolution don t copy all this it s on your handout

Darwin’s Theory of Evolution(don’t copy all this it’s on your handout) 

“Natural Selection”

“Survival of the Fittest”


Four main points

Four main points…

  • 1. More organisms are produced than can survive…leads to COMPETITION OVER RESOURCES

    • Ex’s of resources…

      • Water

      • Food

      • Habitat

      • Mates


2 individuals within a population vary and some of these traits are heritable

2. Individuals within a population vary, and some of these traits are heritable.


3 some variations are favorable increase chances for survival reproduction

3. Some variations are FAVORABLE (increase chances for survival/ reproduction)

  • Male vs. Female Cardinals

  • Male color attracts female= reproductive advantage


Better adapted individuals survive and reproduce

Better adapted individuals survive and reproduce

  • These are the individuals that will pass on their genes to the next generation.

  • This can change the GENE POOL:

    • Includes all the genes of every reproductive member of a population


What the theory of evolution is not

What The theory of evolution IS NOT!!!

  • It does NOT occur in INDIVIDUALS…only populations!

  • It does NOT happen quickly…the Earth has a Looooooong history!

  • It does NOT explain how life came to be on Earth, just how it evolved after it was here.

  • It does NOT have any driving force except the competition for limited resources.


Darwin s finches p 558

Darwin’s Finches…p 558

  • Illustrate SPECIATION: when a species breaks into two (or more)

    • The organisms in the two species can no longer…

      • INTERBREED

  • What could cause this to happen?

    • Geographic barriers

    • Occupy a new niche/habitat

    • Reproductive Isolation-


What would darwin say to explain why giraffe s have such long necks

What would Darwin say to explain why giraffe’s have such long necks?

  • See pg. 553


Evolution change over time

Evolution- “Change Over Time”

All of the changes that have occurred in living things since the beginning of life on Earth


History of the earth

History of the Earth


700 million years ago

700 million years ago…

MULTICELLULAR ORGANISMS!


Three important points

Three important points…

  • Evolution occurs over MANY generations

  • Evolution occurs within POPULATIONS (NOT individuals)

  • Evolution involves genetic changes in a SPECIES

    • (Members of a species interbreed to produce healthy, fertile offspring)


Evidence for evolution

Evidence for Evolution


Fossil evidence provides transitional links

FOSSIL EVIDENCE-Provides TRANSITIONAL LINKS

Archaeopteryx-

links reptiles and birds

Therapsids-

mammal-like reptiles


Anatomical evidence

Anatomical Evidence

HOMOLOGOUS STRUCTURES

structures that are similar because they were inherited from a COMMON ANCESTOR

ANALOGOUS STRUCTURES

similar in function, but NOT inherited from a common ancestor

NOTE: similar structure, but NOT always function!

NOTE: similar FUNCTION, but not STRUCTURE


More anatomical evidence vestigial structures

More Anatomical Evidence:Vestigial Structures

Vestigial Structures are undeveloped structures that were functional in some ancestor, but are no longer needed in that organism.


Embryology suggests common ancestors

EMBRYOLOGY- suggests common ancestors


Biogeographical evidence

BIOGEOGRAPHICAL EVIDENCE

  • When we study the distribution of plants and animals on the planet, we notice:

    • Animals evolved differently in each of the biogeographical regions

    • We see evidence that as the continents drifted, organisms were separated and evolved.


Biochemical evidence

BIOCHEMICAL EVIDENCE

  • Almost all living things use the same biochemical molecules

    • DNA, Protein, ATP

  • Vast diversity came about by only slight differences in the same genes

    • The more closely “related” the organisms are, the more similar their DNA


Other evidence

Other Evidence…

  • 1. Mimicry and Camoflauge

  • 2. Antibiotic Resistance


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