The Grid: The First 50 Years. Ian Foster Argonne National Laboratory University of Chicago Carl Kesselman Information Sciences Institute University of Southern California. Licklider (1960): Man-Computer Symbiosis….
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The Grid: The First 50 Years
Argonne National Laboratory
University of Chicago
Information Sciences Institute
University of Southern California
… is an expected development in cooperative interaction between men and electronic computers. The main aims are
to let computers facilitate formulative thinking as they now facilitate the solution of formulated problems, and
to enable men and computers to cooperate in making decisions and controlling complex situations without inflexible dependence on predetermined programs.
Quality, economies of scale
“Resource sharing & coordinated problem solving in dynamic, multi-institutional virtual organizations”
“When the network is as fast as the computer's internal links, the machine disintegrates across the net into a set of special purpose appliances” (George Gilder)
DARPA, NSF, and DOE begin funding Grid work
Does not include downloads from:NMI, UK eScience, EU Datagrid,IBM, Platform, etc.
Physiology of the Grid
Anatomy of the Grid
The Grid: Blueprint for a New Computing
NSF & European Commission
Initiate Many New Grid Projects
funding Grid work,DOE adds support
Computer science research
Web services, etc.
In flight data
DS&S Engine Health Center
Internet, e-mail, pager
Mechanical/ Electronic Design
Portfolio Risk Analysis
Code Breaking/ Simulation
Unique by Industry with Common Characteristics
Grid Services Market Opportunity 2005
Sources: IDC, 2000 and Bear Stearns- Internet 3.0 - 5/01 Analysis by SAI
10 Gbps link
2.5 Gbps link
622 Mbps link
“The complexity of the problems facing mankind is growing faster than our ability to solve them. Finding ways toaugment our intellect is both a necessary & desirable goal.”
Openness—in software, standards, and
community—can be a
powerful accelerator of progress
New capabilities via resource sharing within distributed virtual organizations …
… enabled by open software & standards within an international community.