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CHAPTER #14 Manifest Destiny SECTION #2-3 Texas Independence PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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CHAPTER #14 Manifest Destiny SECTION #2-3 Texas Independence. CHAPTER #14 Manifest Destiny SECTION # 2 Texas Independence. Settling Texas. -In1820, Texas included a few Americans and about 3,000 Tejanos -Natives occupied much of the land

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CHAPTER #14 Manifest Destiny SECTION #2-3 Texas Independence

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Chapter 14 manifest destiny section 2 3 texas independence

CHAPTER #14

Manifest Destiny

SECTION #2-3

Texas Independence


Chapter 14 manifest destiny section 2 3 texas independence

CHAPTER #14

Manifest Destiny

SECTION #2

Texas Independence

Settling Texas

  • -In1820, Texas included a few Americans and about 3,000 Tejanos

  • -Natives occupied much of the land

  • -In order to keep control of Texas, Spaniards offered large tracts of land to empresarios who promised to recruit more settlers

  • -Stephen Austin’s settlement flourished

  • -After independence from Spain, Mexico offered tracts of land to American settlers who promised to:

    • Become Mexican citizens

    • Obey Mexico’s Laws

    • Accept Roman Catholicism

Page 1


Chapter 14 manifest destiny section 2 3 texas independence

CHAPTER #14

Manifest Destiny

SECTION #2

Texas Independence

Unrest in Texas

-Many Americans (Anglos) began coming to Texas without permission

-Many growers protested the Mexican ban on slavery as well as their inability to partake in government as they had in the U.S.

-By 1830, five times as many Anglos lived in Texas as did Tejanos

-In 1830, Mexico banned Anglo immigrants in Texas, building five forts to enforce it

-Anglos were furious, some talked of separation, including Stephen Austin

-Santa Anna, the new Mexican dictator refused to allow Mexico to be split

Page 2


Chapter 14 manifest destiny section 2 3 texas independence

CHAPTER #14

Manifest Destiny

SECTION #2

Texas Independence

“Remember the Alamo”

-With growing strife in Texas, Santa Anna sent troop to take a cannon at Gonzales

-When they failed to take the cannon, Santa Anna sent troops to occupy San Antonio

-Mexican troops were routed by Texas volunteers—the Texans took cover in and defended an old mission called the Alamo

-Mexicans shelled the mission for 12 days

-Finally Santa Anna charged the Alamo

-Mexican troops swarmed the mission, fighting hand-to-hand, they eventually overran the Texans

-Only women and children survived

Page 3


Chapter 14 manifest destiny section 2 3 texas independence

CHAPTER #14

Manifest Destiny

SECTION #2

Texas Independence

War with Mexico

-Sam Houston, general of the Texans, commanded forts be abandoned to avoid further massacres

-Mexican troops captured fleeing Texas troops outside the fort at Goliad

-Most (~350) were killed by firing squad

-Upon hearing about the Goliad massacre, about 1,400 Texans volunteered for Houston’s army, swelling his ranks

-Organizing a surprise attack of Santa Anna’s army, Houston charged on sleeping troops

-The Texans killed 600 Mexican troops, losing only 9 themselves at the battle of San Jacinto

Page 4


Chapter 14 manifest destiny section 2 3 texas independence

CHAPTER #14

Manifest Destiny

SECTION #2

Texas Independence

The Republic of Texas

-After capturing Santa Anna, Texans forced him to sign a peace treaty recognizing Texas as an independent nation

Page 5


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