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Solubility Rules and Sweet Sixteen. By Tori Baggstrom and Jen Bergamotto. You’re Invited!. Who : Tori and Jen What : Sweet Sixteen Solubility Tournament When : June 4, 2007 Where : Voorhees High School Why : Because Chemistry’s the Best RSVP : 1-800-CHEMISTRY. Solubility Rules/Facts.

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Presentation Transcript
slide1

Solubility Rules and

Sweet Sixteen

By Tori Baggstrom and Jen Bergamotto

slide2

You’re Invited!

  • Who: Tori and Jen
  • What: Sweet Sixteen Solubility Tournament
  • When: June 4, 2007
  • Where: Voorhees High School
  • Why: Because Chemistry’s the Best
  • RSVP: 1-800-CHEMISTRY
solubility rules facts
Solubility Rules/Facts
  • All common salts of group 1 and Ammonium (NH4+) are soluble
  • All Nitrates (NO3-) and Acetates (C2H3O2-)
  • Binary Compounds with Group 7 are except silver, Lead, Mercury
  • Sulfates except Barium, strontium, calcium, silver, mercury, and lead
  • Except for Rule 1, carbonates, hydroxides, oxide, sulfide, phosphate are not soluble

Fact: If a compound is not soluble then it forms a solid and precipitates.

slide5

Hydrogen

  • HI  H+ + I-
  • How many common ions of hydrogen are in the pervious equation?
    • A. 1
    • B. 0
    • C. 476
    • D. 3
slide6

Magnesium

  • True or False: Mg(OH)2is soluble in 1 gram of water

True

False

slide7

Sodium

  • Is NaCl soluble?

YES

NO

slide8

Barium

  • BaSO4  Ba+2 + SO4-2

Which element causes the compound to be insoluble?

    • Oxygen
    • Sulfate
    • Barium
    • Sulfur
slide9

BONUS

  • Rules
  • 1. First Round → Add Charges
  • 2. Second Round →Write Formula
  • 3. Semis → Soluble Compound (compound that will
  • dissolve in water)
  • 4. Finals → Soluble Product of Chemical Reaction
  • 5. Winner → Insoluble Product of Chemical Reaction
  • In the Semi-Finals, Ag2SO4 and Ba(NO3)2 react. What soluble compound do they form?
    • AgNO3
    • BaSO4
slide10

Zinc

  • Which compound dissolves in water?
    • ZnCO3
    • Na2CrO4
    • Al(OH)3
sweet sixteen

BONUS

(Sweet Sixteen)
  • Rules
  • 1. First Round → Add Charges
  • 2. Second Round →Write Formula
  • 3. Semis → Soluble Compound (compound that will
  • dissolve in water)
  • 4. Finals → Soluble Product of Chemical Reaction
  • 5. Winner → Insoluble Product of Chemical Reaction
  • In the finals of a Sweet Sixteen there was NaCl and AgNO3, which product was the winner?
  • - NaCl + AgNO3 NaNO3 + AgCl
  • NaNO3
  • AgCl
slide12

Nickel

  • What is false about Nickel?
    • 5 nickels make 25 cents
    • Nickel Nitrate is insoluble
    • Nickel Nitrate is soluble
    • 10 nickels + 2 quarters + 63 pennies + 2 dimes= $1.83
slide13

Iron

  • True or False: Sulfates with Barium, Strontium, Calcium, Silver, Mercury, Iron, and Lead are insoluble.

True

False

slide14

Gold

  • True or False: When gold is mixed with sulfate to form a compound, it is not soluble.

True

False

slide15

BONUS

  • Rules
  • 1. First Round → Add Charges
  • 2. Second Round →Write Formula
  • 3. Semis → Soluble Compound (compound that will
  • dissolve in water)
  • 4. Finals → Soluble Product of Chemical Reaction
  • 5. Winner → Insoluble Product of Chemical Reaction
  • In the Semi-Finals, NiCl2 and Na2CrO4 react. What soluble compound do they form?
    • NiCrO4
    • NaCl
slide16

Aluminum

  • True or False: Al(OH)3 is soluble when added to 5.3 grams of H2O.

TRUE

FALSE

slide17

Tin

  • Sn+2 + C2H302 Sn(C2H3O2)2
  • Is the product to this synthesis reaction soluble or forms a precipitate?
    • Soluble
    • Precipitate
slide18

Nitrogen

  • AgNO3  Ag+ + NO3-
    • Is this compound soluble?

YES

NO

slide19

Sulfur

  • Sulfuric Acid and Lead II Nitrate react to form one solid and one in solution.
    • Between the two products, which forms a solid, or precipitates?
      • PbSO4
      • 2HNO3
slide20

Bromine

  • Why is LiBr a soluble compound?
    • Bromine is a halogen
    • Lithium is in group 1
    • Lithium Bromide is not soluble
slide21

BONUS

  • Rules
  • 1. First Round → Add Charges
  • 2. Second Round →Write Formula
  • 3. Semis → Soluble Compound (compound that will
  • dissolve in water)
  • 4. Finals → Soluble Product of Chemical Reaction
  • 5. Winner → Insoluble Product of Chemical Reaction
  • Barium and Nitrate react in the first round. What soluble compound do these form?
    • NaBr
    • NO3(Br)
    • Ba(NO3)2
    • AgCl
slide22

BONUS

  • Rules
  • 1. First Round → Add Charges
  • 2. Second Round →Write Formula
  • 3. Semis → Soluble Compound (compound that will
  • dissolve in water)
  • 4. Finals → Soluble Product of Chemical Reaction
  • 5. Winner → Insoluble Product of Chemical Reaction
  • What is the insoluble product of NiCl2 and FeS?
    • FeS
    • NiCl2
slide23

Oxygen

  • Sodium, Sulfate, Lead II, and Nitrate ions are present in a mixed solution. After exchanging anions, in this double displacement reaction. Which product is insoluble?
  • Na2SO4 + Pb(NO3)2 PbSO4 + 2NaNO3
    • PbSO4
    • Na2SO4
    • 2NaNO3
slide24

Lead

  • True or False:
    • Nitrates with Lead are insoluble.

True

False

slide25

Iodine

  • HI  H+ + I-
    • Are strong acids such as HI, soluble?

YES

NO

slide26

Strontium

  • What makes the following compound insoluble: SrSO4?
    • All Strontiums are insoluble
    • Sulfates with Strontium are insoluble
slide27

Silver

  • Silver Nitrate, AgNO3, is soluble.

True

False

slide28

Mercury

  • Mercury Chloride is in a 5.0 gram solution of water. Is Mercury Chloride a precipitate?

YES

NO

slide29

Titanium

  • Titanium and Fluorine are mixed together to form Titanium Fluoride. Is this compound soluble?

YES

NO

slide30

Xenon

  • True or False: Xenon is a Halogen, therefore it is always soluble in solution.

True

False

slide31

BONUS

  • Rules
  • 1. First Round → Add Charges
  • 2. Second Round →Write Formula
  • 3. Semis → Soluble Compound (compound that will
  • dissolve in water)
  • 4. Finals → Soluble Product of Chemical Reaction
  • 5. Winner → Insoluble Product of Chemical Reaction
  • When NiCl2 and Na2CrO4 are combined, what is the soluble product of the chemical reaction?
    • NiCrO4
    • NaCl
slide32

Tungsten

  • Which one of the following compounds are insoluble?
    • WCO3
    • BaNO3
    • WNO3
    • NaCl
slide33

BONUS

  • Rules
  • 1. First Round → Add Charges
  • 2. Second Round →Write Formula
  • 3. Semis → Soluble Compound (compound that will
  • dissolve in water)
  • 4. Finals → Soluble Product of Chemical Reaction
  • 5. Winner → Insoluble Product of Chemical Reaction
  • Which compound is soluble: Mg3(PO4)2 or Ag2SO4?
    • Ag2SO4
    • Mg3(PO4)2
    • neither
slide34

You Are Correct!

Go Back to Periodic Table

slide35

Sorry, You Are Incorrect

Go Back to Periodic Table

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