Psychological disorders
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Psychological Disorders. Your Name Here BEH 225 Axia College Instructor, Name Month and Day, 2009. Common Types of Psychological Disorders. Mood Disorder: Disturbed emotional state

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Psychological Disorders

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Psychological Disorders

Your Name Here

BEH 225

Axia College

Instructor, Name

Month and Day, 2009


Common Types of Psychological Disorders

  • Mood Disorder: Disturbed emotional state

  • Personality Disorders: Mode of thinking or behaving that causes distress to oneself and conflicts with others.

  • Sexual Disorders: Impaired abilities, desired unconventional sex situations or items, or confusion or denial of gender.


Common Types of Psychological Disorders continued

  • Schizophrenic Disorders: Are severe and notable; inappropriate emotions, behavior, and thought processes.

  • Childhood Disorders: Generally diagnosed in the stages of infancy, childhood, or early adolescence.


Mood Disorders

Depression, Mania and Bipolar

  • Depression: overwhelming sadness, loss of interest in activities and socializing.

  • Mania: euphoric, active, talkative, easily distracted.

  • Bipolar: alternating between depression

    and mania with stints of a normal mood.


Sexual DisordersSexual Dysfunction, Paraphilias, and Gender-Identity Disorders

Sexual Dysfunction, Paraphilias, and Gender-Identity Disorders

  • Sexual Dysfunction: An inability to function effectively during sex such as erectile dysfunction, premature ejaculation, or orgasmic disorder.

  • Paraphilias: Desire for unconventional sexual situations or objects. This includes things such as fetishism and pedophilia.

  • Gender-Identity: Denying one’s gender or the desire to become the opposite sex.


Personality DisordersThree prominent “groups”

  • Group 1: odd or eccentric behavior

    • Schizoid: cannot or does not desire social relationship and inability for warm feelings toward others

    • Paranoid: constantly suspicious toward others


Personality Disorders Continued

  • Group 2: Anxious/fearful behavior

    • Dependent - inability to do things or think independently

    • Avoidant - social anxiety and isolation


Personality Disorders Continued

  • Group 3: dramatic, erratic, emotional behavior

    • Narcissistic: an exaggerated sense of self-importance

    • Borderline: instability in self-image, relationships, and mood

    • Antisocial: little or no sense of responsibility - lie, steal, cheat


Schizophrenic Disorders

  • Severe conditions - irregular thoughts and communications, inappropriate emotions, and bizarre behavior lasting for years.

  • Hallucinations and delusions

  • Forms of schizophrenia include: disorganized schizophrenia, catatonic schizophrenia, paranoid schizophrenia, and undifferentiated schizophrenia.


Childhood Disorders

Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder & Autism

  • AD/HD: Easily distracted, impulsive, constantly on the move

  • Autism: May be identified in first few years of life. Failure to form normal attachments to parents, lacking social instinct, and eccentric motor behavior


Causes and TreatmentsChildhood Disorders

  • AD/HD -

    • Causes unknown-Biological factors

    • Treatments- medications

  • Autism -

    • Typically, causes are unknown but seem to consist of biological factors.

    • Treatment may include therapy to help increase and progress certain skills and abilities.


Causes and TreatmentsMood Disorders

  • Depression:

    • Biological factors are prominent. Psychological; debatable. Social factors seem to “push” people already predisposed into depression

    • Treated commonly through medication and/or therapy

  • Mania and Bipolar Disorder:

    • Strongly linked to heredity and treated mainly with medication?


  • Causes and TreatmentsSexual Disorders

    • Sexual Dysfunction-

      • Causes range. Physical illness, biological, and inheritance.

      • Treatments are generally medications.

    • Paraphilias-

      • Causes are generally indefinite. Perhaps, formed during development.

      • Treatment - usually psychotherapy.

    • Gender-Identity-

      • Causes are also unknown. Seems to be biological.

      • Treatments can include therapy or maybe even sexual surgery to change the sex.


    Causes and TreatmentsPersonality Disorders

    • Origins and basis may be:

      • A biological predisposition .

      • Contributed to adverse psychological experiences.

      • Unhealthy or unconventional social environments.

    • Omnipresent treatments for these forms of disorders - medications and therapy.


    Causes and TreatmentsSchizophrenic Disorders

    • The causes?...Research continues

      • Biological predisposition may be inherited

      • Family relationships

      • lower-class socioeconomic environments

    • Treatments

      • Medications

      • Therapy

      • Hospitalization


    References:

    American Psychiatric Association (2000). Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of MentalDisorders (4th ed.) Washington DC: American Psychiatric Association

    Gabbard, G.O., Beck, J.S., Holmes, J. (2005). Oxford Textbook of Psychotherapy (1st ed.) New York: Oxford University Press

    Morris, C.G., Maisto, A.A. (2002). Psychology: An Introduction (12th ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall.


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