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Kansas-Nebraska. Missouri Compromise & Compromise of 1850 to the Kansas-Nebraska Act of 1854. What is this?. Missouri Compromise Review. 1820 Admitted Maine as a free state Admitted Missouri as a slave state Prohibited slavery north of the 36° 30’ Louisiana Territory.

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Missouri Compromise & Compromise of 1850 to the Kansas-Nebraska Act of 1854

What is this?

Missouri Compromise Review

  • 1820

    • Admitted Maine as a free state

    • Admitted Missouri as a slave state

    • Prohibited slavery north of the 36° 30’ Louisiana Territory

Missouri Compromise of 1820

Compromise of 1850

  • Consists of five laws introduced by Henry Clay and Stephen Douglas

    • California entered as free state

    • New Mexico/Utah would have no restrictions on slavery

    • New Mexico-Texas border dispute settled in favor of New Mexico

    • Slave Trade in D.C. would be abolished

    • Stronger Fugitive Slave law

Compromise of 1850

Popular Sovereignty

  • Before the Civil War, the idea that people living in a territory had the right to decide by voting if slavery would be allowed there

Moving Into New Territory

  • Many people moving from northern states were settling in the unorganized territory just north of the 36°30’ line

  • The lack of slaveholders in the territory made South nervous

  • Senator Stephen Douglas suggested that the territory be divided into two sections: Kansas & Nebraska

  • His intent, similar to before, was to keep the peace and please both North and South

Kansas-Nebraska Act of 1854

  • Introduced by Stephen Douglas as a means to expand westward and also appease both the North and South

  • Allowed Kansas and Nebraska decide whether slavery would be legal by Popular Sovereignty

  • Disagreed with the Compromise of 1850 and 36° 30’ line of the Missouri Compromise

Kansas-Nebraska Act of 1854


  • Free Soilers: people living in Kansas who were against slavery and wanted the land to be free

  • Border Ruffians: people living in states bordering Kansas who would come into the territory to vote on important issues regarding slavery

Problems in Kansas

  • The border ruffians out-numbered the free soilersin elections causing harsh pro-slavery laws to be passed

  • Free soilersthen organized their own free-state government with headquarters in Lawrence, Kansas

“Bleeding Kansas”

  • May 1856, 800 slavery supporters attacked the antislavery town of Lawrence, Kansas. They destroyed the town, and made arrests but no one was killed.

What do you think happened next?

John Brown & Pottawatomie Creek

  • A very determined abolitionist who vowed to “strike terror in the hearts of the proslavery people”

  • Orchestrated the Pottawatomie Creek Massacre in which five supporters of slavery were killed

Tipping Point?

  • In the two years prior to the Massacre 8 murders were attributed to the issue of slavery

  • Three months after 28 people were murdered*

    *Watts, Dale E. “How Bloody Was Bleeding Kansas?” Kansas History: A Journal of the Central Plains18 (2) (Summer 1995): 116–129.

What would you do?

  • Think about whether or not you would want to go to Kansas to join in the fight against slavery.

    • Create a magazine advertisement, billboard, or flyer either encouraging people to move to Kansas, or warning them to stay away.

    • You MUST use at least one specific reason from your notes

      • (GT you must use at least TWO specific reasons)

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