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Civic Contributions: Immigrant Taxes in The DC Metropolitan Area The Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars Thursday, November 1, 2007 Michael Fix Migration Policy Institute. Almost Half of Cities with 1 Million or More Foreign-Born Residents Are in the US.

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Civic Contributions: Immigrant Taxes in The DC Metropolitan Area

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  • Civic Contributions:

  • Immigrant Taxes in The DC Metropolitan Area

  • The Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars

  • Thursday, November 1, 2007

  • Michael Fix

  • Migration Policy Institute


Almost Half of Cities with 1 Million or More Foreign-Born Residents Are in the US


Our Tax Study of DC Area Immigrants: Main Findings

  • 2004: over 1 million immigrants in DC area.

  • 2000: they paid almost $10 billion in taxes.

  • Immigrants’ share of taxes (18%) was almost as high as their share of households (21%) despite lower incomes ($78,000 vs. $88,000).

  • Immigrants paid almost a quarter of all taxes in Montgomery and Fairfax counties.

  • NOVA and suburban MD immigrants paid 8% of all state taxes in VA and MD.


Immigrant

All

% from

Tax

Households

Households

Immigrants

Total, all taxes

9,771

55,174

17.7%

Federal Taxes

7,030

40,183

17.5%

Income Tax

3,924

24,366

16.1%

1

Social Security

2,420

12,225

19.8%

2

Medicare

686

3,592

19.1%

State Tax

1,643

9,425

17.4%

Income tax

1,079

6,328

17.0%

3

Sales tax

418

2,326

18.0%

4

Auto taxes and fees

120

592

20.4%

5

Tax on cigarettes and alcohol

26

179

14.7%

Local Tax

1,098

5,566

19.7%

6

Real property tax

627

3,145

19.9%

7

Income tax

226

1,254

18.0%

8

Sales tax

76

400

19.0%

9

Auto taxes and fees

121

511

23.6%

10

Utility and telephone taxes

48

256

19.0%

Immigrants Paid $10 Billion in Taxes


72% of Taxes Paid by ImmigrantsGo to Federal Government

Federal Taxes

$7 billion

72%

$9.8 billion in taxes, 1999-2000


Rate of Total and LEP Enrollment Growth:

From 1994 to 2005

Maryland

Source: National Clearinghouse for English Language Acquisition & Language

Instruction Educational Programs (NCELA), 2006


Rate of Total and LEP Enrollment Growth:

From 1995 to 2005

Virginia

LEP Enrollment

Total Enrollment

Source: National Clearinghouse for English Language Acquisition & Language

Instruction Educational Programs (NCELA), 2006


Mean Household Taxes Paid,

by Nativity and Legal Status

Mean Household Taxes Paid 1999-2000

(in thousands of dollars)

Note: Based on adjusted Census 2000 PUMS


Mean Household Taxes Paid, by Nativity and Education of Household Head

Mean Household Taxes Paid 1999-2000

(in thousands of dollars)

Note: Based on adjusted Census 2000 PUMS


Mean Household Taxes Paid for Immigrant Households, by English Proficiency of Household Head

Mean Household Taxes Paid 1999-2000

(in thousands of dollars)

Natives = $31

Note: Based on adjusted Census 2000 PUMS


DC ESL Need: LPRs

  • 10,056 LPRs need English instruction

  • Assuming 110 hours to increase one ESL level

    • 462 thousand hours per year ESL to bring LPRs to English proficiency

    • 2.8 million hours over 6 years to reach English proficiency

Source: MPI tabulations of 2000 Census data and 2005 CPS, with imputations of legal status by Urban Institute


VA ESL Need: LPRs

  • 74,022 LPRs need English instruction

  • Assuming 110 hours to increase one ESL level

    • 3.1 million hours per year ESL to bring LPRs to English proficiency

    • 18.5 million hours over 6 years to reach English proficiency

Source: MPI tabulations of 2000 Census data and 2005 CPS, with imputations of legal status by Urban Institute


MD ESL Need: LPRs

  • 59,905 LPRs need English instruction

  • Assuming 110 hours to increase one ESL level

    • 2.5 million hours per year ESL to bring LPRs to English proficiency

    • 15.0 million hours over 6 years to reach English proficiency

Source: MPI tabulations of 2000 Census data and 2005 CPS, with imputations of legal status by Urban Institute


DC ESL Need: Unauthorized

  • 14,939unauthorized immigrants need English instruction

  • Assuming 110 hours to increase one ESL level

    • 690 thousand hours per yearto unauthorized to English proficiency

    • 4.1 million hours over 6 years to reach English proficiency

Source: MPI tabulations of 2000 Census data and 2005 CPS, with imputations of legal status by Urban Institute


VA ESL Need: Unauthorized

  • 95,764unauthorized immigrants need English instruction

  • Assuming 110 hours to increase one ESL level

    • 4.4 million hours per yearto unauthorized to English proficiency

    • 26.4 million hours over 6 years to reach English proficiency

Source: MPI tabulations of 2000 Census data and 2005 CPS, with imputations of legal status by Urban Institute


MD ESL Need: Unauthorized

  • 69,066unauthorized immigrants need English instruction

  • Assuming 110 hours to increase one ESL level

    • 3.1 million hours per yearto unauthorized to English proficiency

    • 18.5 million hours over 6 years to reach English proficiency

Source: MPI tabulations of 2000 Census data and 2005 CPS, with imputations of legal status by Urban Institute


Employed College-Educated Workers

in Unskilled Occupations by Nativity:

DC / VA / MD, 2005/2006

14%

Latin America

Europe*

Asia

Africa

US born

Percent of college-educated workers in unskilled occupations

Source: American Community Survey, pooled 2005 and 2006

Notes: *Refers to persons from Europe, Canada, and Oceania.


Find data, reports and other analysisby state and for the nation at

For More Information

www.migrationpolicy.org

… 2006 ACS data and new

databases coming online soon!

www.migrationpolicy.org/DataHub


For more information, contact:

  • Michael Fix

  • Vice President

  • Migration Policy Institute

  • 1400 16th Street, NW

  • Washington, DC 20036

(202) 266-1940

www.migrationpolicy.org


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