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Reza SHAH. Sean, Tahlia & Beth. Iran after WW1. After the war they sought war reparations from the League of Nations Britain threw their plea out Anglo-Persian agreement Iran stayed autonomous. Consolidation of power. 1921 Coup d’etat 1923 Prime minister 1925 Shah

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reza shah

Reza SHAH

Sean, Tahlia & Beth

iran after ww1
Iran after WW1
  • After the war they sought war reparations from the League of Nations
  • Britain threw their plea out
  • Anglo-Persian agreement
  • Iran stayed autonomous
consolidation of power
Consolidation of power
  • 1921 Coup d’etat
  • 1923 Prime minister
  • 1925 Shah
  • First priority was to legitimacy and gain popularity
  • Traditionally support came from clans and ethics groups, Reza did not have such support
  • Reza was supported by the Army and Intellectuals
  • Offered the middle class national pride
  • Introduced a new ideology and identity
  • Introduced state-wide absolute discipline
nature of the regime
Nature of the Regime
  • Tradition and Continuity
  • Nationalism and change
continuity
Continuity
  • Avoiding a Republic
  • Laws
  • Land ownership
  • Censorship
changes under reza shah
Changes under Reza Shah
  • New ideology - revolved around the ruler, not the nation
  • Reza was more calculating and insightful than his predecessors
    • He needed to secure his position and didn’t have their complete legitimacy
    • He chooses his allies carefully, depending on circumstances
    • He used western educated academics but got rid of them once threats began
changes under reza shah1
Changes under Reza Shah
  • Creation of a distinct Persian identity
    • Became his principle idea in his regime
    • School textbooks were rewritten because they emphasized a pre-Islamic past
    • Persian language academy was formed to refine the language and take out all Arabic
changes under reza shah2
Changes under Reza Shah
  • Aimed to pursue a "third-power policy"
    • Meant obtaining the support of a country other than Russia or the UK
    • Went to France, Germany, US and Italy for technical expertise and equipment (sent students to these countries for education rather than the UK)
    • Shah\'s relationship with UK was an issue + he did little to eliminate British control
    • 1932: Iran and UK discussed oil concessions
      • Signed a year later, Iran\'s royalties rose (16%-20%) and the contract was extended for another 60 years
changes under reza shah3
Changes under Reza Shah
  • Shah established good relationships with neighboring countries and tried to strengthen regional links
  • 1937: Saadabad Pact was signed ( with Turkey, Iran, Afghanistan) and ended any potential disputes between the countries
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