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Chapter 5 Section 4. US HIstory. Second Continental Congress – May 10, 1775 John Adams, Samuel Adams, Patrick Henry, Richard Henry Lee, and George Washington Benjamin Franklin – respected Pennsylvania member of legislature

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Chapter 5 section 4

Chapter 5

Section 4

US HIstory


Round 2

  • Second Continental Congress – May 10, 1775

    • John Adams, Samuel Adams, Patrick Henry, Richard Henry Lee, and George Washington

    • Benjamin Franklin – respected Pennsylvania member of legislature

    • John Hancock – wealthy Massachusetts merchant, funded Patriot groups

    • Thomas Jefferson – brilliant thinker and member of the Virginia House of Burgesses

    • Actions:

      • Set up a Post Office (Franklin in charge)

      • Create the Continental Army (Washington in charge)

      • Offer Britain a last petition – formal request

        • The Olive Branch Petition – offer a solution other than war to the king

        • King responds by readying for battle (German troops and British troops)

Round 2


Best defense is a good offense

  • British troops stationed in Canada plan to march on New York

    • From Fort Ticonderoga the Patriot force conquers Montreal

    • Attack on Quebec (led by B. Arnold) failed

    • Washington attacks the British forces (led by William Howe) in Boston

  • Thomas Paine – writes Common Sense

    • Speaks to the feelings of many Patriots

    • It is “common sense” to break from tyranny

Best Defense is a Good offense



A bold claim

  • Continental Congress meets again in Philadelphia

    • Main question: Should colonies break from England?

    • Richard Henry Lee – proposed freedom for colonies

      • 12 of 13 support (New York later supports)

    • Declaration of Independence – Jefferson wrote the document (John Adams and Benjamin Franklin gave suggestions)

      • Used English philosopher John Locke’s ideals (all people are born with natural right, governments are created to protects rights, and any government that does not should be overthrown)

      • John Hancock – president of the Congress signs first

      • 56 delegates sign the document

A Bold Claim


Time 4

“I’m obnoxious . . . and unpopular. You are very much otherwise.”

John Adams,

to Thomas Jefferson in discussing which of them should write the Declaration of Independence in 1776

Time 4

This feature can be found on pages 170–171 of your textbook.


The declaration

  • The Declaration of Independence (or The Beginning of the American Revolution)

    • First Section: Preamble – introduction

      • People have the right to alter or abolish unjust governments

    • Second and Third Sections: Reasons for Break

      • Cutting of trade with the world

      • Imposing taxes without consent

      • Ignoring petitions for repealing taxes

    • Fourth Section: Declaration of a New Nation

      • Pledge of the colonies to each other as a new nation

The Declaration


Wim 5

WIM 5 American Revolution)


Dfs 5 4

DFS 5-4 American Revolution)

Click the mouse button or press the Space Bar to display the answer.


Chapter summary 1

Chapter Summary 1 American Revolution)


Chapter summary 2

Chapter Summary 2 American Revolution)


Time 12

60 American Revolution)Seconds it takes a Minuteman soldier to get ready to fight

16 Age of Sibyl Ludington, who in 1777 made a 40-mile midnight ride like Paul Revere’s, shouting “The British are coming!”

10,000 The approximate number of enslaved persons who earned their freedom by fighting against the British

200 Number of American doctors with actual medical degrees in 1776

Time 12

This feature can be found on pages 170–171 of your textbook. Click the mouse button or press the Space Bar to display the information.


Section 4 12

Checking for Understanding American Revolution)

Define Match the terms on the right with their definitions on the left.

__ 1. the introduction to a formal document, especially the Constitution

__ 2. a formal request

A. petition

B. preamble

B

A

Section 4-12

Click the mouse button or press the Space Bar to display the answers.


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