1. “Improving the Academic Writing of Long-Term English Learners” Margaret Tomita, Associate Director San Jose Area Writing Project, SJSU March 5, 2011
2. What challenges do you face when asked to improve the academic writing of your ELLs ?
3. “What % of an EL’s day is spent discussing lesson content, using complete sentences, or using relevant academic language?”
5. “What is academic language?”
6. “What language do students need to USE to understand language arts, science, social science, or math content?” “bricks”: content specific
“mortar”: words/phrases that connect and hold the content specific words together
8. What might be “mortar words” you would use to compare and contrast two different people?
18. “Why is it important for you (teacher) to set a clear purpose for reading a text?” “Why is it important for students to write after they read?”
19. Write a summary of the article “The Abominable Snowman”. 1. A first sentence that states the main idea of the article. The article “The Abominable Snowman” (tells, explains, describes)... 2. Three to five major points/ideas 3. Organized in a logical, easy-to-follow order.
20. “Why establish consistent writing instructional routines?” “10,000 hours of practice
to become an expert”
The Outliers by Malcolm Gladwell
21. Ray Allen, Boston Celtics RECORD: All Time -3-Point Shot Leader POINTS: 2,562
22. “Routines help to establish students’ expectations for what they do, how they do things, and why they are doing it.” ONE IDEA TO TAKE AWAY FROM WHAT I SHARE TODAY!ONE IDEA TO TAKE AWAY FROM WHAT I SHARE TODAY!
25. TIMED WRITING: “Should teachers’ names be published in the newspaper to show they are effective based on their students’ test scores?”
26. INSTRUCTIONAL ROUTINES SELF CHECKLIST __1. I can explain the routine and why I am doing it. __2. I know what to do for each step of the routine. __3. I know how to check my own progress.
27. Examples: Instructional Routines Anticipation Guide Quick Writes Timed Writing Think-Write-Pair-Share Think-Pair-Share Fishbowl Previewing a Text Notetaking Vocabulary Concept Map Double Entry Journals
29. REFLECTION: Five ways to improve ELL Academic Writing 1) Use sentence and paragraph frames (“mortar”) for different types of academic writing. 2) Use color-coding to visually separate information. 3) Extend oral language practice that supports specific writing purposes: (cause/effect, explain, compare/contrast) 4) Set a clear reading purpose for students and ask them to write about their reading. 5) Establish consistent Writing Instructional Routines.