Standard 3.6
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Standard 3.6 Analyze and trace an author’s development of time sequence, including the use of complex literary devices (e.g., foreshadowing, flashback). Flashback and Foreshadowing. Number of Questions.

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Flashback and Foreshadowing

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Flashback and foreshadowing

Standard 3.6Analyze and trace an author’s development of time sequence, including the use of complex literary devices (e.g., foreshadowing, flashback).

Flashback

and Foreshadowing


Number of questions

Number of Questions

The literary response and analysis section of the CAHSEE contains 20 multiple choice questions.There are two questions on the CAHSEE regarding your understanding of Standard 3.6.


Purpose

Purpose

  • Identifying flashbacks and foreshadowing helps you understand the sequence of events in the story.

  • Flashbacks add information to the story.

  • Foreshadowing helps the reader anticipate what might be coming.


Order of events

Order of Events

Most stories are told in a certain order.

  • Sequential order

  • Chronological (time) order

    Writers use these strategies to tell a story.


Clues to sequences

Clues to Sequences

These words give you clues that the text is being told in chronological (time) order:

First

Next

Then

Last

Finally


Flashback

Flashback

Sometimes authors need to tell you about events that happened before the story begins. To not confuse you, the author might stop the story to give you information about characters, events or conflicts in the past. When the author does this, it is called a flashback.


Identifying a flashback

Identifying a Flashback

You can tell you’re reading a flashback when the scene changes and the story flashes back to the past.

  • Sometimes an entire chapter in story is a flashback.

  • There may be more than one flashback within a story.

  • Authors often give you clues, such as:

    “It all started when…”

    “That brings us to today…”


Foreshadowing

Foreshadowing

Foreshadowing is a warning or hint about an event that may happen in the future of the story.


Identify foreshadowing

Identify Foreshadowing

  • Look for incidents that happen early on in the story that might relate to a character.

  • Look for clues which suggest what might happen next.

    NOTE: A famous playwright wrote that if you put a gun onstage in Act I, you must use it by Act II.

    What might that mean?


Example

Example

You’re reading a story and it’s set in an old house. The family is sitting at the table eating dinner when suddenly the lights go off and on without anyone touching the switch. The family goes on eating dinner and eventually they forget about the incident with the lights.

What might the incident foreshadow?


Making a guess

Making a Guess

The incident with the lights foreshadows something bad that will happen in the story.


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