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Introduction to ADF in JDeveloper 10 g — Is it Oracle Forms Developer Yet?. Peter Koletzke Technical Director & Principal Instructor. Moi. Vous. Forms development 1-2 years? 3-9 years? More than 9 years? Java development 1-2 years? 3-9 years? More than 9 years? JDeveloper

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Introduction to ADF in JDeveloper 10 g — Is it Oracle Forms Developer Yet?

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Introduction to adf in jdeveloper 10 g is it oracle forms developer yet l.jpg

Introduction to ADF in JDeveloper 10g — Is it Oracle Forms Developer Yet?

Peter Koletzke

Technical Director & Principal Instructor


Slide2 l.jpg

Moi


Slide3 l.jpg

Vous

  • Forms development

    • 1-2 years?

    • 3-9 years?

    • More than 9 years?

  • Java development

    • 1-2 years?

    • 3-9 years?

    • More than 9 years?

  • JDeveloper

    • 1-3 years?

    • More than 3 years?


On the positive side l.jpg

On the Positive Side…

If we do not find anything pleasant, at least we shall find something new.—Voltaire (1694-1778), Candide

Si nous ne trouvons pas des choses agréables, nous trouverons du moins des choses nouvelles.


Agenda l.jpg

Agenda

  • What is a framework?

  • What is ADF?

  • Is it Forms?

Rumor: There is a really good book about JDeveloper 10g coming out soon.


J2ee problem 1 design l.jpg

Java 2 Platform, Enterprise Edition

J2EE Problem 1 - Design

  • J2EE offers design flexibility

    • Multiple architectures (various tiers)

    • Multiple languages

    • Multiple data layers

  • Choosing the technology combination is difficult

    • EJBs or BC4J (ADF BC)?

    • Struts or MVC controller?

    • JSP pages or UIX or Java Swing?

    • Database code or web services?


J2ee problem 2 development l.jpg

J2EE Problem 2 - Development

  • J2EE code is primarily 3GL

    • Lots of lines of code, repeats for each app

    • Notepad and vi are limited development environments

  • Need help creating code

    • Generate the standard stuff

    • Hand code the app-specific stuff

  • Need to reuse proven methods

    • Code libraries that handle the internals


J2ee problem 3 deployment l.jpg

J2EE Problem 3 – Deployment

  • J2EE deployment is complex

    • Java applications have many files

      • Not less than a thousand

    • Need to install application files in the right places on the server

  • Need to configure the server

    • Lots of required files

    • web.xml, server.xml, J2EE config files

  • Need to connect the layers

    • Requires more than simple client todatabase server connection


The solutions l.jpg

The Solutions

  • Problem 1 (many design options)

    • Ask your J2EE expert

    • Read success stories

    • Use frameworks – they provide a specific path

  • Problem 2 (lots of repetitive, required code)

    • Java tools (like JDeveloper)

    • Frameworks in the tools

  • Problem 3 (deployment complexity)

    • Java tools help

    • Ask your J2EE expert

      • Not as important as with problem 1

Tools can’t help here, yet.


What is a framework l.jpg

What is a Framework?

  • An extension of good reusable code strategies

    • Solve a problem once, use the code again in multiple projects

    • The code must be generically written but still functional

  • Provides a key service

    • For example, Struts framework provides control of page flow in a web application

    • Think “API”

      • Application Programming Interface

      • Code libraries you can use for extra functions


Benefits of a framework l.jpg

Benefits of a Framework

  • Promises increased productivity through code reuse

    • Prebuilt code supplies functionality you would have to build yourself

      • For example, connection layer to the database through JDBC

    • You write less 3GL code

  • Simplifies complexity of a high-level architecture

    • Complexity is hidden in the prebuilt code

    • Handles infrastructure and communication between layers

    • You just hook into it

  • Provides structure to the myriad number of technology combinations

    • The path to a particular goal is predefined


Components of a framework l.jpg

Components of a Framework

  • Code libraries

    • Provide the basic functionality

      • App-specific customizations usually appear in XML files

    • Extendable

      • Write your own code to supplement or replace the basic functionality

  • Documented method

    • You cannot be productive unless you know how to use the libraries

  • Tools

    • Optional but useful part

    • Without tools, you’re on your own with the framework code


An example l.jpg

An Example

  • ADF Business Components (ADF BC)

    • Formerly BC4J

    • Java code layer that connects application to the database

  • Contains base libraries that provide the connection capabilities

    • You can extend the libraries to replace or supplement the functions (Java files)

    • You define XML files that supply application-specific customization

      • For example, the definition of a table

  • JDeveloper contains ADF BC editors

    • Edit the XML files

    • Create Java files


Adf bc code l.jpg

Table

COUNTRIES

ADF BC Libraries

ADF BC Code

JDBC

EntityImpl.java

ViewObjectImpl.java

Application Specific Files

CountriesImpl.java

public class CountriesImpl extends EntityImpl

{

public static final int COUNTRYID = 0;

public static final int COUNTRYNAME = 1;

public static final int REGIONID = 2;

public static final int LOCATIONS = 3;

public CountriesImpl()

{

}

public String getCountryId()

{

return (String)getAttributeInternal(COUNTRYID);

}

public void setCountryId(String value)

{

setAttributeInternal(COUNTRYID, value);

}

public String getCountryName()

{

return (String)getAttributeInternal(COUNTRYNAME);

}

public void setCountryName(String value)

{

setAttributeInternal(COUNTRYNAME, value);

}

Countries.xml

<?xml version='1.0' encoding='windows-1252' ?>

<!DOCTYPE Entity SYSTEM "jbo_03_01.dtd">

<Entity

Name="Countries"

DBObjectType="table"

DBObjectName="COUNTRIES"

AliasName="Countries"

BindingStyle="Oracle"

UseGlueCode="false"

RowClass="location.model.CountriesImpl" >

<DesignTime>

<Attr Name="_isCodegen" Value="true" />

<Attr Name="_version" Value="9.0.5.16.0" />

<Attr Name="_codeGenFlag2" Value="Access" />

<AttrArray Name="_publishEvents">

</AttrArray>

</DesignTime>

<Attribute

Name="CountryId"

IsNotNull="true"

Precision="2"

ColumnName="COUNTRY_ID"

Type="java.lang.String"

ColumnType="CHAR"

SQLType="CHAR"

TableName="COUNTRIES"

PrimaryKey="true"

RetrievedOnUpdate="true"

RetrievedOnInsert="true" >

<DesignTime>

<Attr Name="_DisplaySize" Value="2" />

</DesignTime>

</Attribute>

CountriesView.xml

<?xml version='1.0' encoding='windows-1252' ?>

<!DOCTYPE Entity SYSTEM "jbo_03_01.dtd">

<ViewObject

Name="CountriesView"

SelectList="Countries.COUNTRY_ID,

Countries.COUNTRY_NAME,

Countries.REGION_ID"

FromList="COUNTRIES Countries"

BindingStyle="Oracle"

CustomQuery="false"

ComponentClass="location.model.CountriesViewImpl"

MsgBundleClass="oracle.jbo.common.JboResourceBundle"

UseGlueCode="false" >

<DesignTime>

<Attr Name="_version" Value="9.0.5.16.0" />

<Attr Name="_codeGenFlag2" Value="Access|Coll" />

<Attr Name="_isExpertMode" Value="false" />

</DesignTime>

<EntityUsage

Name="Countries"

Entity="location.model.Countries" >

CountriesViewImpl.java

public class CountriesViewImpl extends ViewObjectImpl

{

public CountriesViewImpl()

{

}

public void executeQuery()

{

super.executeQuery();

}

public void setWhereClause(String whereClause)

{

super.setWhereClause(whereClause);

}

}


Challenges of frameworks l.jpg

Challenges of Frameworks

  • Learning the method

    • Tools help

    • Without tools, you spend more time developing

  • Using the “out-of-the-box” functionality

    • If you can live with this, you will save lots of time

      • If you customize, you might spend more time than you would spend if you build your own

    • Use the normal framework definitions to build app-specific code (often XML files)

  • Getting assistance

    • Vendor support, online user forums, books


Agenda16 l.jpg

Agenda

  • What is a framework?

  • What is ADF?

  • Is it Forms?


Aiming high l.jpg

Aiming High

Your scheme must be the framework of the universe;all other schemes will soon be ruins.—Henry David Thoreau (1817–1862), A Week on the Concord and Merrimack Rivers


Sounds like a job for a tool l.jpg

Sounds Like a Job for a Tool!

  • JDeveloper 10g

    • J2EE IDE

    • Code organizer

    • Code generator

  • Application DevelopmentFramework

    • Available only inJDeveloper 10g


Oracle application development framework adf l.jpg

Oracle Application Development Framework (ADF)

  • Attempt to meet the J2EE challenges

  • Feature available only in JDeveloper 10g

  • A wrapper for other frameworks

    • ADF BC (formerly BC4J)

    • ADF UIX (formerly UIX)

    • ADF JClient (formerly JClient)

    • Struts (non-Oracle, Jakarta Project open source)

  • An architecture

    • Implies a method and a tool

  • Based on MVC


  • Model view controller mvc l.jpg

    Model

    Controller

    View

    Model-View-Controller (MVC)

    • SmallTalk strategy for application components

    • Now a J2EE design pattern

    • The MVC separation in layers allows you to plug in different front-end clients

    • Provides ability to separate layers for development

      • E.g., Can develop and test the model layer separately

    ADF splits the Model layer in two.

    Code to access data

    What happens when user interacts with UI; page flow

    User interface code


    Slide21 l.jpg

    Java Local Client

    Web Client

    ADF Architecture

    View

    Swing model

    Swing event handlers

    Swing visual aspect

    ADF UIX

    JSP

    ADF JClient

    Controller

    Struts

    Model

    ADF Bindings

    ADF Data Controls

    Business Services

    Java Classes

    EJB Session Beans

    ADF Business Components

    Web Services


    Slide22 l.jpg

    Business Services

    Java Classes

    EJB Session Beans

    ADF Business Components

    Web Services

    • Code layer for accessing data sources such as a database

    • Responsibilities:

      • Persistence

        • Data storage after the program ends

      • Object-relational (OR) mapping

        • Translating database objects to object-oriented structures

    • Use this layer to code business logic

      • The J2EE Business Tier


    Business services technologies l.jpg

    Business Services Technologies

    • Enterprise JavaBeans (EJBs)

      • Standard, popular, pure Java, J2EE code layer

      • Uses a runtime container process

    • Web services

      • Functions and resources written by a web provider

      • Can be incorporated into your application as remote calls

    • ADF Business Components

      • Formerly BC4J

      • Full framework for accessing Oracle databases

      • Easy to develop, powerful, has data caching

    • Java classes

      • Plain Old Java Objects (POJOs) supply data

      • TopLink in JDev used for OR mapping


    Slide24 l.jpg

    Model

    ADF Bindings

    ADF Data Controls

    • This is the main innovation of ADF!

    • Connects Business Services to the View layer

      • Java local clients (heavy client)

        • Delivers data from Business Services to the View layer

        • View layer then updates the display

      • Web clients (light client)

        • Receives instructions from the Controller layer as requests for data retrieval and updates

        • Requests update of View layer


    Model layer adf data controls l.jpg

    Model Layer – ADF Data Controls

    • Common code layer for multiple business services

    • Appears as list of components available for a specific business service

    • Component list changes based on selected data element

    • Selecting a component automatically binds it


    Model layer adf bindings l.jpg

    Model Layer – ADF Bindings

    • Declares which data is connected to a user interface component

      • For example, LocationId text item is bound by code to the LOCATIONS.LOCATION_ID column

      • Works with the data controls to supply data model link from view components to business services

      • Data Control Palette in JDeveloper automatically binds the controls

      • You can also code this manually


    Slide27 l.jpg

    Controller

    Struts

    • For web clients only

    • Defines what page is displayed next

      • Can apply conditional logic

      • Can interact with data to prepare next page

      • “Model 2” JSP (code logic not page links)

    • In JDev 10g (9.0.5), Struts is the default controller

      • Jakarta Project open source effort

      • Defines pages and actions that display the pages


    Slide28 l.jpg

    View

    Java Local Client

    Web Client

    Swing model

    Swing event handlers

    Swing visual aspect

    ADF UIX

    JSP

    • User interface technologies

      • Java local client

        • Java runtime on the client

        • Part of J2SE (standard edition)

        • Uses JClient framework to communicate with model layer

        • Swing contains its own MVC components (Swing Model, event handlers for Controller, and visual aspects for View)

      • Web client

        • JavaServer Pages (JSP) technology

          • J2EE standard, light-client, tag-based interface

        • ADF UIX

          • Oracle-specific, XML-based interface used by E-Business Suite applications

    ADF JClient


    Adf does not help you decide l.jpg

    ADF Does Not Help You Decide

    • No single, predefined technology path

    • ADF supports many technologies

      • “Productivity with Choice”

      • Similar in that way to Designer supporting various life cycle models

        • Traditional waterfall, RAD, Start-in-the-middle

    • Still need to make the design choices

      • However, some choices are better supported

        • For example, Struts is the default Controller


    Other adf components l.jpg

    Other ADF Components

    • Code libraries

      • Mostly those of the individual frameworks (BC4J, Struts, JSP tags, JClient)

      • Common ADF runtime libraries

        • For data binding and model support

      • Documentation (online Help), OTN forums

    • Tools

      • JDeveloper utilities and work areas

    • Development method

      • Very loose set of steps

      • Uses JDeveloper tools to bind data


    The development method l.jpg

    The Development Method

    • Create application workspace

    • Create Business Services and Model layers

    • Create View and Controller layers

    • Test and debug

    • Use the same tools for development regardless of technology choices

    Demo


    Agenda32 l.jpg

    Agenda

    • What is a framework?

    • What is ADF?

    • Is it Forms?


    Nothing like a good drill l.jpg

    Nothing Like a Good Drill

    Man is a tool-using animal. ...Without tools he is nothing, with tools he is all.—Thomas Carlyle (1751–1881), Sartor Resartus


    What s good about forms l.jpg

    What’s Good About Forms?

    • Nothing better for highly-responsive UIs

      • Best thing around for rapid data entry

      • GUI controls are unmatched in pure HTML web applications

        • Java applications (with Swing controls) deployed on the Web have similar controls

    • Nothing better for RAD

      • Really fast prototypes

      • You don’t need to learn Javato do Forms

    • Still used by Oracle Applications

    It’s betterif youknow Java.


    What s bad about forms l.jpg

    What’s Bad About Forms?

    • It’s a 4GL and has limitations

    • Legacy technology

      • Proprietary; not industry standard

      • Needs Oracle AS to deploy

      • “Functionally stable” (IBM term?)

    • Oracle is focusing on J2EE

      • Development tools

      • Application server

      • Database


    What s good about jdeveloper and adf l.jpg

    What’s Good About JDeveloper and ADF?

    • Oracle is focusing on J2EE

      • JDeveloper is a J2EE tool

    • Supports any style of J2EE code

      • Heavy client; light client

    • Makes J2EE design, development, and deployment easier

      • No need to think much about “plumbing”

    • Supports different development styles

      • You can write 3GL code

      • You can use declarative tools


    What s bad about jdeveloper and adf l.jpg

    What’s Bad About JDeveloper and ADF?

    • It manages 3GL code

      • 3GL code is hard to create

    • It is not a RAD tool

    • You need to know Java

      • Big learning curve

      • Object-oriented thinking

    • J2EE has challenges

      • Not JDeveloper’s fault

    • You need to think about frameworks

      • It supports all paths

      • It provides no clear path


    Is adf forms yet l.jpg

    Is ADF Forms Yet?

    • ADF is really just a wrapper around proven (older) frameworks

      • ADF BC, ADF UIX, JClient, Struts

    • Would be an “Emperor’s New Clothes” except…

      • Data controls and bindings

        • Very nice innovation

        • This does speed up development

        • Oracle submitted to Java Community Process (JCP) as Java Specification Request (JSR) 227


    So is adf forms yet l.jpg

    So, Is ADF Forms Yet?

    • It can help shops that have mostly J2EE experts

      • J2EE experts will be more productive

      • They need to learn the ADF process

    • It can also help shops who have “traditional” non-J2EE Oracle developers

      • Forms and PL/SQL developers will be productive with the declarative tools

        • With training, they can write Java extensions

        • Much of the complexity is hidden

      • They need a J2EE expert to guide them and code the internal, complex stuff


    Please tell me l.jpg

    Please Tell Me!

    • Can you achieve the productivity of Forms using ADF?

      • ADF is as close to RAD as any current J2EE tool

      • It is state-of-the-art plus

        • Good innovations

        • Very developer-friendly

        • Costlier than alternative J2EE tools

    • In other words, “Not yet”

      • Stay tuned for 10.1.3


    Summary l.jpg

    Summary

    • Frameworks help development

      • Forms is a framework

        • One way to develop and deploy

      • Not so easy for J2EE applications

    • ADF is a framework and it also helps

      • A big step in the right direction

      • Provides support once you determine the path

    • Room for growth

      • More declarative tools

      • More recommended paths

        • Combining technologies is the remaining challenge


    Slide42 l.jpg

    Designer

    Handbook

    Developer

    Advanced

    Forms & Reports

    JDeveloper 3

    Handbook

    Available in Sept

    ORACLE

    JDeveloper 10g

    Handbook

    ORACLE9i

    JDeveloper

    Handbook

    Also co-authoredwith Avrom Roy-Faderman

    • Books co-authored with Dr. Paul Dorsey

    • Personal web site:

      • http://ourworld.compuserve.com/ homepages/Peter_Koletzke

    http://www.quovera.com

    • Founded in 1995 as Millennia Vision Corporation

    • Profitable for 7+ years without outside funding

    • Consultants each have 10+ years industry experience

    • Strong High-Tech industry background

    • 200+ clients/300+ projects

    • JDeveloper Partner

    • More technical white papers and presentations on the web site


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